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Technical Goat Farming Standards

Making goat stables helps farmers control and take good care of them, avoiding negative external influences during the breeding process. Moreover, making goat cages with proper techniques is also the leading solution to reduce pollution and protect the environment. In this article, we will share with you Goat barn making techniques The most complete and detailed, please refer.

Benefits of building a goat farm with the right technique

Goat is one of the livestock that is easy to raise, less susceptible to diseases, rich and diverse food source providing domestic and foreign markets with clean meat, milk and breeding stock. Therefore, the demand for goat farming on a farm scale is expanding.

To ensure a litter can raise a few dozen to several hundred goats, people have to build goat stables. This is the first and most necessary factor before farmers start raising livestock. When designing the cage to ensure the correct technique, farmers will be able to:

  • Better herd management
  • Take care and protect health, help goats grow evenly
  • Ensure security, avoid loss, theft
  • Collecting manure is easy, minimizing impact and polluting the surrounding environment.
Building a standard goat barn brings many benefits
Building a standard goat barn brings many benefits

General requirements for goat stables

  1. Location

Goat is a ruminant animal, but temperament is quite erratic, hyperactive, likes to live in cool and dry places, does not like moisture, discomfort. Therefore, the location of the goat barn should be quiet, clean and airy. The goat barn should be far away from domestic water sources, away from houses, roads, and surrounded by shady trees. However, it must be a place that is easy to manage, take care of, and clean.

  1. The direction of the barn

The most suitable direction to build the barn is the Southeast direction. This direction is cool in summer and warm in winter. If there is no suitable terrain, people can choose either the East or the South direction because the sun shining on the barn in the morning will stimulate the goats to eat more, digest well, have strong bones, and grow quickly.

  1. Area of ​​barn

The area of ​​the barn will depend on the orientation and number of goat herds. However, the barn must be spacious, airy, clean, easy to clean, convenient in taking care of baby goats and mother goats after birth.

The area of ​​the goat barn depends on the number of goats
The area of ​​the goat barn depends on the number of goats
  1. Materials for the barn

Goat barns are quite simple, people do not necessarily have to buy expensive materials like building stables for buffaloes and cows. To save costs, people can use wood, bamboo, sturgeon, coconut tree trunk, areca tree trunk … to make cages. In addition, always take advantage of thatch leaves, palm leaves, coconut leaves or tiles to make the roof both economical and cool. In addition, people can also invest in building a barn with bricks, using fibro cement tiles, corrugated iron roofs.

Technical requirements of goat stables

  1. Stable frame

The cage frame is made of wood, bamboo or concrete columns. At the bottom of the column, there must be a supporting foot, which is raised about 50 – 70cm high, made of bricks or big stones, built firmly and firmly. The frame must be designed firmly and firmly so that when the goat works, it will not collapse. The bottom should have a bottom beam, next to it are vertical beams, solid crossbars.

  1. Barn background

The bottom barn floor can be cemented for convenience during cleaning. If you keep the ground, you need to stamp it firmly. The barn floor has a slope of about 2 – 3% towards the drain to avoid backlog. Around the floor and the cage frame, there is a drainage system designed to flow in one direction with a certain slope to guide urine and feces. collection and treatment pits to avoid polluting the environment and limit the production of pathogenic bacteria.

  1. The floor of the barn

The floor is a very important location for raising goats. Ideally, people should make a floor to raise goats with wooden bars measuring 2.5 x 3cm in the style of inlaid beds, the openings are only 1 – 1.5cm to ensure that feces and urine can pass but not goat’s feet. The floor of the barn must be at least 50 – 80cm below to ensure clean and cool. If bamboo is used as a floor, the bamboo bars must be flat, have been peeled, and the bamboo sand must be turned downwards to avoid stagnation of feces. and does not hurt the herd that is easy to raise. The gap between the bamboo walls should only be from 1 to 1.5cm.

Goat barn floor plays a very important role
Goat barn floor plays a very important role
  1. The barn city

The barn wall is installed solidly, rotating around the floor of the barn to protect, preventing the goats from running back and forth outside. The barn wall should be made of bamboo or wood, but not too wide, the spokes should be only 6-10cm apart. The barn wall must have a minimum height of 1.5 – 1.8m. If made of bamboo, the eyes must be peeled off to avoid injury when they rub people in. People can also build brick walls but it will be a bit mysterious, making goats feel uncomfortable.

  1. The roof of the barn

The roof of the barn is made in the style of 2 left with a roof in the middle. The roof must protrude from at least 60 – 80cm to avoid drafts, strong rain, and afternoon sun. The roof of the barn has a moderate slope to easily drain rainwater.

  1. Bulkhead

Inside the goat house, it is necessary to design a reasonable partition to separate into separate cells for goats, especially breeding goats. Partitions can be made of bamboo or bamboo, wooden bars with a height of about 1 – 1.2m, the distance between the walls is 0.8 – 10cm so that goats can’t get out. The cage has doors from 0 to 0 wide. ,4 – 0.5m, the height is equal to the height of the partition.

  1. barn door

For convenience in exporting, isolating, changing the barn or combining it with the playground, the correct way to make a goat barn properly requires an up and down barn door. The barn door must be 60-80cm wide to help the goats walk easily, without rubbing against the wall, especially for pregnant female goats. The door is also made of bamboo or wood, with a wooden ladder design up and down for goats.

The door of the goat barn should be designed in an up and down barn style
The door of the goat barn should be designed in an up and down barn style
  1. Feeding troughs

Food sources for goats include refined food (grains and their by-products) and green food (natural vegetables, elephant grass, giant tea leaves, vegetables, etc.). Therefore, the goat house must be designed with a feeding trough hanging in the front, outside the cage wall and with a large hole so that they can easily poke their head out to eat, and at the same time avoid spilling food on the outside of the barn floor. sanitary protection for goat floors.

  1. Drinking troughs

Goats have a very good thirst tolerance, but when raising goats in the direction of cages, people need to design a drinking trough and provide water daily, especially in the hot season. Drinking troughs can be placed inside or outside each cage. People can make use of buckets and attach them to the barn wall.

  1. Milking place

The goat milking place is located outside the playground. People arrange a solid stall made of bamboo or wood that fits together. Floor foot in from 50 – 60cm suitable for the milker’s height. Before the collapse, there is a square frame like the barn partition, the hole is just enough to let the goat’s head through. The outside is fitted with a food tray. While milking, goats will stand on the floor to eat grass.

In the goat house, there should be an additional milking area
In the goat house, there should be an additional milking area

Cleaning goat stables

  1. Mechanical cleaning

Goats are very clean, so while raising, people must regularly clean the barn and clean farming tools to limit pathogens and bad factors outside the environment.

Every day, when releasing the goats to the playground, people need to clean the floor of the barn, flush the inside of the floor and the drain to spray it clean to avoid stagnation of feces and urine.

Before feeding the goats with new food, people should clean the coarse feeder, the fine feeder, wash the drinking trough and change the water.

Check the roof regularly, especially after rain to make timely repairs. Walls and partitions also need to be checked and cleaned.

Adequate supply of clean water during cleaning and disinfection. Do not allow stagnant water to stand in the goat’s playground.

Goat stables need to be kept clean
Goat stables need to be kept clean
  1. Disinfectant Disinfectant

Disinfection of goat stables is a matter that people need to pay great attention to, periodically, according to the correct process, using the right drugs, drug concentrations …

Farmers will be disinfected 7 days before being kept in captivity and disinfected after 15 days of release, and 3 days before rearing again. In addition, in the process of raising, properly raised cages also need to be disinfected once a month. To conduct detoxification, people need to clean up with water to reduce the density of microorganisms on the surface of the cage, as a premise for the next step.

Clearing bushes should be at least 1m away from the barn, using lime sprinkled around the barn and disinfecting pits. After cleaning, people can destroy the physical level by using boiling water or fire to kill pathogens and disease-causing agents. If you use fire, you must be very careful because all materials are flammable.

To ensure that goats are not infected, it is necessary to disinfect the cage regularly
To ensure that goats are not infected, it is necessary to disinfect the cage regularly

Next, disinfect and disinfect with chemicals. For stables with goats and without goats, farmers must carefully consider and choose appropriate drugs to avoid affecting the health of the livestock herd. People can use the method of inhalation or spraying.

Building a barn is an important step, a prerequisite for a great decision to succeed when raising goats. People should apply the right techniques to raise goats to achieve high efficiency, avoid risks and impact on the environment. Good luck.

Emilia Chaney
Emilia Chaneyhttps://agrisearch.net
My name is Emilia Chaney. I'm a social girl from Romania with a big smile and 3 passions: Agriculture, Travel and Social Media. I try to make this blog practical, full of great advice and inspiring ideas.

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