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Tips for the Best Techniques for Raising Triplets for High Yield

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Tips for the Best Techniques for Raising Triplets for High Yield

Currently, in big cities, ba ba has become a typical dish in luxury restaurants. This is not only a delicious finger food but also a medicine to cure many diseases such as tuberculosis, back pain, hair loss, weak kidneys … so it is very popular with diners. Therefore, many farmers are tending to invest in tortoiseshell farms in the hope of getting rich. Today’s article we will be dedicated to sharing about Daddy raising techniques provide high productivity. Do not rush to skip our article.

Ba ba is a nutritious food that many eateries and restaurants put on the menu
Ba ba is a nutritious food that many eateries and restaurants put on the menu

Choose like daddy

Breeding is an important technique. If good varieties are selected, economic efficiency in livestock production will be high. Currently, there are 3 varieties that you can refer to:

Slippery tortoiseshell: characteristic of this variety is no nodules, yellow belly, sometimes black spots like flower spots. This breed is suitable for living in watery areas such as rivers, lakes, ponds, etc. in the Northern region.

Three-thorns: This variety is easy to recognize. On the apricot has many thorny nodules according to the characteristics of the name, touching the apricot with your hand will see the hand draft, towards the end of the tomorrow the thorny nodules become more and more prominent. This variety is also suitable for freshwater environments, rivers, streams and lakes in the North.

Southern Ba Ba (Cu Dinh): This variety is found in the grass with rounded spines, distributed mainly in the Central Highlands and poured into the South. This breed is quite aggressive.

Requirements when choosing varieties

To choose a healthy breed, you should pay attention to the following points:

  • Selecting breeding breeds with clear origin, choosing the same age for them to grow together, this is especially important when farmers intend to breed hybrids.
  • The breeding stock must be healthy, the skin is not scratched, and there is no disease.
  • Immediately remove from the herd those with the following symptoms: deformity or blindness, the pubic, tail, and 4 beak legs are deformed.
  • Farmers should choose three or three children about 4 months old with a body weight of at least 100g/head.
  • Choosing a male: Must have a thin body, long tail out of the shell, you can use your hands to touch the claws directly on the end of the tomorrow, you will not be as wavy as the female.
  • Selection of females: Must choose those with round or oval bodies, shorter tails than males. Swiping the carapace towards the end will be rougher than the male.
  • In addition, if you don’t see them in the mud when you drop them into the pond, it is a sign of poor quality.
Three breeds need to choose and buy healthy ones at a reputable supplier
Three breeds need to choose and buy healthy ones at a reputable supplier

Farming ponds, tanks

They belong to the class of friendly reptiles, breathe through their lungs, live in aquatic environments and lay eggs on land. They live at the water level at the bottom of the pond and like to huddle in the surrounding hollows and embankments. People can build a cement tank to raise turtles, creating an environment similar to a natural pond but need to ensure the following requirements:

  • Location: Quiet, not crowded, with favorable conditions for supply and consumption. The best pond should be the most rectangular in shape.
  • Area: 100-200m2, should not build too large ponds over 600m2 will be difficult to manage. About 1.5 -2m deep, should not be too deep.
  • Quality of mud in the pond: It is silty soil, sandy soil or clay loam soil to ensure that the environment in the pond is not too acidic. The pH in water is about 7-8 .
  • Bottom: There should be a certain inclination towards drainage. About 20% of the pond bottom area has a layer of fine sand 0.15 – 0.2m . thick
  • Pond banks: Should be built with bricks or big rocks firmly, without subsidence, cracks. The distance from the water surface to the top must be built 0.4 – 0.5m high, on the top of the bank there is a 10 – 15cm wide ledge to prevent them from crawling up. It is possible to fill the ground on the shore, plant grass or cover gravel to prevent the turtle from laying eggs.
  • The edge of the pond: Build 1-2 more creeks, build floating embankments in the pond or drop them in the middle of the pond with bamboo and wooden rafts for them to rest in the sun.
  • Spawning place: the spawning post is about 1-1.5m2 wide for about 15-20 eggs to lay. Around the spawning ground should be built 0.5 – 0.6m high. The spawning ground for the turtles is created right next to the pond by digging many holes with a layer of fine, porous sand suitable for them to make nests. The spawning ground must be quiet, shaded by trees or covered to prevent waterlogging when it rains.
  • Water quality: The water in the pond must be clean, and have been eradicated from pathogens before stocking. The culture tank from the 2nd year must be cleaned to prepare a sandy substrate.
  • Water temperature: Maintain from 25-30 degrees Celsius, if below 20 or above 32 degrees will affect health, make them eat poorly, grow slowly.
In ponds that raise turtles, they need to be fully designed according to standards
In ponds that raise turtles, they need to be fully designed according to standards

Time of stocking, stocking density

In the model of raising tortoiseshell seed production in the North, the stocking season is from March to October.

For the grow-out model, the appropriate stocking season is from February to March every year. The average spawning density of 1m2 is used for 10-15 triplets.

If raising in family scale, farmers can stock at the density of 0.5 – 1 head/m2 (however the yield is not high). Animals are raised in the direction of intensive farming, with an appropriate density of about 4-5 animals/m2 .

For broodstock breeding: from hatching to 35 days old, stocking density is from 20 to 30 animals/m2. In the period from 35 days old to 90 days old, the stocking density is 10-15 animals/m2.

Daddy’s food

What do you guys eat? This is a question that many households when starting to raise turtles need answers to provide maximum nutrition for them to grow quickly. The food source of the tortoise is quite rich, divided into 3 main groups:

  • Food derived from fresh animals

Including all kinds of sea fish crumbs, snapper fish, spirit fish, trash fish, catfish, ditch fish; molluscs such as snails, snails, yellow snails, stuffed snails, mussels, mussels, donkeys; Inexpensive shrimp and crabs; insects such as silkworm pupae, earthworms, earthworms; waste products from poultry slaughterhouses…

Dad often eats food that is small fresh animals
Dad often eats food that is small fresh animals

Some types of cheap dry food such as pale fish, pale shrimp have been processed and dried as reserve food for baba in the season of scarcity or change in weather, causing a shortage of fresh food sources.

  • Food source from by-products

Many households raising tortoiseshell use industrially produced feed and bran pellets to fatten the tortoise for meat. However, at present, our country has not yet produced an industrial feed specifically for raising baba, so although it contains a very high protein content, maybe up to 50-55%, but most of it is imported, so the cost is imported. very expensive fees.

Care and nurture

Breeding turtles should maintain a male-female ratio in the pond of 1: 3. Do not release too many males because they aggressively compete for females, which will cause conflicts and damage the mating process.

Pay attention to change the pond water in the summer to keep the pond water clean. Farmers should not change a series of water that will make them difficult to adapt, change gradually, every day put in the tank from 20-50% of the water in the pond, after 12-15 days, change all the water, clean the bottom of the tank. feed. Drain the water in slowly. In winter, the water is changed only once a month.

During the winter, just change the water in the pond once a month
During the winter, just change the water in the pond once a month

If there is leftover food, it should be cleaned up to avoid breeding pathogens.

People should make a sunshade and rain cover for their father.

If you want to harvest and sell, you should drain the water to catch or use a net to dredge, so you should harvest in the early morning. When catching, be gentle to avoid injuring them.

Ba ba is easily stolen, so when raising, people need to check regularly or use dogs to guard the pond.

Ba ba always find a way to escape, so the pond embankment needs to be built firmly, controlling the water level, especially after rain.

Pay attention to the water temperature to adjust the amount of food for them, specifically:

+ Above 30 degrees C food amount = 1/10 body weight.

+ 25 – 29 degrees Celsius of food = 7 – 8% of body weight

+ 20 – 25 degrees C food amount = 4 – 5% body weight.

+ Under 20 degrees C, Ba Ba eat very little.

+ From 10 degrees Celsius or less, the three will stop eating.

Prevention and treatment of some common diseases in baba

Baba in the wild or raised in ponds with low density are less susceptible to diseases. However, when raised commercially with high density, raised in cement tanks, the management is not good, they are very susceptible to diseases, the disease spreads quickly, causing mass death and enormous damage.

They still need periodic disease prevention to achieve the highest yield
They still need periodic disease prevention to achieve the highest yield

Prevention for father and mother:

  • Change pond water seasonally to ensure that the water source is always clean and does not cause pathogens.
  • Many people, when starting to raise three or three children until 3 months old, die without knowing the cause. In fact, when they hatch, they are exposed to umbilical cords, infected or too densely stocked. You must strictly control this stage.
  • If there are sick animals in the pond, they need to be caught, raised separately, and treated with drugs.
  • Some farming places also use wild clams to crush and drop them in areas where they often travel to prevent diarrhea and scabies.

With the amount of information we share, we hope you will have more useful techniques for raising turtles. I wish you success in building a model of raising your father.

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