When going to Cam Lam district, Khanh Hoa province, you will encounter a scene drawn by mango trees. This will be an unforgettable experience when you set foot in this land – the land of mango trees. You will enjoy a different mango taste, a mango taste that has experienced the harsh sun and wind of a central coastal region. The taste that will not be found anywhere else but Cam Lam district, Cam Lam mango flavor will make you hard to forget.
Cam Lam has a rather special location, when it is located between two cities under the province, Nha Trang and Cam Ranh along National Highway 1A. Back to Khanh Son District – A place famous for growing durian – a tree that was previously only found in the Mekong Delta. The East connects the East Sea with Bai Dai. Cam Lam district is not only famous for the North Cam Ranh peninsula tourist area with a long curved beach, located on the road connecting Nha Trang city and Cam Ranh airport. But also famous for Cam Lam mango flavor.
Mango tree is one of the main agricultural crops of Cam Lam District (60% of the area under mango cultivation in the province) in particular and of Khanh Hoa province in general. The sandy soil along with the harsh climate makes the cultivation of crops ineffective. That is why Mango Cam Lam has branded throughout the country. Referring to Cam Lam, in addition to Bai Dai, there are Mangoes in Cam Lam.
Cam Lam district is a key area for mango growing in Khanh Hoa province with a total area of about 5,000 hectares. There are many types of Cam Lam mangoes, but the main focus is on agricultural mangoes, the rest are Hoa Loc sand mangoes; Australian mango Khanh Hoa…
Farming mango [hay còn gọi là xoài tây] are mostly old, 30-40 years old. With the current selling price of agricultural mango is about 7,000 VND/kg.
In Cam Lam district with over 3,000 hectares of Australian mangoes for export. The output of Australian mango exports is about 500-700 tons/year. China is the main market for this mango. Over the years, the price of mangoes has always reached a high level, sometimes reaching up to 120,000 VND/kg, helping people earn hundreds of millions of VND in profit/ha per year.
The prices of Cat Hoa Loc and Khanh Hoa Australian Mangoes are higher than those of farmed mangoes. That’s why people are switching mangoes to farming [xoài thường] to grow Australian mangoes and Cat mangoes.
Origin of Australian mango tree in Cam Lam, Khanh Hoa
When it comes to Australian mango Khanh Hoa, people here will immediately mention a man named John Ed. Morton, about 60 years old, Australian – Chairman of the Queesland Fruit Association (Australia) – Chairman and CEO Director of EMU Agricultural Products Company. The man spent most of his life with the Australian mango tree in the state of Queensland.
When he came to Vietnam, Mr. John Ed.Morton met Mr. Nguyen Minh Chau – Director of the Southern Fruit Institute and was advised by Mr. Chau: “With the characteristics of the Australian mango variety, the land of Cam Ranh/Cam Lam, Khanh Hoa is the most suitable”. And an important reason why he chose Cam Lam is that the mango grown here will be out of season compared to the mango grown in Australia.
At the end of 2002, John Ed.Morton went to Suoi Dau, Khanh Hoa province to learn about soil and gas. At that time, he expressed his wish to experiment with Australian mango varieties and asked for cooperation and help from the local government.
At the same time, Khanh Hoa Provincial High-Tech Agriculture Center introduced Australian mango varieties [Xoài của nước Úc] on trial planting in Cam Lam district. Through research and trial planting, the center has selected Mangiferraindica (R2E2) variety. After that, this mango variety was transplanted with local mango roots, and then planted as a demonstration in the center’s garden since 2003.
After only a few years of thin seeding, this mango gives unexpected results. By April 2018, this mango variety was replicated on 4,200 ha/ 6,000 ha of mango plantations (while in 2015 there were only 800 ha).
Outstanding advantages of Australian Mango variety R2E2
Mango variety R2E2 has superiority in drought tolerance, good disease resistance. Not only that, the variety also gives large, round shapes that are eye-catching with a special pink and red color. When ripe, it has a bright yellow color, a characteristic aroma with a yellow indentation that blocks the sweet taste, small seeds and very little fiber.
Weight of mango R2E2 from 0.5-1.6kg/fruit. On average, each tree yields about 70kg. Planting after 3 years begins to bear fruit and from the 5th year onwards, it gives a stable harvest with a yield of 8-10 tons/ha. Mango variety R2E2 is easy to grow, people need to ensure the planting distance between trees is 6m, between rows is 9m for optimal growth.
In addition, the thick mango peel makes it very convenient to store and transporta, suitable for export. Currently, Khanh Hoa Australian mango products have been exported to 6 countries and territories, namely Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore, Hong Kong (China), Dubai (United Arab Emirates – UAE), contributing to bringing source of income for local people.
As mentioned above, the Australian mango Khanh Hoa has the main consumption market is China. The Chinese especially like this fruit because the beautiful fruit resembles the image of a fairy peach in their country.
It can be said that Australian mango and mango farming has become a symbol of the countryside of Cam Lam – Khanh Hoa. Referring to Australian mango, we know the hometown of Cam Lam Khanh Hoa.