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Wild Boar Breeding Techniques For High Meat Quality

Wild boar is a species of wild pig that has been raised quite commonly in Vietnam. That development stems from the fact that wild boar meat is delicious, with low fat, not greasy and especially has a “mountainous” flavor. Wild boar farming techniques The following information will provide useful information to farms and farmers raising wild boar.

How to choose wild boar

  • Selection of boars

Boars are selected and purchased at 6 months of age and used when they reach 7-8 months of age. Do not use young males because they are young.

Test and evaluate the performance of boars through the appearance and physicality of the individual. All boars have good breed-specific traits such as:

+ Bar head, long face, straight back, slim belly.

+ 4 tall, straight and solid legs. The mane is erect and runs from the neck to the back.

+ The testicles are clearly visible, large and well-balanced, with good elasticity.

+ Very high fervor.

+ High number of children born/raised.

+ Being “wild”, fierce.

Selection of male wild boar must ensure factors such as bar head, long snout, erect hair, fierce appearance, high aggressiveness.
Selection of male wild boar must ensure factors such as bar head, long snout, erect hair, fierce appearance, high aggressiveness.
  • Selection of breeding sows

The gilts were purchased at 4-6 months of age. From this herd of gilts, tests and evaluations will be carried out to make sows reproductive.

When selecting breeding sows, there must be no defects, if any, it will affect the ability to reproduce and raise offspring. Need to pay attention to 3 parts: genitals, breasts and skeleton. Selected sows should meet the following minimum requirements:

+ Genital organs: The entire herd of gilts has normal development of sex organs in both body and activity.

+ Breasts: Make sure to have enough breasts to feed a large number of cubs. Wild boars have 5 pairs of udders evenly arranged on each side, sows with warped, dry or boar breasts will not choose or be re-evaluated.

+ Bones: The skeleton and 4 legs are strong, strong, agile and flexible. Do not choose gilts with weak legs because it will affect later mating, laying and rearing.

The number of children born is high.

+ Do not eat children.

Wild boars must show no signs of disability
Wild boars must show no signs of disability

Wild boar management

  • Management of gilts

The gilts are selected from lines with good reproductive ability and rearing offspring. There are sows whose first estrus age is very early: 4.5 months of age. However, in fact, we should skip the first 1-2 estrus, usually waiting until the 3rd estrus will give the first mating to increase the level of ovulation.

+ Wild boars only go into heat for 2-3 days. In the first day of estrus, the pig’s vulva is red and swollen, the vaginal opening has a thin mucus, or jumps on the back of another pig and has a mating reflex like a male. language. Therefore, the best way to detect sows in heat is to put a male in the sow pen. The boar will quickly find out which sow is in heat.

+ The next day, the female pig’s vulva was less swollen, changed from pinkish red to pale purple, the mucus was thicker. The state of standing still, high restlessness. When the pig is lying down or standing, press the butt to make the pig stand still and raise the tail to one side. This is the best time to breed sows.

It is necessary to manage the gilts well to correct the oestrus date
It is necessary to manage the gilts well to correct the oestrus date
  • Management of breeding sows

Mating management: the time to detect estrus is a very important indicator that affects the conception rate. If mating too early or too late, the conception rate and the number of offspring born in the nest are rapidly reduced. Normally, boars will be inseminated directly on the 2nd day since estrus is detected.

The male/female ratio is also a very important indicator that affects the quality and shelf life of boars. The sow/boar ratio is 5:1 for mature males and 3:1 for young males (under 1 year of age).

Pregnancy detection: mated sows are monitored if, after 18-25 days after mating, there is no return of estrus, it can be concluded that the sow is pregnant.

  • Management of farrowing pigs

When near farrowing, the mother pig separates, looks for a place and creates her own nest from materials such as dry straw, twigs, dry leaves, etc. It is recommended to choose and gather the litter in hidden, quiet, warm places. Dry and discreet is best.

In order for wild boar to give birth on their own, however, the breeder needs to be present when the pig gives birth to assist when needed. The average birth time between two piglets is 10-15 minutes, unless there are problems.

After farrowing, the mother pig will raise the piglets in the farrowing house until weaning, an average of about 1.5 months.
After farrowing, the mother pig will raise the piglets in the farrowing house until weaning, an average of about 1.5 months.

After weaning the piglets for 4-5 days, the sows show signs of estrus again, but at this time we should not breed because we vaccinate at the same time this period helps the sows recover in heat. You will have a better pregnancy later.

Wild boar food

  1. Green food

Forage includes banana plants, corn stalks, vegetables of all kinds (including spinach, flying vegetables, etc.), chayote, papaya, etc. In addition, use medicinal plants as feed for pigs to prevent disease. Gastrointestinal diseases include:

  • Types of livestock such as: elephant grass, VA06 grass, large leaf lemongrass grass, super bmr sorghum grass, mulato II grass, stylo grass, ruzi grass, paspalum grass…
  • Jade tree.
  • Giant tea tree.
  • Purple flower tree (little princess tree).
  • The pot plant.
  • Black alum (black alum).
  • Gentian.
  1. How to use medicinal plants for pigs?

+ New born can’t eat or get sick if you have diarrhea, we use 5 guava leaf buds, 1 ginseng leaves, 1 black alum leaves, 1 pot leaf and 1 cup of pounded water for piglets to drink directly. next.

+ If the piglets already know how to eat, feed the piglets directly with guava leaves, bitter melon leaves, black alum and black pot leaves, but mainly guava leaves.

When there are signs of diarrhea, pigs should directly eat the above medicinal plants.

In the daily diet, pigs should also eat medicinal plants to prevent diarrhea.

– When we see signs of diarrhea, we must always eat medicinal plants.

Normally, when changing the diet, we should also feed pigs with medicinal plants to prevent diarrhea.

In very severe cases, antibiotics are used to treat.

Wild boars can eat more Southern medicinal plants to support treatment
Wild boars can eat more Southern medicinal plants to support treatment
  1. Starchy food

Starchy foods include: rice bran, cassava, potatoes, corn flour…

– Protein supplement foods include beans of all kinds (soybeans, lychee beans…), dried fish…especially earthworms.

– Other food supplements including mineral premix powder, vitamins …

Veterinary work and disease prevention measures for wild boars

  1. Factors affecting the susceptibility of pigs to disease

– Sudden change in living conditions, stress effects…

– Long-distance transportation, change of barn and farming environment.

– Food and drinking water are not hygienic and of good quality.

– Parasites live parasitic.

Harmful bacteria enter the body.

  1. General principles of hygiene and prevention

  • Regularly clean, disinfect, and disinfect livestock cages.
  • How to clean the barn

+ The cage has 2 cages when washing the cage, we should wash 1 compartment before the other compartment to let the pigs come over. After the washing compartment is dry, sprinkle safeguard powder on the floor of the cage, then we move the pigs and wash the other compartment and do the same as the previous compartment.

+ After each batch, it is necessary to clean and disinfect and leave it blank for 3-5 days before bringing in another litter.

  • Newly purchased pigs must be isolated in a separate area for 15-20 days before entering the herd.
  • Limit people and foreign objects into the breeding area, avoid bringing pathogens from other areas into the breeding area.
Wild boar cages need to be cleaned periodically and disinfected regularly
Wild boar cages need to be cleaned periodically and disinfected regularly
  1. Infected pigs usually show 1 of the following symptoms

+ Skipping or eating poorly.

+ Moodiness, lying in one place or sedentary, high fever, drinking a lot of water.

Blurry eyes, furry, cough, difficulty breathing, shortness of breath, diarrhea or constipation.

  1. Treatment measures

+ Isolate sick pigs for monitoring.

+ Strengthening measures to clean and disinfect the barn.

+ Do not transport sick animals.

We hope with what we share. Your experience and technique of taking care of and raising wild boars will be improved more than before. Thank you for your interest in following the article.

Emilia Chaney
Emilia Chaneyhttps://agrisearch.net
My name is Emilia Chaney. I'm a social girl from Romania with a big smile and 3 passions: Agriculture, Travel and Social Media. I try to make this blog practical, full of great advice and inspiring ideas.

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