Home Agriculture Farming What’s so special about Breeding Quail and Meat Quail?

What’s so special about Breeding Quail and Meat Quail?

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What's so special about Breeding Quail and Meat Quail?

Quail eggs and quail meat are nutritious foods that are very popular with Vietnamese people. From the high demand of consumers, the breeding quail breeding model has been replicated nationwide, helping many families improve their economic life and get rich. In this article, we will guide you quail farming techniques laying eggs and meat quail achieve high productivity and bring the best economic efficiency.

How to raise quail to lay eggs

  1. Quail cage

Currently, quails are mainly raised according to the industrial model with a closed cage system from the time of importation to the time of sale. The breeding quail cage is divided into 2 areas:

This is an area for raising young birds, the size of the incubator depends on the size of the farm. However, it is usually located at an average level of about 1.5 x 1 x 0.5 m (length x width x height) and the base of the cage is 0.5 m high. Cage frame made of steel or wood and fins of 1 x 1 cm square wire mesh.

Design the cage according to the recommended size of 1 x 2 x 0.5 m (length x width x height) to house 20-25 female quails. This type of cage can be placed directly on the floor or placed on a wooden frame with a slope of about 3 degrees so that the eggs roll out when the birds lay, the bottom of the cage is made of a mesh small enough to allow feces to pass through and the birds can easily move. The roof of the cage is made of soft material because quail often jump, so it is easy to hurt the head.

Quail is a dry-loving species, so it is necessary to design the cage in a cool area, avoid moisture, not be drafty and have a roof to protect from rain and sun. In addition to the above cage design, it is possible to raise quails to lay on the background, but this method has many disadvantages and is less popular, so it will not be mentioned in the article.

The quail cage is divided into a nursery for young birds and an area for large birds
The quail cage is divided into a nursery for young birds and an area for large birds
  1. Select breed quail

Currently, there are many places that provide quail breeding, so finding a place to buy is quite easy. The problem lies in the selection of good seed. The first thing to keep in mind when you want to develop a flock of birds is to avoid inbreeding. Male and female quails of the same lineage must be separated before being introduced into the flock for breeding pairing. Currently, farms that supply quail seed have an average price of about:

When selecting seed quail, only healthy, agile, deformed, agile individuals are accepted and selected for breeding at about 25-30 days old. How to choose male and female quails will not be the same:

For quail, the male is smaller than the female, it is necessary to choose individuals with smooth feathers, smooth skin, small head, short beak, long neck, weighing about 70-90 g when reaching reproductive age.

Select female quail with small neck, smooth hair, wide pelvis, red-pink anus, hatched cyst, weight >100 g.

  1. Techniques for raising quail to lay eggs

Female quails begin to lay at about 60 days old and lay continuously throughout the year. However, according to the experience of long-term households, quails should only be inbred and laid eggs when the female is at least 3 months old, mating earlier can lead to rapid decline in flock quality.

Usually quails are about 60 days old when they start laying their first eggs
Usually quails are about 60 days old when they start laying their first eggs

Quail when starting to lay can produce about 270-300 eggs/year. The female bird will lay 1 egg per day, so it is necessary to provide enough nutrition for the bird to maintain the frequency of reproduction. Feed can be mixed according to the formula 2.5 corn – 1 rice – 1 bran – 1 fish meal. Each day adult quail eat about 25 g of food and drink about 60 ml of water.

After selecting the best individuals to breed for the next generation, people have to separate the birds of the same lineage to avoid inbreeding that reduces the quality of the next generation. Breeding quails will be raised until 3 months of age, then start pairing and mating for quail to lay eggs.

How to raise baby quail and meat quail

  1. How to raise newly hatched quail (1-25 days old)

After hatching, young quails will be immediately put into the incubator and heated to maintain body temperature. The first week kept the incubator at 34oC and decreased by 3oC every week until the 4th week. The brooding density also decreased gradually over time, the first week was 200 birds/m2 and each week decreased by 50 animals until the 4th week.

At this stage, birds are not actively looking for food sources and the birds are still small, so they have to put food and water troughs inside the cage. People can mix corn – rice – bran pellets in the ratio of 2 – 2 – 1 to make the main food. In addition, young birds need additional vitamins to strengthen their resistance, you can mix Premix minerals in food or mix in drinking water.

Feed and water troughs are placed around the cage to ensure that all animals have food. Troughs are made of soft flexible material, size 50 x 5 x 5 cm or shorter. Each young bird eats about 10-15g of food/day and drinks about 30ml of water.

Newly hatched quails require more care than adults
Newly hatched quails require more care than adults
  1. How to raise meat quail

From the 25th day after hatching, individuals that are not expected to have good fertility will be separated into the meat culture. At this time, quails were fed freely day and night for fattening and released at 45 days of age. The density of meat quail is about 60 units/m2.

The diet of meat quail needs to add starch to gain weight quickly, the formula for mixing food is 4 corn – 1 rice – 1 bran. In addition, it is still necessary to supplement vitamins and minerals for the herd.

Prevention of diseases in quail flocks

Quail is a very resistant species. However, the prevention of diseases for birds must be done fully and regularly. Regularly clean the barn, keep the cage warm but airy. Limit the flock’s contact with strange birds.

Quail cages need to be cleaned regularly to avoid pathogens
Quail cages need to be cleaned regularly to avoid pathogens

Through the content of the article on quail farming techniques that we share. We hope that farmers can successfully apply this model of raising quail with high economic efficiency.

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