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What Is The New Chili Cultivation Technique For Outstanding Efficiency?

How to grow chili peppers

Chili is a crop with high economic efficiency, the time from planting to harvest is short, so it is easy to recover the investment. Currently, the chili growing area in our country is expanding in many provinces. However, in order to achieve the highest profit, in addition to choosing the right varieties, farmers must also comply with certain requirements on standards. The content of today’s article will help you gain more experience in Chili growing techniques. Do not rush

Soil conditions for growing chili

Chili plants are suitable for well-drained, porous and humus-rich soil such as: sandy soil, clay loam soil, riverside alluvial soil and rice cultivation land. Soil has a good nutrient content – ​​rich, soil pH = 5.5-6.5. The land is plowed and harrowed to a depth of 20-30cm and dried.

– Beds: Up to 15-20cm high beds, 40-50cm wide beds (single row planting), 1-1.2cm wide beds (double rows).

– Soil preparation techniques: Thoroughly plowing, plowing 20-25cm deep, drying for 10-15 days, planting beds 20cm high and 1m wide. (can be higher or wider depending on the land).

The soil for growing chili needs to ensure good aeration, rich in sawdust, to porous
The soil for growing chili needs to ensure good aeration, rich in sawdust, to porous

Season

– Chili plants can be grown all year round in places with favorable conditions;

– Chili plants are suitable for high temperatures from 25-300C, so it is advisable to arrange spring-summer crops to give high yields.

Choose varieties

Hot chili peppers have many varieties such as: Siamese chili, sky chili, black chili pepper, yellow chili pepper, buffalo horn chili (large fruit, medium spicy); dangerous chili (a lot of spicy)…

Planting

Seeds soaked 3 boiled 2 cold for 12 hours, taken out, cleaned and incubated for 2-3 days, seeds sprouted, sowed in nursery beds or sown in porous pots, cared for, watered, kept moist and prevented from pests. Seedlings, after the seedlings reach 20-25 days old, they are uprooted and planted in the production garden. Before pulling, it is necessary to squeeze the water for 5-6 days, water it for 4-6 hours, then plant it right in the morning or in the afternoon.

Planting density: In a single row, plants are planted 50-60 cm apart in each row, and in double rows, plants are planted 50-55 cm apart and 55-65 cm apart.

Peppers need to be sown in beds with the right density
Peppers need to be sown in beds with the right density

Caring and fertilizing

Fertilizer

Chili plants produce fruit continuously for a long time, so it is necessary to apply a large amount of fertilizer and divide it into several times a year.

Average fertilizer for 1ha (depending on the soil and the season, increase or decrease the amount of fertilizer accordingly):

– Fertilizer when making soil: 1000kg of lime, 8-10 tons of manure, 500kg of superphosphate, 30kg of Potassium, 20kg of Calcium nitrate, 100-150kg of NPK fertilizer (16-16-8).

– Fertilization is divided into 4 times with the following amount of fertilizer (1ha):

First time: 20-25 days after planting: 40kg Urea + 30kg Potassium + 100kg NPK (16-16-8) + 20kg Calcium nitrate.

2nd time: When chili has set fruit evenly: 60kg Urea + 50kg Potassium + 100 – 120kg NPK (16-16-8) + 20kg Calcium nitrate.

3rd time: When starting to collect fruit: 60kg Urea + 50kg Potassium, 100 – 150kg NPK (16-16-8) + 30kg Calcium nitrate.

4th time: When harvested in full bloom: 40kg Urea + 40kg Potassium, 100-150kg NPK (16-16-8) + 30kg Calcium nitrate.

Sprinklers

In the rainy season, it is necessary to ensure good drainage, in the dry season, water must be fully watered, if there is straw or dry grass, the original cabinet keeps the plants moist.

In order for chili to grow well, it is necessary to provide adequate water in the dry season
In order for chili to grow well, it is necessary to provide adequate water in the dry season

Pruning branches

Prune off branches and leaves below the branching point so that the pepper plant spreads widely and the root is well ventilated, prune branches with pests and diseases, branches should be pruned in dry weather, pruned with scissors to limit broken branches disease-prone plants.

Scaffold

For varieties with wide and high foliage, it is advisable to build a truss to prevent the tree from falling, breaking branches, prolonging the harvest time, and limiting fruit diseases caused by falling.

Pest control

Chili plants have many pests and diseases, so it is recommended to apply integrated control measures for high yield and economic efficiency.

Clean fields, limit weeds and host plants of chili pests; Crop rotation, do not plant nightshade for 2-3 years; Select disease resistant varieties; planting medium density; Increase fertilizing manure, NPK balanced fertilizer; Prune branches and leaves for ventilation, collect diseased branches and leaves for destruction; Avoid planting peppers during the rainy season outdoors.

Protect natural enemies, catch worms by hand, use traps to repel or attract insects.

When pests and diseases are severe, use plant protection drugs, give priority to biological drugs or use antifungal preparations against bacteria and fungi to spray control. Use chemical drugs on the list of permitted use for chili plants and spray according to the instructions for use on the manufacturer’s packaging.

Currently, chemical insecticides are still widely used to control pests and diseases for chili plants
Currently, chemical insecticides are still widely used to control pests and diseases for chili plants

+ Aphids

Lives concentrated on young shoots and undersides of young leaves, sucking sap, causing young buds to sag, leaves curled, yellowed, plants do not grow.

Prevention: Using drugs with active ingredients Imidacloprid, Abamectin

+ Anthracnose disease

The disease causes mass leaf rot, severe disease in the rainy season, the disease usually appears when the fruit is ripe, severe disease can cause green fruit, causing fruit drop or unusable harvest.

Prevention: Use drugs with active ingredients Chlorothalonil or Metiram Complex 550g/kg + Pyraclostrobin 50g/kg (95% min) or Ningnanmycin for prevention.

+ White spot disease

The disease affects mainly on old leaves to old leaves. The lesions are small at first with a dark green color, then the lesions gradually become white, with a dark brown border. Severe disease causes early leaf fall, reduced yield, and small fruit. Using drugs with active ingredient Ningnanmycin to prevent

The disease occurs scattered on each tree or groups of trees in the middle of the field. The first symptom on older plants is slight wilting of the lower leaves; but in seedlings, the young leaves wilt first. In the cool afternoon or early morning the tree wakes up, after a few days the tree withers quickly but the leaves are still green.

Prevention: For bacterial diseases, when new plants have mild symptoms, we use EM (Emina) fungus products to prevent the disease from spreading to other plants. If the disease is severe, destroy the diseased tree and spray the diseased tree cavity with EM or sprinkle with lime.

The content of the last article is our sharing about chili growing techniques. Hopefully with this article, readers can easily start growing their own healthy, high-yielding chili plants.

Emilia Chaney
Emilia Chaneyhttps://agrisearch.net
My name is Emilia Chaney. I'm a social girl from Romania with a big smile and 3 passions: Agriculture, Travel and Social Media. I try to make this blog practical, full of great advice and inspiring ideas.

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