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What is microbial fertilizer? Should bio-fertilizers be used?

Learn about microbial fertilizers

You may not know, microbial fertilizer is one of the fertilizers that are increasingly being used with long-term effectiveness. Especially, this fertilizer has the nature of beneficial microorganisms, so it is safe for human and animal health. You may not be fully aware of this strange fertilizer yet? So let’s find out microbial fertilizer and the outstanding advantages of this fertilizer through the following article.

What is microbial fertilizer?
What is microbial fertilizer?
  1. What is microbial fertilizer?

Indeed, the nature of microbial fertilizer is a biological product containing beneficial microorganisms for soil and plants such as bacteria, actinomycetes, fungi, etc.

A microbial fertilizer can contain 1 or many different strains of microorganisms at the same time. The density of the microorganism strain must be ensured according to the standard density of the management agencies.

The use of microbial fertilizers is to produce multi, medium and trace mineral elements for plants, and at the same time improve the soil. Looking through this fertilizer gives a slower effect than inorganic chemical fertilizers. But in the long run, microbial fertilizers protect soil resources, increase soil texture, are safe for health, and are environmentally friendly.

Farmers need to distinguish between microbial fertilizers and microbial organic fertilizers. These are essentially 2 types of fertilizers with different nature, microbial density and effectiveness:

  • Microbial organic fertilizer is produced from the process of mixing and fermenting useful organic compounds such as manure, peat, bagasse, etc. with microorganisms. And organic fertilizer is a preparation containing beneficial microorganisms, using only fillers, not organic compounds.
  • There are only three main types of microorganisms present in organic fertilizers: nitrogen fixation, phosphorus-degrading and humus-degrading microorganisms. Meanwhile, microbial organic fertilizers are more diverse in microbial strains
  • Regarding the method of use, microbial organic fertilizer can only be applied directly to the soil. And microbiological fertilizers, in addition to applying directly to the soil, can also be impregnated into seeds or roots before planting
Microbiological fertilizers are biological products containing beneficial microorganisms
Microbiological fertilizers are biological products containing beneficial microorganisms
  1. Classification of microbial fertilizers

Depending on the strains of microorganisms, microbial fertilizers are classified as follows:

Nitrogen-fixing microbial fertilizer (Nitrogen fixation)

  • Ingredient: ingredients containing one or a mixture of nitrogen-fixing microorganisms
  • Classification of microorganisms: free-living nitrogen-fixing microorganisms in soil and water and fixed microorganisms that ensure symbiosis and symbiosis with plants
  • User manual: impregnate seeds and roots with fertilizer before planting, in the growing stage, it should be used in combination with fertilizer, can be applied directly before harvesting.
  • Effective: Fixing nitrogen in the air converts to nitrogen in the soil, providing nitrogen for plant roots, reducing pests and diseases, and balancing organic nutrients for the soil.

Microbial fertilizer that converts and decomposes phosphorus

  • Ingredients: contains microorganisms that metabolize and decompose phosphorus
  • Instructions for use: impregnated with roots before sowing, can be used as fertilizer in the stage of branch and leaf development, applied directly a few days before harvesting.
  • Efficacy: breaking down insoluble phosphorus compounds and converting them into easily absorbable forms for plant growth and development, and resistance to weather and pests.

(5 benefits of composted cow dung for vegetable – flower – ornamental garden)

Microbiological fertilizers can be impregnated with seeds or roots before planting
Microbiological fertilizers can be impregnated with seeds or roots before planting

Cellulose humus-degrading microbial fertilizer

  • Ingredient: contain one or a mixture of dehumidifying microorganisms
  • User manual: Direct fertilization during the growth and development, flowering, and fruiting stages of plants helps to increase yield, can be applied a few days before harvesting without affecting the quality of the finished product.
  • Effective: Provide nutrients for plants from the decomposition of humus in the soil into beneficial compounds, increase soil fertility, help plants fight pests, increase yield

In general, we can see that the name of each type of microbial fertilizer depends on the strain of microorganisms present in that fertilizer. All types of microbial fertilizers have long-lasting effects, can be applied directly before the harvest date without affecting the quality of the finished product.

Therefore, instead of using harmful chemical fertilizers, farmers can consult more and switch to using beneficial microbial fertilizers.

Bio-fertilizer products are popular in the market
Bio-fertilizer products are popular in the market

Hopefully, through useful sharing from us, you can better understand the nature and effects of microbial fertilizers in farming. Do not forget to choose reputable suppliers to use high-quality, reasonable-priced microbial fertilizers.

Reference

Open composting technology in the production of microbial organic cow manure

Choose to buy high quality microbial compost products

Emilia Chaney
Emilia Chaneyhttps://agrisearch.net
My name is Emilia Chaney. I'm a social girl from Romania with a big smile and 3 passions: Agriculture, Travel and Social Media. I try to make this blog practical, full of great advice and inspiring ideas.

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