Home Agriculture Farming Tips for High Yield Planting Techniques for Lychee

Tips for High Yield Planting Techniques for Lychee

Tips for High Yield Planting Techniques for Lychee

Lychee is a precious fruit tree, ripe fruits are delicious and nutritious, with high economic value. Lychee is a precious fruit tree, the ripe fruit is delicious and nutritious, especially for the brain, has the effect of treating intestinal diseases. Planting litchi not only produces fruit but also provides a good source of honey for beekeeping and for good timber. Dried and boxed fabrics are high value export items. Here, AgriSearch.net will guide farmers lychee growing technique for high yield, wrong fruit and few pests. Please take some time to follow the article!

Living conditions

Lychee is a perennial plant with wide adaptability. It can be grown from Nghe An, Thanh Hoa onwards. Litchi has strong roots, is drought tolerant, does not tolerate waterlogging. Litchi is a plant that is not picky about soil. Good soil for high quality yield, bad soil, hilly soil, acidic soil, if applied with a lot of organic fertilizer, litchi still grows well. Litchi requires cool, dry, sunny weather at the time of bud and bloom.

The lychee tree has the ability to live in many different environments
The lychee tree has the ability to live in many different environments

Choose the land

Lychee is not picky about soil, the most important requirement of lychee soil is drainage, thick soil layer, however, for planting with cuttings, the roots are poorly developed, put on the hill must keep good moisture and keep the soil moist. plants from root-laying to ensure a high post-planting survival rate. For hilly soils, litchi planting must be chosen where the slope is low below 25°C, it is necessary to plant along the contour lines and must have an anti-erosion tape.

Planting season

Plants are grown in two main seasons, spring and autumn. The spring crop is planted in March – April, and the autumn crop is planted in August – September every year. Planting density: 400 plants/ha, planting distance 6m x 4m.

The technique of growing lychee trees

  • Soil preparation and soil management

Land for planting Thanh Ha litchi should be flat highlands. If the soil is low-lying, you need to plant a bed to help the plant drain well and prevent waterlogging. Before planting litchi, the soil needs to be cleaned and plowed to make it loose. Some soils require treatment to remove heavy metals and de-acidify the soil. Do not graze livestock in the lychee growing garden, which can cause soil and water pollution.

Digging holes for planting lychee is no different from other crops, but it is necessary to pay attention to the soil conditions. With low land, it is recommended to dig a hole 70-80 cm wide, 70 cm deep. As for hilly soil, dig holes 70-80 cm wide, 80-100 cm deep.

The planting density of Thanh Ha lychee should be based on the area of ​​land, climate conditions and soil nutrition to determine a reasonable planting distance. The planting distance currently applied according to Vietgap standards is 7m x 7m. In the case of highly intensive farming, it is possible to plant with a denser density, but reasonable pruning measures must be applied for good growth.

The planting distance between the litchi plants should not be too thick, but also not too thin
The planting distance between the litchi plants should not be too thick, but also not too thin

This fabric originates from Thanh Ha District, Hai Duong Province. At present, here, the lychee tree is still preserved for nearly 200 years, which is preserved by the people and still gives a stable high yield. The lychee has a tall and wide canopy. Dark green leaves with small yellow flowers. The lychee has a spherical shape when ripe, it will turn from yellow green to bright red. The skin of the fabric has sparse and short spines. The fruit usually grows in clusters. It is advisable to choose healthy seedlings and well-developed roots. Remove stunted, small-leaved seedlings.

  • Dig holes and fertilize

The work of digging holes and fertilizing lychee trees must be done 1 month in advance. The principle of digging holes is that good soil digs small holes and vice versa, bad soils need to dig big holes. The minimum size for planting litchi is 0.8×0.8×0.9m. If planting in mountainous areas with barren soil, you need to dig a larger hole.

After digging, you mix about 30kg of manure, 1kg of Super Lan fertilizer and a sufficient amount of powdered lime for each hole. This amount of fertilizer is evenly mixed with the topsoil and filled with soil to the crater. The upper layer of soil covers the wall around the hole.

After preparing the planting hole, you proceed to make a small hole in the middle of the digging hole. You tear off the part of the pot and then gently put the seedling down and adjust the tree to straighten. Backfill the soil so that the root neck is about 2cm lower than the ground. You can put a stake for the tree at first when planting and tie a soft wire to fix the seedling to prevent the wind from knocking the tree over.

After planting, you proceed to water the plant immediately to provide moisture to the soil to help the plant take root quickly.

Pest control

Strong growth in March-April causes fruit drop, use Drotox, Bi 58 concentration 0.1-0.7%, Dipterex concentration 1% spray to eliminate young bugs, or choose a dark day to shake the trees, the bugs will fall down to capture and destroy.

Bugs are insects that often attack lychee plants
Bugs are insects that often attack lychee plants

Adult caterpillars are hair clippers that lay eggs on branches, young caterpillars burrow into branches, causing branches to break and dry. Use rattan spikes or steel wire to poke holes directly to kill worms. Use padan 15 SP, concentration 30-40g/10 liters of water into the wormhole.

The mouth is sucked under the leaf surface, red villi appear, cut off the damaged leaves and burn or use chemical ortors with a spray concentration of 0.05-0.1%, Bi 58 with a spray concentration of 0.1%.

Above is the information related to the technique of growing lychee we dedicated to share with farmers. People can save it to apply to the model of growing longan with high yield.



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