Passion fruit not only gives fruit but also has the effect of creating shade, making medicines in the pharmaceutical, food and cosmetic industries. High demand for use leads to an expansion in the size and area of the garden. The investment cost for 1 hectare of passion fruit is only about 70-100 million VND, the fruit is stable for 2 years, the harvest is up to hundreds of millions VND. Therefore, in order to improve productivity, reduce damage and risks, below, AgriSearch.net will provide you with Technology of growing passion fruit The most complete and detailed. Please refer.
Preparing the land for planting
Passion fruit can be grown in any terrain. Suitable for loose, porous soils rich in organic matter such as: Light soil, red basalt soil… Soil that is too acidic or too alkaline also affects the growth and development of plants.
– Clean weeds, rake to level the ground.
– On sloping terrain, drainage ditches should be made to avoid washing and erosion.
– Dig a hole of size 60 x 60 x 60cm, remove topsoil on one side. Apply lime 0.5 kg/hole, then proceed to fertilize 10-15kg of manure + 0.5 kg of phosphorus/hole. Mix well with topsoil.
Planting spacing density
Depending on soil conditions and intensive farming, planting densities can be:
400 plants/ha: Distance 5x 5m
500 plants/ha: Distance 5x 4 m
625 trees/ha: Spacing 4×4 m
Because it is a climbing plant, it is necessary to build a truss. Can be made in the style of truss loofah or T-shaped. The truss type T-shaped passion fruit grows better due to light exposure to the large canopy surface, limiting fungal diseases. It is recommended to make a 1.8-2m high truss with bamboo, wooden or concrete pillars, above it, stretch a wire mesh with a square distance of 40 x 40cm for climbing plants.
– In Lam Dong, it can be grown all year round, but the most suitable planting time is in the middle and the end of the rainy season.
– Fertilizers such as manure, micro-organisms, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, NPK … according to the appropriate dosage, mix well with the topsoil into the pit.
Use a sharp knife to cut the plastic pot, put the seedling in the middle of the hole, lightly fill with soil around the base. After planting, it is necessary to water lightly to keep moisture (if there is no rain).
Fertilizer: In addition to the amount of manure, phosphorus, and lime according to the custom, it is necessary to fertilize according to the following process: 1.5 – 2 kg of Organic Passionfruit fertilizer Buffalo head + 0.1 – 0.2 kg NPK 15-9-13 +TE Buffalo head specializes in passion fruit/tree.
Top dressing: From planting to 2-month-old seedlings: Apply: 0.1 – 0.2 kg NPK 15-9-13+TE Buffalo head specializes in passion fruit/plant for each application. Fertilize twice a month.
From 2 months old to 6 months old: Apply 0.2 – 0.3 kg NPK 15-9-13+TE Buffalo head specializes in passion fruit/tree for each application. Fertilize twice a month.
Passion fruit business period: Apply 0.1 – 0.2 kg NPK 15-9-13+TE Buffalo head specializes in passion fruit / tree for each application, combine 0.5 – 1 kg of Organic passion fruit fertilizer buffalo / tree. Fertilize twice a month.
Passion fruit tree is a plant that needs high humidity, a lot of water and often, so it is usually watered once every 2 days, especially in the dry season, it needs more water to help the plant shoot, flower and fruit continuously. It requires a lot of water in the fruiting and fruit development stage, if the lack of water will cause the flowers to drop, the fruit or the fruit to shrivel.
The pruning to create the canopy should be done regularly to create new secondary branches evenly distributed on the truss surface to help the tree flower and fruit better.
When the tree is on the truss, it is necessary to shape and trim regularly, especially during the rainy season to limit the growth of harmful fungi and to inhibit growth and help the tree to produce more buds. lots of fruit.
Pruning is carried out regularly. After harvesting, cut off all the branches on the surface of the truss that gave fruit. Leave the trunk and branches from the ground to the truss. Then the tree will produce new shoots, level 2 and 3 branches and fruit branches. If passion fruit is not completely pruned at the end of the year, next year will greatly affect growth and development, especially limiting yield.
Passion fruit often has a number of diseases such as brown spot disease, which is the most common, caused by Alternaria passiflorae, scab caused by Cladosporium horbarum, and Septoria spot disease.
Bacterial spot disease caused by bacteria Pseudomonas passiflorae;
Scabies: Caused by the fungus Septoria passiflorae.
Powdery mildew: caused by the fungus Sclerotinia sclerotiorum
Prevention: For diseases caused by fungi, drugs can be used: Daconil, Derosal, Tilt, Ridomil Gold… Powdery mildew, powdery mildew, Viaphos 80BTN, carbenzim 50HP Vicuron 250SC, Workup 9SL
Bacterial diseases: using copper-based drugs, New Kasuran, Starner…
Fruit flies Dacus dorsalis, Dacus cucurbitae. Using SOFRI protein fly killer, just spray under the canopy of each tree about 30 cm x 30 cm from the ground 0.8 – 1.0 m, or if the density of flies is low, 1 tree will spray 1 tree to spare, which will attract flies to eat and died.
Use traps to lure Methyl Eugenol (Vidubon…) or make your own with vinegar mixed with sugar and less pesticides, scattered 5-10 m away from each trap.
Red spiders, aphids: Use the drugs Nissoran, commite, Bifentox 30ND, Vibamec 1.8EC, Vineem 1500EC, supracide 40EC … the recommended dosage on the product packaging.
Thrips (Thips), planthoppers of all kinds: Vertimec, Tap Ky, Mospilan, Vineem1500EC, Confidor… for prevention.
When spraying, pay attention to avoid blooming in the early morning, affecting the pollination ability of flowers.
It is necessary to visit the field regularly to detect pests and diseases in time for effective control. Integrated control measures should be applied.
Harvest and preserve
Harvesting should be carried out simultaneously, collecting all nearly ripe and fully ripe fruits to achieve maximum fruit weight for high yield. Harvesting avoids mechanical scratches on the pods, affecting the design and harmful microorganisms entering the fruit.
Store in a cool place, choose to sort the fruit before packing for shipping.
Happy successful people!