Eggplant is an easy-to-grow agricultural variety, the plant is tolerant and can live in low-nutrient soils but still gives high yields. This is a fruit with nutritional value, good for human health, helps improve memory, good for eyes, prevents anemia, … This fruit is the raw material of many delicious dishes used in meals. daily.
Loving this vegetable, people can sow eggplant seeds, grow plants at home in the garden or in pots, Styrofoam containers to save costs, and at the same time have a source of clean and safe vegetables for the family.
1. Prepare tools, seeds and soil for planting
To grow eggplant, people can make use of pots and pots at home or use Styrofoam boxes, smart planters available outside of bonsai stores, shops selling agricultural products. For pots, basins or styrofoam containers, people drill holes in the bottom to drain water. Pots, Styrofoam containers for growing plants, people choose the type with a height of 20-25cm, at least 30cm wide.
Land for planting
Eggplant is suitable for living on porous, easy-draining, humus-rich soil with a pH of about 6. People can buy ready-made organic soil for planting or mix the soil with decayed cow manure, chicken manure, and shells. rice husk, coir, vermicompost to sow eggplant seeds.
For home-grown eggplant seeds in Styrofoam containers, people can take advantage of the seeds of the purchased eggplant to eat. However, for the seeds to germinate at a high rate, people should buy seeds at supermarkets or agricultural stores. The packaged seeds sold on the market today have been carefully selected, with a germination rate of more than 80%.
Eggplant seeds can be obtained from purchased eggplants (Source: Internet)
2. Sowing eggplant seeds and planting seedlings
Eggplant seeds have quite thick and hard shells, so people need to soak the seeds before sowing. People put eggplant seeds in cold water for about 24 – 30 hours. Then, prepare warm water about 50 degrees Celsius and then put the eggplant seeds in and soak for 1 hour. This step helps to soften the seed coat, and at the same time helps to stimulate seed germination and kill fungal diseases. After 1 hour of soaking in warm water, bring the seeds out to incubate in a damp cloth to crack the fangs and then sow.
Sowing eggplant seeds
You can sow eggplant seeds in the potting soil for the plants to germinate, grow into seedlings and then bring them to the planting ground or sow the seeds directly into the pot. Proceed to sow 2-3 seeds in potting soil. After sowing, cover with a thin layer of soil and moisten the soil with a light sprinkler.
If sowing eggplant seeds directly in pots, people sow about 5-6 seeds evenly spaced, cover with a thin layer of soil and then water to keep the soil moist, use a thin layer of straw to cover it.
Eggplant seeds sown in pots germinate, develop into seedlings with 5-6 true leaves, about 6-8cm high, then people proceed to choose healthy plants and then plant them in pots or styrofoam boxes. For direct sowing eggplant seeds in pots, when the plants grow from 5-7cm, people uproot the stunted plants, keep 1-2 healthy plants in 1 pot. After transplanting seedlings, proceed to water the plants and place them in a cool place, covered within 1 week.
Growing eggplant in pots for high yield (Source: Internet)
3. How to take care of eggplant plants
In addition to the technique of sowing eggplant seeds and planting seedlings, farmers need to pay attention to post-planting care, including watering, fertilizing, and preventing pests and diseases for plants.
Water the plants
After sowing the eggplant seeds, farmers watered the soil to keep the soil moist for the seeds to germinate. Starting from the time of replanting the seedlings into pots and styrofoam containers, in order to prevent the plants from wilting due to dehydration, people should water the eggplant plants twice a day in the early morning and in the cool of the afternoon to help prevent evaporation. country.
Once the tree has matured and thrived, people only need to water it once a day. The amount of water for irrigation can be adjusted according to demand and weather conditions. During the flowering and fruiting period, people should pay attention to add enough water to the tree. At the same time, pay attention not to water the plants too wet at night to limit the growth of fungal diseases and damage to the plants.
Fertilize eggplant plants
Before sowing eggplant seeds, at the time of planting, farmers fertilize the plants with organic fertilizers such as chicken manure and cow manure. Mix manure with soil for planting in containers, plant pots.
After planting 10-15 days, when the tree begins to grow and thrive, people need to fertilize and supplement nutrients for the tree with organic fertilizers such as vermicompost, cow manure, chicken manure, and organic fertilizer. Bounce Back dense muscle. In addition, farmers can combine the use of foliar fertilizers to help plants absorb nutrients quickly. Fertilizers that can be used include fish protein, Org Hum, Seasol, Seaweed seaweed, etc. Periodically apply every 15-20 days.
How to fertilize:
The first time: (about 1 month after planting) This time the tree has new leaves, the top buds develop, people use NPK fertilizers with high nitrogen content such as NPK 30-9-9, NPK 20- 20-15… to fertilize plants to help them develop healthy roots and stems. Mix 100 grams of fertilizer in 3 liters of water and water evenly around the base of the tree, about 20cm from the base. After watering, water again with clean water.
Second time: (40-50 days after planting): At this stage, the tree has fully developed its trunk. To prepare for the process of flowering and fruiting of the tree, people should apply inorganic fertilizers with high phosphorus and potassium content. Dilute 100 grams of NPK 15 – 5 – 20 or NPK 15 – 15 – 15 with 3 liters of water and water the plants.
When the plants are about to flower, farmers can add more foliar fertilizer Amino Quelant 05 to stimulate pollen development, and at the same time prolong the life of pollen grains to help increase pollination and overcome problems. flower drop, fruit drop of eggplant. Proceed to mix 3 teaspoons of fertilizer for 10 liters of water and then water the plants evenly, water once every 7-10 days until the fruit is as big as a little finger, then stop.
To prevent flower head rot caused by calcium-deficient eggplant plants, farmers can supplement the plants with treated eggshells.
Plant pest control
After sowing eggplant seeds, when the plants grow into seedlings, mature, flower and bear fruit, they all need to pay attention to pest and disease prevention.
Eggplant plants are often attacked by pests such as green planthoppers, thrips, greenworms, borers, red spiders. These pests often concentrate on the underside of leaves and young shoots, sucking sap, making it difficult for plants to grow. They are also the vectors of leaf mosaic disease in eggplant. Therefore, when they appear, people need to quickly handle them by using a solution of garlic water, Neem Chito to spray the plants periodically every 10-15 days.
After sowing eggplant seeds, when the seeds germinate, they develop into seedlings that are susceptible to deadly disease in seedlings. Diseased plants often rot and wilt and die, if not treated in time, the disease will spread to the whole garden.
To prevent this disease for eggplant plants, while mixing the soil, people should add Trichoderma mushroom preparations to enhance the beneficial microflora in the soil, limiting the arising and development of fungi in the soil.
Regularly clean the weeds in the pot to limit the environment for the fungus to multiply and develop.
The article has just shared with you how to sow eggplant seeds, plant and care for them properly to grow healthy and produce fruit. If you like to use this fruit, you can buy seeds and grow them yourself in a Styrofoam box following the steps above!
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