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The technique of planting elephant grass is simple but effective

Elephant grass is the main raw material and food for dairy cows. From there, a source of nutritious fresh milk is provided to dairy companies. To help people understand more about this grass and Elephant grass planting techniques simple, Agri would like to share in the following article.

  1. Introduction to Elephant grass

Elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum) is native to South Africa. Belonging to the herbaceous family, standing body, many nodes, with a height of 2m – 4m. Lush green leaves, about 60cm long, 2cm wide. The biggest advantage of Elephant grass variety is: Fast growth, high yield, can be harvested all year round. However, the disadvantage of this grass variety is that it only likes to grow on fertile and cool soil, does not tolerate waterlogging or severe drought.

Elephant grass has sugar cane, herbaceous family, many nodes, with a height of 2m - 4m
Elephant grass has sugar cane, herbaceous family, many nodes, with a height of 2m – 4m
  1. Advantages of Elephant grass

Elephant grass growth is quite fast. Harvest time is from 60 days after planting, the following harvests are 30-45 days apart from the previous one.

  • High yield of green matter

The average annual yield is 400 tons – 500 tons/ha depending on care conditions, in some cases up to 800 tons/ha/year.

Especially, Elephant grass planted once can help harvest from 3-4 years, if the level of intensive farming is good, it can give high yield for 5-6 consecutive years.

  • Strong resistance to low ambient temperature

Elephant grass has the ability to prevent pests and diseases and withstand harsh climates in many regions. When the temperature drops to 2-3 degrees Celsius, the leaves of Elephant grass are still not burned.

The original retention time is long, averaging 3-4 years.

  • Low seed cost

The selling price of Elephant grass cuttings on the market is about 1,000 VND/kg for grade 1 and 500 – 700 VND/kg. Especially compared to VA06 grass, Elephant grass has seeds so it is easy to transport.

Elephant grass has many advantages such as high yield, long root retention, strong growth and resistance
Elephant grass has many advantages such as high yield, long root retention, strong growth and resistance
  1. Disadvantages of Elephant grass

The leaves are hard and the taste is pale, so cattle do not like to eat.

– Nutrient content is much lower than other grass varieties. Animals feed on slow growth.

Advice: Only a certain area of ​​elephant grass should be planted as additional food for livestock in case other food sources are scarce (due to high yield and good growth of Elephant grass). In parallel with growing Elephant grass, people should plant other grass varieties with better taste and higher nutritional content such as Mombasa Ghine big leaf lemongrass grass, Super BMR sorghum grass, Mulato II grass, Ubon Paspalum grass, Stylo grass… to diversify pet food, thereby helping the growth rate of animals better.

  1. Techniques for planting, caring and harvesting Elephant grass varieties.

4.1. Cultivation techniques

– Elephant grass can be grown by cuttings or by seeds.

– Amount of cuttings: 8-10 tons/1ha.

– The best time to plant Elephant grass is from February to May, at the beginning of the rainy season and harvested from June to November.

– Soil: Choose nutrient-rich, airy, moderate moisture, pH from 6-7.

– How to plant: Plow deeply, harrow thoroughly to make the soil loose, then pick up weeds, level the soil, slit the beds 15-20cm deep in the east-west direction. Apply manure and chemical fertilizers in the ratio: 15-20 tons of rotting manure + 250kg – 300kg of superphosphate + 150kg – 200kg of potassium sulphate per hectare.

For seeds, sow rows 60cm apart.

+ For cuttings, choose fat and flat trees (80-100 days), beveled to leave a length of 25-30 cm/cut, with 3-5 sprout eyes, place dust 40 cm from dust and rows 60 cm apart. cm. Then fill with soil 5cm thick so that the cuttings protrude about 10cm above the ground.

Note: The soil must be covered with manure before planting seeds, cuttings if not seeds, cuttings will be damaged and cannot germinate.’

There are elephants with relatively simple planting techniques.  Can be grown from seeds or cuttings.
There are elephants with relatively simple planting techniques. Can be grown from seeds or cuttings.

4.2. Care technique

– After 10-15 days of planting, start checking the germination rate and proceed to plant dead plants. Then, clean the weeds and lightly till the soil to loosen.

– After 30 days of planting, clean the grass and fertilize with urea at the rate of 100kg/ha.

– If the pH of the soil is below 5, it is necessary to add lime.

4.3. Harvest technique

After 2.5 to 3 months, the first batch of Elephant grass can be harvested (not harvested at the first stage), the next times are 30-45 days after the previous harvest.

Note: Cut the grass 5cm from the base, cut it clean, leave no sprouts so that the grass can regrow evenly and after each harvest, apply urea fertilizer at the rate of 300kg – 400kg/1ha.

Emilia Chaney
Emilia Chaneyhttps://agrisearch.net
My name is Emilia Chaney. I'm a social girl from Romania with a big smile and 3 passions: Agriculture, Travel and Social Media. I try to make this blog practical, full of great advice and inspiring ideas.

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