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The technique of growing porcelain bananas brings high economic efficiency to farmers

Are you interested in the technique of growing porcelain bananas? Although there are many different banana varieties on the market today, we can’t deny that porcelain bananas are still the most popular. Porcelain banana tree, also known as moldy banana or Siamese banana in our country, originates from Thailand, delicious, rich in nutrition. Not only that, the way of planting and caring for porcelain bananas is also quite simple but still brings high economic value, so it is suitable for large-scale business farmers. The article below, let’s pocket it right away Porcelain banana growing technique provide the highest economic efficiency.

Introducing the technique of growing porcelain bananas to bring high economic efficiency to farmers
Introducing the technique of growing porcelain bananas to bring high economic efficiency to farmers
  1. Cultivate the land, prepare a place to plant bananas

There are two types of porcelain bananas: white porcelain bananas and green porcelain bananas, both of which have equal economic value. This type of banana is best suited to grow and develop in loose, humus-rich soils, rich in nutrients such as alluvial soil, mud in dry ponds, etc.

However, some areas with poor soil and bad soil can still actively cultivate the land to bring about effective planting and good banana care. The suitable soil pH for bananas is from 5 to 7, where planting requires high drainage capacity, resistant to waterlogging.

In order to prepare the most suitable place to grow bananas, gardeners need to know some of the growing conditions of porcelain bananas, including:

  • Suitable temperature for growing: from 25-35 degrees Celsius
  • High light conditions, especially in the fruiting season, can make bananas sweeter and more flavorful
  • Humidity of the air from 60 to 90%
  • Not tolerant of waterlogging, if waterlogged for a long time, it can cause root rot and affect fruit quality when harvested
Porcelain bananas are suitable for growing where the soil is loose, nutritious and has good drainage
Porcelain bananas are suitable for growing where the soil is loose, nutritious and has good drainage
  1. Planting a tree

Porcelain bananas can be grown from seedlings separated from mother plants or tissue transplanted banana plants. However, regardless of the type of seedling, the gardener should still choose the tree according to the standard of height and vitality:

  • Seedlings separated from the mother plant need to be from 60cm to 1m high, have 3-5 leaves, no pests, fat, healthy stems, no pests.
  • Tissue transplants that can be purchased from nurseries need to be 50-60cm tall, have 3 -5 leaves, grow healthy, and free from pests and diseases.

The process of growing banana seedlings is carried out according to the following steps:

  • Planting season: can be planted all year round, but it is best to plant bananas at the end of the dry season and the beginning of the rainy season to ensure irrigation water.
  • Dig a hole for planting porcelain bananas on previously cultivated land, each hole has a diameter of 40cm, a depth of 35-40cm, fertilizes before planting with rotting manure mixed with super phosphate, incubated for 10-15 days.
  • If planting 2 porcelain banana trees for each hole, double the diameter of the hole to 80cm, leave the depth, and also apply soil lining.
  • Density of planting porcelain banana: planting 1 tree/hole, the distance is 2 x 2.5m, planting 2 trees/hole is 2.5 x 3m, 2 plants are 50-60cm apart.
  • How to plant seedlings: Put the seedling banana tree in the hole, fill it with soil, and compact it. Should water the plants immediately after planting, can actively cover more straw around the root to keep moisture
  • The right time to plant: the sun is out in the afternoon
Can bananas be grown from transplanted seedlings or seedlings separated from the mother plant?
Can bananas be grown from transplanted seedlings or seedlings separated from the mother plant?
  1. Porcelain banana tree care techniques

Sprinklers

Water needs of porcelain banana is quite high, so farmers need to water regularly, especially in the dry season. Usually watering twice a day for young banana plants and twice a week for mature banana plants, the amount of water is just enough to avoid waterlogging.

In the rainy season, you should pay attention to drainage for porcelain bananas to avoid root or root rot due to waterlogging for too long.

Fertilization

After harvesting bananas, gardeners need to re-fertilize to provide nutrients to the soil. In addition, the fertilization should also be divided into several times in each porcelain banana crop, you can refer to the following:

  • First fertilizer: 10-20 days after planting seedlings
  • 2nd application: 10 days after the first phase
  • The third time: after the 2nd time about 1 month
  • 4th time: after the 3rd time about 2 months
  • 5th time: after the 4th time about 2 months
  • The sixth time: before the tree blooms

Pest control

Some common diseases in porcelain bananas are: stem borers, fruit gnawing worms, top rot, anthracnose, root and root rot… Therefore, in order not to affect economic efficiency, people need to regularly regular monitoring, early detection and timely intervention.

Can use chemical drugs, pesticides, but absolutely should not spray chemicals before harvesting bananas from 1-2 weeks.

In addition, gardeners should also perform periodic bud pruning for porcelain bananas, regularly cut off yellowed leaves, and clean weeds.

Harvest

After about 10 months after planting, if the correct techniques are applied, porcelain bananas can be harvested.

Properly planted porcelain bananas will be harvested after about 10 months of planting
Properly planted porcelain bananas will be harvested after about 10 months of planting

Hopefully, the above useful sharing from us has been able to help people be more successful in the business model of growing bananas.

Emilia Chaney
Emilia Chaneyhttps://agrisearch.net
My name is Emilia Chaney. I'm a social girl from Romania with a big smile and 3 passions: Agriculture, Travel and Social Media. I try to make this blog practical, full of great advice and inspiring ideas.

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