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The technique of growing old South American bananas brings 10 times more income than rice cultivation

Techniques for growing old South American bananas
Techniques for growing old South American bananas

Old South American Banana is a strange banana variety, originating from South America and bringing high economic efficiency along with good growth ability even on saline alkaline soil. This is a tissue-transplanted banana variety, so it has the advantages of disease-free, less falling and good disease resistance, and also harvested synchronously when the season comes. In order for them to achieve the highest economic efficiency, let’s learn about the technique of growing old South American bananas with Agri.vn below.

Choose the land to plant

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Old South American bananas can be grown on many types of soil, but it is still best to plant on thick alluvial soil, grass-free, loose, moist, humus-rich, nutrient-rich soil with good drainage to avoid flooding. The topsoil layer is over 0.75 m thick for easy root development, clay content and cation exchange capacity of the soil are quite average. Old South American banana trees can tolerate a soil pH between 5.0-7.0, if the soil is too acidic or alkaline, it may affect the quality of the fruit, thereby reducing the yield.

Dig a hole for planting: size 40 x 40 x 50cm. Next, fertilize rotting manure for 3 months before planting. The most suitable planting density is 200 trees/1000m2.

Choosing varieties and how to grow old South American bananas

It is necessary to choose tissue-transplanted banana plants with a height of about 30-40cm, a diameter of the stem from 1.5-2cm, with 6-8 leaves, healthy.

Note when planting, choose early morning or cool afternoon, avoid when it is hot. Place the seedling in the hole with gentle manipulation, avoiding affecting the roots of the old South American banana tree. The potted surface is placed 5-10cm lower than the ground and the tissue is slightly raised for the purpose of avoiding the phenomenon of uprooting after it is larger. Newly placed trees must have fixed stakes so as not to be knocked down by the wind.

How to take care of old South American bananas

Fertilization

Old South American bananas have quite high nutritional needs, especially the amount of potassium and nitrogen fertilizers, which are factors that greatly affect the growth time, fruit yield as well as quality, ability to transport and store fruit.

Time and method of fertilizing old South American bananas can be divided into the following phases:

+ Fertilize before planting: Apply vermicompost + 1/2 phosphate + 1/4 potassium.

+ Second time: About 2 months after planting, fertilize 1/4 nitrogen, 1/2 potassium, apply shallow fertilizer and lightly dig on the surface combined with root incubation.

+ The third time: Apply 1/4 nitrogen, 1/4 phosphorus and 1/4 potassium.

Watering and weed management:

Within the first 3 months, when the old South American banana tree is young, it should be watered once a day, after that, it should be watered twice a week. Combine watering and fertilizing adequately.

Manually clean around the base of the banana tree every 1 – 1.5 months with a radius of 0.5 -1m. Remember to weed before fertilizing, do not use chemical drugs to kill weeds.

Pruning sprouts

Only 2-3 shoots should be left on a mother tree, the rest should be trimmed. Choose to keep healthy growing shoots, 10-20cm from the base, four months apart. After 4 months, leave 1 more bud. Select the shoots away from the base of the mother plant and avoid the position under the banana tree.

Harvesting South American dwarf bananas

Harvesting old South American bananas
Harvesting old South American bananas

About 7-8 months banana starts to bloom, until 11-12 months, ready to harvest the first batch. Harvested by cutting down the whole old South American banana tree, then cutting the chamber, dividing it into bunches and finally transporting it to the point of consumption. Note that the operation must be gentle, harvested when the banana is old, do not let the banana ripen before harvesting because it is easy to be damaged.

See more at:

Technical guide to growing dwarf bananas with high efficiency

Emilia Chaney
Emilia Chaneyhttps://agrisearch.net
My name is Emilia Chaney. I'm a social girl from Romania with a big smile and 3 passions: Agriculture, Travel and Social Media. I try to make this blog practical, full of great advice and inspiring ideas.

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