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The technique of growing guava is fruit-laden

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The technique of growing guava is fruit-laden

guava look technique

Guava is a fairly popular plant, not only delicious, but guava also has many healing and beauty uses. Guava tree belongs to the group of plants that are easy to grow, easy to care for and have a healthy vitality. Today, Agri will guide you on how to grow fruit-laden guava for business or at home!

The technique of planting guava trees is wrong

There are many varieties of guava today: peach guava, turmeric guava, fat guava, Bo guava, Xa Ly guava, etc. In addition, there are now a number of seedless guava varieties: Phugi guava, Taiwan, MT1, MT2 …

Depending on your needs and preferences, choose the right variety. If growing in pots, it is necessary to choose guava varieties with strong growth and easy care such as: pear guava, queen guava or Taiwanese guava.

Guava growing technique

If the garden has planted guava, in order for the tree to bear fruit, it is necessary to renovate the garden:

Suitable tree distance: 4-5m. At the beginning of the rainy season, leave on each tree 1 branch that grows directly from the main trunk, the remaining branches are cut off, leaving only a length of about 1m from the main trunk. Then apply paint or lime to the cut to keep water and prevent bacteria from entering.

Then dig a trench about 5-7cm deep 0.5m from the root. Apply for each root 10-15 kg of decaying organic fertilizer + 300g of NPK 20-20-15 and then pour over a thin layer of mud. When the mud is dry and cracked, water regularly to keep the plants moist for new shoots and roots. When the new shoots grow 4-5 pairs of leaves, cut off the first level branches to leave the original.

Prune off the weak, small shoots, keeping only 4-5 strong, strong first-level branches, evenly distributed around. Continue pressing the tops, leaving each bud with 3-5 pairs of leaves. When the axillary of the top pair of leaves grows two new shoots, continue to press the top as above, after a while the tree will have a new mushroom-shaped canopy. In the process of regular care, pruning and removing old branches and leaves to keep the guava garden open and less pests.

In the dry season, straw, dry leaves, grass waste should be used. Incubate around the root, water regularly to keep the tree moist to help the tree grow more fruits and vegetables. In the rainy season, clean and clear the roots to avoid pests and diseases.

After fertilizing when sawing branches, it is necessary to dig the soil for about 1-2 months, then fertilize periodically every 20-25 days with the amount of 150-200g NPK 20-20-15 to stimulate rooting, new shoots, flowering, new fruit. Fertilization increases gradually with the age of the tree.

Guava planting technique

How to plant and care for guava trees

Guava tree needs:

  • Light: Guava trees like full light, lots of sunshine for fruit trees.
  • Temperature: Guava can withstand a large temperature range
  • Humidity: Guava loves moisture
  • Soil: Guava is not picky about soil, even bad soil. However, if planting porous, well-drained soil, mixed with organic fertilizer, rice husk ash, smoked rice husk, coir, according to the ratio: 2 rice husk ash: 0.5 coconut fiber + 0.5 smoked rice husk: 1 organic fertilizer is best.

Prevention of pests and diseases on guava trees

Guava is a healthy plant, but it is also necessary to prevent some common pests such as:

+ Mealybugs, sticky aphids, aphids… treated with Applaud Mip, Trebon, Supracide…

+ Fruit flies: cover the fruit with plastic or biological attractants Hydrolyzed Protein or Viziubon- D.

+ Anthracnose: on the branches there are dark round spots, deeply concave, the connecting spots form large streaks that cause the leaves to squirm, the branches die, the branches are burned. The anthracnose fruits have dark brown round spots and recessed into the flesh. Can be prevented with Mancozeb 0.2%, Antracol 0.2%, Benomyl …

+ Fruit rot: When the humidity is high, especially in the rainy season, the conditions are suitable for the fungus Phytophthora parasitica to multiply and thrive. Signs when the tree is infected with this fungus is the appearance of round brown spots on the fruit, making the fruit rot soft and have a bad smell.

To prevent diseases, use drugs Aliette, Ridomyl, Bavistin, Anvil … should pay attention to garden hygiene, ventilation, avoid humidity.

Fruit harvest

The fruit season is from October to April, there are varieties that give fruit all year round like queen guava. After the fruit set 2.5-3 months, the fruit is harvested, 5-7 days / time.

Guava trees are quite easy to grow and take care of, guava growing techniques are not too complicated, when planting pots in small quantities, diseases on the tree are also very rare. Good luck with your guava tree!

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