Chili has always been one of the indispensable spices in cuisine. Chilli is one of the most commonly used chili peppers on the market because of its beautiful appearance, spicy and aromatic flavor. Both domestic and foreign markets are very fond of using chili peppers, so growing chili for business is gradually getting more attention. Do you want to grow chili peppers to increase your income? Sure Ching Phong chili growing technique In the article below will provide you with useful experiences. We invite you to take a moment to read the article.
The outstanding features of the chili pepper
Chilli chili is highly appreciated for its beautiful color, spicy taste but not pungent or unpleasant to the taste buds. Not only that, chili pepper is also a plant with few pests and diseases and is very easy to grow. If chili peppers are cared for in good conditions, the yield is very high and can be harvested many times a year.
Need to prepare the land to plant chili
To grow chili peppers, the soil needs to be treated to ensure factors such as:
- The soil is made porous, has good drainage and is embanked to prevent floods.
- Before planting chili, the soil must be cleared of weeds and lime powder removed, during the time of lime use, chemical fertilizers must not be used.
(In case of growing bell peppers, you can refer to the Grow bag specializing in bell peppers. This is a pre-mixed medium product in a certain ratio suitable to the growth characteristics of bell pepper plants. , convenient, reasonable cost, does not affect the environment)
Preparing agricultural mulch
If you decide to grow chili on a large scale, the use of industrial mulch offers many great benefits. Specifically as:
- Prevent weed growth.
- Limit some types of pests and insects that damage plants.
- Keep soil moisture stable.
- Limit alum and keep the soil temperature stable.
Techniques for growing Ching Phong peppers
Currently, chili peppers can be grown from seedlings or grown by seeding. If farmers use the seeding method, every 1 hectare will use about 200g of seeds.
Seeds need to be soaked in clean water for 6-8 hours, then take out the seeds and soak them with fungicides for about 30 minutes. Next, people take out the seeds of the chili pepper and let it drain.
Use a damp cloth to wrap the soaked seeds, cover the towel with a tight-fitting nylon wrap to limit evaporation. After about 3 days, you will see chili seeds starting to sprout.
When the seeds begin to have roots, sow the seeds into the prepared potting soil (composted manure, phosphate fertilizers, rice husk ash, lime, loose soil).
When the chili plant begins to develop from 4-5 true leaves, it is possible to select large, strong plants to plant in the soil environment.
Newly planted chili plant care techniques
If the land for growing peppers uses agricultural mulch, after planting and watering, it can be applied as a primer. After about 4 weeks from the time of planting, farmers can start fertilizing.
If growing chili peppers without using mulch, the amount of fertilizer and top dressing for the plant can be adjusted depending on the growth and development stage.
In the early stages of planting, you need to pay attention to fully water the plants to keep the soil moisture. The period when the main maple tree needs the most water is when it is in full bloom and when it starts to produce the strongest fruit.
- Trim the tops and pruning
Seedlings after being planted in the ground for about 3 weeks, you can proceed to press the tops to promote the best branching.
Branches near the base of the tree should be pruned to ensure ventilation, help the tree drain well and limit pests.
If you want the pepper plants to be protected in the best way, they can be combined with a trellis. The truss system will help the chili plant stand more firmly, the harvest time can be extended, and it is easy to harvest. Not only that, the chili pepper grown on the rig will be less affected by fruit borers, reducing fruit rot.
Pest management in chili peppers
To minimize damage from pests and diseases to the main pepper plant, farmers can apply the following measures:
- Choose varieties with high resistance to pests and diseases.
- Choosing the right pepper growing season to limit the arising of pathogens.
- Do not plant peppers with too much density.
- Apply crop rotation methods.
- Use agricultural mulch.
- Sanitize weeds and agricultural residues from the previous crop.
- Use natural enemies or herbicides of biological origin.
Hope with technique grow the chili peppers that we share. You will easily own your own chili garden with the highest yield.