Techniques for growing cantaloupe in a greenhouse
Cantaloupe is a short-term fruit tree, growing many crops a year, so the yield is very high. Therefore, in our country for many years now, the technique of growing cantaloupe in greenhouses or greenhouses is increasingly popular. Although this is a modern technology that requires high investment, it yields a large amount of clean, safe and profitable products. Through the article below, we will help you learn all about melon growing techniques in the greenhouse today.
1. Step 1: Prepare greenhouse/greenhouse
For the technique of growing cantaloupe in a greenhouse, the first step that farmers gradually need is to prepare a greenhouse, also known as a greenhouse.
Normally, the roof of a greenhouse growing melons will be covered with a specialized polymer membrane, surrounded by a specialized mesh with 40-50 holes per 1cm2 to prevent insects.
The natural ventilation of the net house is calculated with the height to the water trough is about 4m or more than 4m, the width is about 9 – 10m. There is a ventilation system with 2 attic doors with membranes.
2. Step 2: Prepare seeds or seedlings of cantaloupe
Cantaloupe is a fruit tree that can be grown either by seed or by seedlings.
With the technique of growing cantaloupe in a greenhouse, people often apply the method of growing more seedlings or self-seeding in the nursery. Mainly to ensure uniform growth and development among plants melon for ease of care.
- How to choose standard cantaloupe seedlings: choose seedlings that have been sown for 10-12 days, 7-10cm high, have 2-3 leaves, fat, firm stem, approximately 2-5mm in diameter
- Planting is most suitable in the cool afternoon, do not compress the soil too tightly, water immediately after planting to have enough moisture.
- How to incubate seeds: use a foam nursery tray about 50cm long, 30-35cm wide, 5-7cm deep, usually 50 seeding holes on 1 nursery tray. The ideal germination temperature is around 28 degrees Celsius
- Prepare medium for nursery melon seeds: use coconut fiber, organic fertilizer and processed rice husk ash mixed in a ratio of 7:2:1, fill the hole in the tray, sow 1 seed per hole.
3. Step 3: Take care of the cantaloupe and harvest
After planting, farmers continue to have to take great care to ensure the yield and quality of the plants, and effectively prevent pests and diseases.
Refer to the analysis article “Investment cost of drip irrigation system for cantaloupe”
- Fertilizing: Fertilizers will be dissolved in water into a nutrient-rich solution for watering plants. The technique of growing cantaloupe in the greenhouse often uses inorganic fertilizers containing essential elements such as K, Ca, Mg, N, P, and S.
- Hanging trees, pruning buds: After planting about 1 week to 10 days, people proceed to tie the rope close to the base of the tree and then bend the top according to the tied rope. The technique of pruning shoots usually leaves only branches from the 10th axillary onwards to avoid pests and consume nutrients
- Pollination: You can use honey bees to pollinate or use manual pollination techniques to improve the rate of flowers and fruit
- Harvest: Usually after 2 months, cantaloupe will begin to be harvested, the fruits with a beautiful net on the surface, with many cracks in the stem are picked.
Evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of the technology of growing cantaloupe in the greenhouse
Each technique of growing plants, whether traditional or modern, has outstanding advantages and inevitably some disadvantages. Here are the advantages and disadvantages of the technique of growing cantaloupe in the greenhouse that we have shared above:
In terms of advantages, the design of the net house can prevent pests and diseases, modern care techniques control the amount of water for irrigation and fertilizer for plants.
Not only that, by drip irrigation system, plants not only grow evenly but also save labor and time of workers. Since then, the yield and quality of melons after harvest are also much more guaranteed.
On the downside, the technique of growing cantaloupe in a greenhouse requires high investment costs and strict technical requirements.
However, overall, this is still a modern melon growing technique with much higher economic efficiency than previous traditional planting techniques. Therefore, this technique is worth it for farmers to learn and promote in the future not only with cantaloupe but also with many other crops.