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Home Agriculture Farming The secret to growing Thai dwarf papaya helps farmers get rich

The secret to growing Thai dwarf papaya helps farmers get rich

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The secret to growing Thai dwarf papaya helps farmers get rich
Get rich from the technique of growing dwarf papaya in Thailand
Get rich from the technique of growing dwarf papaya in Thailand

Thai dwarf papaya is a fruit with outstanding yield, short harvest time, few pests and diseases, and can be harvested for up to 4 years. Therefore, this is a fruit tree variety that people expand the farming area to bring high economic profit. To minimize the risk in cultivation, for high efficiency. Let’s follow the article with Agrisearch.net!

Characteristics

Thai dwarf papaya (source:caygiongnongnghiep.com)
Thai Dwarf Papaya

Seedlings originated from imported sources of Thailand, after planting 5-7 months for harvest. Fruit closeness is low, about 40 – 50 cm, many trees are only 20 cm from the ground, so it is very convenient to care for, harvest and prolong the business cycle, increase economic efficiency.

Depending on the care and season, this variety has 2 forms: round and long fruit, in which the ratio of the fruit is longer, the price is higher because it is favored by many people. The average weight is from 1.5 to 2 kg / fruit, with fruits weighing up to 3 kg.

When ripe, the skin of Thai dwarf papaya is bright yellow, the flesh is red and yellow like that of a gac fruit, the percentage of edible parts is high, up to 85%, few seeds, sweet and fragrant. The meat is firm, thick, and convenient for storage and transportation if it is properly cooked. Similarly for very high yield, all trees give fruit almost all year round, each tree gives an average of 50-60 fruits/year, the output reaches 90-100 kg/tree/year.

Growing conditions

Growing conditions of dwarf papaya
Growing conditions of dwarf papaya

– Climate: warm temperature, average 25 degrees Celsius. There are no shade trees around. If it is too high or too low, it will affect the growth of the plant.

Rainfall: Average from 100mm/month. If the rainfall is over 250-300mm/month, the roots will be flooded, possibly even the whole fruit.

– Soil: The soil is easy to drain, contains little alum, is porous, the pH is from 5.5 to 7. Where there is a lot of rain, it is necessary to make beds, surrounded by drainage ditches.

Part time

– The appropriate planting season of Thai dwarf papaya is: Spring planting (January – February), summer fruit collection (August – September), autumn (July – August), fruit collection on the occasion of the Lunar New Year lunar calendar (January – February).

How to grow

When the tree is short enough, Thailand has 4-5 pairs of leaves, 10-15cm tall, it can be planted.

It is necessary to choose soil in highland, well-drained, or hilly land, if planted in the plains, the beds must be very high and the drainage ditches must be deep. Soil rich in organic matter is ideal. The appropriate pH is about 6 – 6.5 pH.

Planting density

Dwarf papaya planting density
Dwarf papaya planting density

Suitable planting distance and density: 2 x 3 m (60 trees/sao North).

Plow the soil deeply, into high beds, the bed is 1m wide, 0.4-0.5m high, the plants are about 2m away from the trees, based on the variety suitable for many types of soil, but it is best to choose the yellow and tall ones. , well-drained, humus-rich soil will give high yield, good fruit quality, and prolong the life of the tree because it is not waterlogged.

Where the soil is low, it is recommended to cover 50-60cm high, 80-100cm wide for planting or dig a ditch 30-40cm deep, 30-40cm wide to collect water for irrigation in the dry season, avoid flooding in the rainy season. .

Fertilizer

In addition to fertilizing before planting (8 – 10 kg of manure + 0.5 kg of lime powder + 0.5 kg of superphosphate for each root), it is necessary to fertilize the Thai dwarf papaya tree 3 times a year: 1 after planting 4-6 weeks, the 2nd time when the plants flower and set fruit, the 3rd time when the fruit is large.

The amount of fertilizer for 1 tree is as follows: The first year 10-12 kg of manure + 0.3 – 0.5 kg of urea + 1 kg of superphosphate + 0.2 – 0.3 kg of potassium. Second year 15 – 20 kg of manure + 0.3 – 0.4 kg of urea + 1 – 1.5 kg of superphosphate + 0.3 – 0.4 kg of potassium.

This is an F1 hybrid, so farmers can’t do it themselves, but have to buy seeds from reputable establishments to produce high yield and good quality fruit.

Pest control

Red spider in dwarf papaya
Red spider in papaya

Common papaya pests and diseases are red spider mite, mealybug and mosaic disease. Prevention methods are as follows: with red spiders, it can be prevented by spraying Danitol, Kelthane 18.5 EC, Trebon 10 ND. As for mealybugs, you can spray Supracide, Bi 58 ND, BAM 50 ND. For mosaic disease, spray Admire 50 EC, Suppracide 40 ND to kill planthoppers and limit disease spread.

Care and harvest

After sowing the Thai dwarf papaya, if the main stem grows a branch, it must be removed early. At the fruiting stage, it is necessary to promptly remove the distorted, diseased, dead leaves, and remove the petiole.

Normally, Thai dwarf papaya is planted straight, when the wind and storm have to put up a stake against the wind, use 3 cross stakes or 1 stake to stick straight and firmly tie the papaya tree to the stake. In the period when the tree is short enough, Thailand produces a lot of fruit but encounters storms, it is possible to cut down some old leaves near the base to reduce wind resistance, prevent falling or breaking.

Thai dwarf papaya is an extremely popular fruit in hot days, especially Thai dwarf papaya is very popular with farmers and consumers because of its quality and yield.

Wish you success from the article we just shared!

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