Seeing orchids is easy, growing orchids is not difficult, the hardest is orchid care. Many people do not know how to take care or take care of the wrong way, so the flowers after buying are not kept for long or worse, they put in effort to plant but the flowers do not bloom, quickly fade, die prematurely. Here are specific instructions on simple orchid care techniques, easy to do at home but enough to save your orchid garden.
Need to create a favorable environment for easy orchid care
Use pots with drainage holes to grow plants
- When caring for orchids that are potted plants, there must be drainage holes for excess water to drain out of the pot. If there is drainage, the roots will rot.
- If the pot does not have a drainage hole, you need to replant the plant in a new pot.
Find the right type of medium for orchid care
- You can choose a substrate made from bark or from moss. Each framework will have different advantages and disadvantages. Bark substrates usually drain well and are resistant to waterlogging, but can decompose quickly. Moss media holds moisture better, but you have to be careful when watering.
- If not planted in the right medium, it is difficult to take care of the orchid, so replant the plant to help the orchid grow well.
The location of the potted plant helps you to take care of the orchid and stay healthy
Plant pots should be placed near a south- or east-facing window.
- Orchids need indirect sunlight to grow and develop, just enough, not much. For easy orchid care, place the pot near a south- or east-facing window to ensure the plant receives enough sunlight.
- If you put the pot in a west-facing window, cover the curtain to prevent the orchid from getting sunburned.
- If placed in the north window may not provide enough light for the plant to bloom.
The pot should be placed in a place where the average temperature is stable in the range of 16-24 degrees Celsius.
Although the appropriate temperature will vary depending on the species, it is advisable to care for orchids at an average indoor temperature above 16 degrees Celsius because this is the right temperature for orchids to grow, if too cold the orchid will die.
Caring for orchids most needs watering, fertilizing and pruning.
Note: Always use disinfected tools to care for orchids.
Watering plants is the most important thing
Irrigation based on soil moisture
Gently poke your finger into the medium or pot, then pull your hand out and rub your fingers together. If you do not see moisture, you should lightly water the orchid by pouring water into the orchid growing medium and letting the water soak. Or use a watering can on the soil in the pot with the right amount.
If possible, use a transparent orchid pot that can make it easier for you to care for your orchid. When you see no more condensation inside the pot, it means it’s time to water the plant.
Irrigation based on air humidity
- If the humidity in your home is low (less than 40%) mist the orchid daily.
- If the humidity in your home is higher than 60%, use a dehumidifier to prevent bacteria and mold from growing on the flowers.
Caring for orchids is easier if you fertilize properly
- Use a balanced liquid fertilizer, such as 10-10-10 or 20-20-20. Mix half the concentration and fertilize the plant with the mixed fertilizer once a month during the blooming period.
- Absolutely do not water immediately after fertilizing for a few days if you do not want the nutrients to flow out with the water.
- After a while the flowers bloom, the canopy will stop growing. When caring for orchids, you can water and fertilize less often until the new leaves start to grow back.
Cut off the flowering orchids when the flowers fade
When taking care of orchids should remember Orchids do not bloom more than once on the same branch, except phalaenopsis. If growing phalaenopsis, when cutting, cut the flower stem just above the bottom two eyes of the orchid when the flower fades.
- For orchids with bulbs, cut the branches just above the bulbs. To make it easier to imagine, a bulb is a large, thick stem at the base of each bud of a flower plant
- For other orchids, cut the stems as close to the potting medium as possible.
Caring for orchids from pests and diseases
Remove scale mealybugs and mealworms by hand.
When caring for orchids, if you see signs of aphids and mealybugs, sticky leaves and black mold like soot, use your hands to catch visible insects on the top and bottom of the leaves (remember to wear gloves) , as well as on flower stalks.
To get rid of pests, cleanWash insect-infested leaves with soapy water
After catching pests for your plants, mix a little dishwashing liquid with room temperature water. Dip a soft cloth in the solution, then gently wipe each leaf and flower stalk. The soapy water works to clean up sticky plastic and soot, and kill any leftover bugs.
The best way for long-term care is to remove the temporarily diseased tissue
When you find that the leaves are discolored or mottled (cream, yellow, brown or black), don’t waste your time caring for the orchid, use scissors to cut the infected leaves, branches and flowers. In some cases, it may be best to remove the infected plant to avoid spreading the disease to other plants.
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