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The most standard technique of growing chickpeas according to VietGap

Chickpeas are very popular and often appear in everyone’s meals. There are many people who grow peas but incorrectly, leading to poor harvest. Agri would like to introduce Technique of growing peas The latest helps the crop to be bountiful.

  1. Part time

Cauliflower can be grown for 2 crops in a year:
– Spring crop: sow seeds from January to March.
– Autumn crop: sow seeds in September – October.
2. Tilling, fertilizing and sowing seeds
After making the soil to the bed with the size: 1m wide, 0.2m high, 0.2 – 0.25m furrow. Each hectare is fertilized with 10-15 tons of rotting manure, 150 kg of superphosphate and 50 kg of potassium chloride. Sow 2 rows on beds and row spacing 60cm, seed spacing 12-15cm. The amount of seeds sown 55-60 kg/ha (2kg/sao).

After sowing, cover with a layer of powdered soil 1 cm thick. Due to the thin seed coat structure, the ability to absorb swelling quickly should not be rushed to water. After 1-2 days using umbrella, lightly water the bed surface.
3. Take care of chickpeas
Because climbing beans have large leaves and high transpiration coefficient, they must regularly keep the soil moist, especially during the flowering and fruiting period. At this time need regular soil moisture 70%. The demand for fertilizer for beans is not high, but in addition to the amount of fertilizer, each hectare can add 30kg of urea and 30kg of potassium/time at 2 times: the plants come out and bloom.

When the tree has tassels, it needs to be weeded, plowed and fertilized; then plug the truss right for the vines. Each hectare needs 50,000 jackfruit trees (1,700 trees per pole). When flowering plants proceed to gradually prune old leaves, diseased leaves, the middle spaces have dense leaf density to create ventilation for the tree, increase the ability to produce fruit.
4. Pest control on peas
Main pests and diseases

– Liriomyza sativae Blanch . leaf borer

The young caterpillars located between the two layers of the leaf cuticle feed on the chlorophyll, leaving zigzag lines on the leaves. Usually appear and cause damage during the growth of the plant, but the high density is often at the time of the tree starting to flower – fruit, they have the ability to cause severe damage in the spring crop.
Aphis craccivora Koch aphids:
They usually appear in dry weather conditions, drought. Density often increases very quickly because they give birth, on the peas, ticks often cause severe damage in the months of 3-4 and the end of September-October.
– Red spider Tetranychus cinnabarinus Boisd: Spiders cause damage on leaves mainly, they often cause severe damage on peas in the autumn-winter season when the weather is dry and poorly cared for.
– Pea borer Maruca vitrata Geyer: They cause damage on buds, flowers, and fruit, especially when at high density they damage even young leaf buds. The early autumn-winter crop, which collects fruit at the end of September-October, is more severely damaged than the spring-autumn crop in March-April. The peak density is usually at the time of flowers – fruits are in full bloom at the beginning of the harvest when the weather is warm. The main crop when the weather is cold, low temperature is rarely damaged by fruit borers.
– Root rot disease: Due to a group of fungi in the soil invading and causing damage (caused by fungi in the soil such as Fusarium sp.; Pythium sp., …). They enter the bean plant through the root system and then kill the plant.
– Anthracnose Collectotrichum sp: The disease damages both leaves, stems and fruit branches. Chickpeas in the autumn-winter crop are often more severely damaged than in the spring crop.
– Powdery mildew disease Erysiphe cichoracearum: The disease appears throughout the growth of the plant, damaging both stems and leaves and often causes severe damage on peas in the spring crop, then in the autumn and winter season. In addition, on the beans, some other pests and diseases such as fruit flies, greenworms, thrips, caterpillars, gray spot diseases, etc. also appear and cause local damage depending on the year. General preventive measures:
* Cultivation method:
– Collect and destroy the remnants of beans and other crops of the previous crop right after harvesting.
– Plow the land, leave the soil for 2-3 weeks.
– Applying crop rotation and intercropping for fruit beans, it is best to rotate crops with rice, rotate crops & intercrop with cruciferous vegetables such as cabbage, kohlrabi, leafy greens… no rotation & intercropping with cucurbits, cucurbits.
– Fertilize, care, and water appropriately. Weeding and plowing in time to reduce the residence of pests, combined with cutting and catching eggs or newly hatched larvae of borers, caterpillars, etc.
Biological measures:
– Protect and maintain the population development of natural enemies (ladybugs, maggots, spiders, parasitic wasps) by using rational chemical drugs, not periodically spraying pesticides on fruit beans.
– Use Elincol 12ME, Vertimex 1.8EC to control bean leaf borers
Chemical measures:
– Seedling stage from sowing to before flowering: If the bean leaf borer, black bean aphid, red spider, and thrips cause local damage, use one of the following insecticides: Sherpa 25EC, Elsin 10EC, Confidor 100SL, Ortus 5SC, Comite 73EC. This stage only needs to be sprayed once or twice at about 20-35 days after planting.
– The period from flowering to the end of harvest: The use of pesticides at this stage is mainly to control pod borers, bean leaf borers, etc. The following drugs should be used: Elincol 12ME, Sherpa 25EC, Sumicidin 20EC, Fastac 5EC, Bt drugs. The best time to spray is when the bean plants have flowers and begin to bear fruit (about 55-60 days after planting). Spray 3 times, the interval between sprays is 5-7 days.
When spraying, note:
+ Chemical drugs need to be used in the correct dosage and concentration as recommended on the packaging label of each drug.
+ Before each spraying, all the fruits that meet the collection standards must be harvested. During the period of fruit harvesting, only drugs belonging to the pyrethroid group and biological drugs are used, the minimum isolation period is 3 days.
5. Harvest

In the spring crop, the first batch is collected after 50-60 days, the autumn crop is 10 days later. Collect fruit that is fully ripe but not old (fruit turns from dark green to light green, with visible seed marks on the fruit body). At the peak time, harvest once a day in the early morning. In case of chemical spraying with short isolation time from 2-3 days, harvest 3 days after spraying, remove old fruit, use only commercial quality fruit.

Emilia Chaney
Emilia Chaneyhttps://agrisearch.net
My name is Emilia Chaney. I'm a social girl from Romania with a big smile and 3 passions: Agriculture, Travel and Social Media. I try to make this blog practical, full of great advice and inspiring ideas.

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