In fact, the overuse of chemical fertilizers for crops often causes many consequences later on, such as soil degradation. Therefore, organic fertilizers are still known as the ideal choice in agriculture. Organic fertilizers not only help farmers take advantage of the inherent agricultural waste, but also bring benefits to crops. The article below, let’s learn together how to compost organic Simple at home still brings high economic efficiency.
What is organic fertilizer?
First, let’s learn in advance the correct concept of compost.
Organic fertilizers are organic fertilizers derived from nutrient-rich organic compounds, usually agricultural products, wastes and wastes. The most typical we often see are organic fertilizers from plants, animals, agricultural waste, …
The biggest advantage of this fertilizer is that it can be composted at home, taking advantage of waste and garbage, and effectively improving soil fertility. In particular, using organic fertilizers is considered a sustainable solution that does not cause bad consequences for the soil in the future.
Steps to compost at home, highly effective
Step 1: Choose a bin or item to store organic fertilizer
In this first step, you can either make your own wooden crate or buy a commercially available compost container. The most common type that people often use is a hard plastic container in the shape of a cone or square, with a tight lid on top.
Note that you should learn in advance the advantages and disadvantages of each type of organic fertilizer container to find the most suitable type for the type of fertilizer you want to compost.
Step 2: Locate the compost bin
After you have prepared a suitable compost bin, you need to carefully calculate the location to place the bin, creating the best conditions for making quality manure.
Normally, people often choose to place the bin in a place with good drainage, with a lot of sun to ensure the best temperature during the composting process.
Instead of placing the crate on a concrete or brick floor, it is best to place the crate on the surface of the soil. The reason is that in the soil environment, beneficial organisms can easily penetrate into the organic fertilizer to improve efficiency. You should dig the soil about 10-20cm deep, remove the weeds and then put the crate in.
Step 3: Prepare materials for composting
There are many types of organic waste, but not all types can be used as raw materials for composting. Therefore, we will guide you on how to separate waste into 2 types, namely brown waste and green waste, to compost green or brown manure.
- Green manure includes raw materials such as: leftover fresh vegetables and fruits, fresh grass, grass clippings, fresh leaves, coffee grounds, fruit skins, peanut shells….
- Brown manure includes materials such as: hay, dry leaves, straw, dry branches, eggshells, sawdust, coffee husks, paper, cardboard, etc.
Some materials that should not be used for organic composting you need to keep in mind are:
- Bones, meat of all kinds of animals
- Fish, poultry
- Products made from milk
- Human excrement, animal excrement
- Weeds sprayed with pesticides or herbicides
- Egg heart
Most of these materials are difficult to decompose and easily cause poisoning, affecting human health.
Step 4: Mixing and composting
The process of mixing organic compost should be carried out in turn according to the following steps:
- Spread a layer of twigs, dry leaves or grass, dry straw at the bottom of the bin, 8 – 10cm thick, then add another layer of similar thick brown compost material right on top.
- Next, add a layer of compost, 10-12cm thick fertile garden soil
- Use a sprinkler to lightly spray water on each floor to evenly moisten
- Continue adding ingredients alternating one layer of green manure to one layer of brown manure until the ingredients are full
- Rotate the compost bin at least once every 2 weeks to speed up the decomposition of compost
Recommendation: Add Trichordema as a catalyst to speed up this process and get better results.
Step 5: Use composted organic fertilizer
When you notice the following characteristics, your organic fertilizer can be used:
- The manure crumbles like humus, turns brown
- Organic fertilizers have a natural earthy smell
- About 1 year from the start of composting
At this point, you can already use composted organic fertilizer to fertilize or top up the plants with a reasonable amount.
Learn more about: Benefits of composted cow manure for plants
Through the above article, we have detailed instructions for you to read step-by-step organic composting at home from available organic waste. Let’s embark on the experience as soon as we have time to source nutrition Best for your houseplants. Good luck!