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Techniques to take care of bonsai trees – When planting trees is art, the grower is the artist

Techniques to take care of bonsai trees – When planting trees is art, the grower is the artist

The art of creating bonsai trees
When planting is an art and the grower is an artist

Planting trees, especially ornamental plants, is not simply a matter of understanding the care technique as well as planting. For bonsai players, planting trees is an art, and bonsai players are a talented artist cultivating the seeds of life in their hands. Here, let’s learn the art of bonsai care for those who are new to bonsai. Let’s become artistic souls with Agri.

bonsai tree care techniques
Simple bonsai tree care techniques

Bonsai – A form of expressing wishes and feelings

The art of growing bonsai trees has been around for a long time, originating in the Han Dynasty, then spreading to Korea and Japan. And Japan is the birthplace of billion-dollar bonsai pots. In Vietnam, the hobby of bonsai also landed and became a trend for a long time.

Bonsai trees or bonsai are small potted plants that can create interesting shapes but contain deep messages. Bonsai trees are often decorated in homes with messages and values ​​such as praying for good luck, prosperity. Bonsai trees are especially popular among the rich and middle-aged, so planting bonsai trees is also an opportunity to enrich those who know how to plant.

Another special thing is that any tree can make a bonsai tree, whether it is a fruit tree or a flower tree, any suitable tree can create a beautiful bonsai shape. And shaping bonsai is a job that requires creativity, many elaborate and daring ideas. Planting and taking care of bonsai is a difficult journey, but when looking at the results, it is called a constant rub.

techniques for creating bonsai
Anh Son and bonsai miniatures

Let’s admire the results of Mr. Dang Hong Son, he has created a “small bonsai” symbolizing the 3 regions of the South – Central – North with typical trees: apricot tree, fruit tree, birth tree. . The purpose of creating bonsai is to convey such special meanings and values. Humans have so many ways to express their wishes and feelings: through writing, through pictures, and now even through plants.

Techniques to take care of bonsai trees

As we all know, the bonsai tree is a work of art, so the care technique also takes a lot of care and attention. Bonsai tree is a tree that is only suitable for those who really have a passion for bonsai, accept challenges and failures.

Find out right away: Bonsai

Techniques to choose bonsai pots

choose a bonsai pot
Types of pots suitable for common standing shapes

One of the things that makes a bonsai tree special is the pot. The pot does not need to be too fancy but must match the shape of the tree. If you choose the right pot, it will enhance the beauty of the tree many times.

Choose pots based on enamel color: Suitable for flowers and fruit trees. Choosing the right pot color will enhance the color of flowers and fruits more beautiful and eye-catching.

  • White and yellow flowers: Purple and brown pots are the number 1 choice
  • Red and purple flowers: White, eastern, and turquoise pots are good candidates

Choose pots based on the height of the trunk: Low plants choose tall pots, tall plants choose low pots. The length of the pot should be 2/3 of the plant.

Choose a pot based on the standing of the plant

  • Plants with an upright shape: use a straight pot
  • Trees with a slanted, curved shape: use a curved pot
  • Trees with twisted stems: use pots with slender lines
  • Plants with lots of foliage: use a pot with a round or oval shape
  • Trees with many trunks, trees with a broom shape, trees with a clump structure: use wide and shallow pots
  • Straight-shaped plant: rectangular pot

Choose a pot based on the leaves

  • Conifers: enameled pots
  • Broadleaf, deciduous trees: unglazed pots

Depending on the preferences of each person, choose a different pot shape. Most people often choose pots with a slightly shallow depth to be able to enjoy the beauty value of the tree more. The pot does not need to be sophisticated but must be of good quality, the material must be guaranteed, the pot has a drainage hole. True bonsai lovers, of course, will not choose mediocre pots, having the conditions to play bonsai will regret investing in beautiful pots. Therefore, most people often buy handmade pots made from talented artisans, both valuable and quality.

Light in bonsai tree care techniques

Bonsai trees with enough light will be healthier and easier to shape. Bonsai trees are also normal plants, depending on the type of tree to place in a place with appropriate light. Need to provide enough light from 5 hours or more, the plant grows well in a sunny place, avoiding the harsh noonday sun. In addition, the tree must be placed in a location with good ventilation and appropriate care techniques.

Land for bonsai trees in care techniques

Especially for potted bonsai, the choice of soil is an important step. There are many trees that only use shallow pots, little soil, but have a lifespan of up to 100 years. What makes trees can live so long, the answer is soil. So, the soil must be like so that bonsai trees always grow well.

  • Soil has enough essential nutrients
  • The soil does not carry pathogens, treat the soil before planting
  • Soil without impurities
  • Soil has good moisture holding capacity
  • Soil rich in humus, organic, loose

Common types of bonsai soil are:

  • Land of flesh
  • Mud
  • Clay soil
  • Soil mixed with fertilizer

Currently, the land for growing bonsai is widely sold on the market that everyone can easily find and buy.

Irrigation water in bonsai care techniques

Techniques for taking care of bonsai trees
Techniques for taking care of bonsai trees

Watering is an important factor in bonsai care techniques. Irrigation water must be rich in nutrients, taken from ponds, lakes, rivers, streams… Irrigate the plants with water, avoid watering many times a day, leading to root rot. Many people share their experience of watering by using water to wash rice to increase acidity and then watering. Because there are many types of bonsai trees, depending on the type of tree, there are different watering regimes.

Fertilization in bonsai care techniques

The preferred fertilizer to use is organic fertilizer that is both good for plants and environmentally friendly. Use green manure, rotted manure and sun drying. In addition, NPK inorganic fertilizer can be combined, but it should be diluted more than the dosage on the package. NPK fertilizer should not be applied in winter, when the tree is deciduous or is sprouting young leaves. The best time to fertilize is the rainy season and the dry season.

It is possible to use a mixture of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizers in the ratio of 50:30:20 to help plants grow, flower evenly, and produce good results.

The amount of fertilizer depends on the growth status of the plant:

  • Growing plants need more fertilizer than mature plants
  • Plants sprout all year round, so fertilize regularly
  • Trees that change leaves should fertilize more after each leaf fall
  • Fertilize a lot in the dry season or fall leaves season

How to fertilize: Do not fertilize directly, but mix with water and then water the plants. Water the plant and the soil evenly.

The art of pruning in bonsai care techniques

Each tree has a different pruning time, depending on the type of tree they grow so that bonsai players can make appropriate pruning. There are two common ways to prune trees:

  • Pruning to maintain life: Prune the stalks above the leaves and prune throughout the growing season
  • Pruning to shape: Prune large branches, keeping branches in accordance with the desired shape. Prune too thick branches, equal branches, prune twisted branches, trim branches that cover the trunk… to create art for the potted plant.

A rule to remember for bonsai players is to prune so that the big branch is below, the small branch is above, distributed in a spiral along the body to create a beautiful shape. Do not cut too much at the same time will make the tree lose strength and perform good care techniques at this stage.

Pest control in bonsai care techniques

In plant care techniques, disease prevention is indispensable. Common pests and diseases on bonsai are aphids, ants, red spiders, caterpillars, etc. Common diseases are iron deficiency, excess potassium. Therefore, bonsai players must always observe the situation of the tree, if they encounter suspicious symptoms, they must check and treat immediately.

Techniques to create beautiful bonsai trees

Techniques for taking care of bonsai and shaping
Techniques for taking care of bonsai and shaping

The technique of shaping bonsai has never been for the novice, it is necessary to have the right knowledge and techniques if you want to produce beautiful and satisfactory results. Use materials such as zinc wire, copper to bend the tree. First create a fixed point, then we will bend the trunk, bend the large branch, then through the small branch, bend from the base to the top of the tree.

There are many beautiful and unique bonsai shapes, bonsai players can refer to choose the best tree shape for themselves: fanciful shape, upright shape, super shape, canvas shape, fairy shape… and each shape has its own. a different meaning.

Above are all bonsai care techniques that bonsai players should know. Bonsai care is difficult or easy depending on the passion and skill of each person, Agri’s bonsai care techniques will help you somewhat in taking care of your bonsai tree.

See more: Techniques for taking care of begonias



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