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Techniques of Beekeeping for Honey for Big Revenue

Beekeeping for honey is currently a livestock industry with high economic efficiency, suitable for many households, which does not require a lot of human resources, does not require high investment, but gives a stable income. You’ve got yourself honey beekeeping techniques the best or not? The content of the article below will help you get more information on this topic.

Place

In order for bees to get a lot of honey and be safe, farmers need to choose a location to place the bee crate to ensure the following requirements: Cool, quiet terrain, not near roads, sugar factories, chemical factories chemicals, fruit processing plants and no large lake around… The bin is located near the source of pollen nectar, where no chemical pesticides are sprayed. No disease, little or no wild bees, harmful birds.

The location of the beekeeping crate determines the amount of honey produced
The location of the beekeeping crate determines the amount of honey produced

Breeding crates

The apiary is the home of the bees. If there is a good tank, the beekeeping will be more effective. There are many types of farming crates that can take advantage of the hollow round trunk to make beekeeping containers called bee hives. The way to make honeycombs for beekeeping has a good side to maintain the friendliness of the bees with the natural environment, but it is difficult when organizing large production to have a lot of commodity honey. It is best to keep bees in an improved barrel with a movable bridge frame that is convenient for beekeepers and gives a high yield of honey.

Currently, the Langtros barrel type is quite popular, the barrel has an internal size of 47 x 43 x 25 cm. The crate must have two windows that can be opened and closed at both ends for ease of movement, with a large hole and a flight deck for bees to come in and out, with a lid to prevent sun and rain. And legs (usually made of iron) to raise the bee crate against harmful enemies such as ants, toads, etc.

Placement: The bee crate should be 25 – 30 cm high above the ground, the other is at least 1 m away from the other, the doors are placed in different directions, choose a cool, dry place like under the porch, next to a tree… Should not be placed on brick yard, cement floor, too wet place or near livestock barn.

Take care

Ensure the temperature in the bee colony is 33 – 350C, humidity is 60 – 80%. Do not leave the bees in the sun, do not place the door to the west, do not let the bees be crowded. Leave the trough with water in the beehive on hot days. Adjust the bee colonies before the cold season to have an even colony, so finish breeding before November 30 to have time to raise the colony well through the winter. Feed fully until there is a screw cap, if there is a lack of chalk, it must be supplemented. Use straw, dried banana leaves … as anti-cold objects to stay outside the partition board or above the bridge beam. Seal the openings of the beehive, do not let the door of the hive face north. If it is too dry, drink water mixed with less salt at the rate of 9/1,000.

During the rearing process, regularly check to maintain good queens for each colony. Periodically every 6 – 9 months to change the lord. Creation of a queen bee should take place at a time when natural nectar and pollen are abundant.

Bees grow well when the farmer adjusts the appropriate ambient temperature
Bees grow well when the farmer adjusts the appropriate ambient temperature

Create queen bee

A basic colony full of worker bee generations and bee egg and larval generations. The number of troops must cover the crossbar in the morning. Based on the ratio of eggs and larvae, pupae we can assess the quality of the bee colony. According to the number of days of age of eggs, larvae and pupae of worker bees, the ratio is: 1 part egg – 2 parts larvae – 4 parts pupae. This is the sustainable position of a swarm of bees. If one of these ratios is imbalanced, the bee colony will try to reproduce to return to biological equilibrium.

Create queen bee by methods:

  • Use the queen bee hat to divide the flock naturally

Choose a thriving colony of bees, feed them for 2-3 nights with sugar water (ratio 1:1), support more bridges with old pupae, and remove old bridges so that bees can concentrate more. This way the bees will build more queen hats earlier to prepare for division. Choose large, long, straight, beautiful queen hats to breed. When the queen’s hat is old, use a sharp knife to cut the base of the queen’s hat by 1.5 cm and then attach it to the bees that need to replace the queen.

  • Create a queen bee using the breeding method

Choose a thriving colony of bees for breeding. Use a zigzag cutter to use a zigzag cutter with eggs from the newly laid queen bee to build queen hats where there are young larvae. It is advisable to choose fresh nest cakes for bees to be more receptive.

  • Create a queen bee

Separate the lord from the strong herd, do not get sick. After 2 hours, the 1-day-old larvae were placed in wax cups mounted on the ladders of the bridge to create the lord, and put them in the flock that captured the lord. Feed the bees for another 3-4 nights. After 2 days, remove the level cap. After 9 – 10 days, separate the royal hat to use. Attach the queen caps to the newly divided colony or the colony has an old queen that needs to be replaced, about 10-12 days later, the new queen will lay eggs. If the silk queen is lost, it is necessary to introduce another queen or rejoin the flock.

There are many methods to create queen bee
There are many methods to create queen bee

Treating bees to divide the natural swarm

In the North, bees usually divide in March-April, a few divide in October-November. While in the South, bees often divide in October-November and February-April (early and middle of the honey crop). When there are many food sources (bile, pollen) in the environment; Good weather or in a colony with a high density of bees, a strong queen bee, a lot of baby demand, excess food and bees living in an overcrowded box will cause the bees to divide naturally. Natural division of bees often reduces honey yield. Therefore, it is necessary to take measures to limit the impact on productivity.

Overcome the division of the swarm by replacing the old queen bee with a new queen when the flower source is abundant, adding more legs, turning honey or transferring honey to another colony, widening the bridge distance and removing anti-cold objects, remove the queen hats and cut out the male hive holes.

  • Strong bees actively divide the swarm

Need to feed enough, choose long straight queen hats in empty positions such as in the 2 corners and under the cake to use after the bees divide the new colony. The natural swarm of bees often eats a lot of honey and parts, many young worker bees are in the age of waxing and building floors quickly, so as soon as they stabilize, they can build a leg floor. The original swarm only keeps 1 best queen bee hat to replace the remaining queen and cut all the queen hats away.

There are many ways to deal with bees that divide the colony
There are many ways to deal with bees that divide the colony
  • Rules for importing bees

Enter in the evening, from swarm without queen to swarm with queen. Merge weak bees into strong hive.

Indirect entry (outside the bulkhead) by eliminating or separating the lord in the flock that was imported before 6 hours. In the evening, lift up the bridges to be placed outside the partitions of the imported bees. The next morning, lift the bulkhead out and stabilize the newly entered bridge. Direct entry (in the partition): In the afternoon, separate the partition board, in the evening place the bridge lightly or blow lightly for the old bees to fly out of the hive, leaving all the young bees.

We hope with the amount of information we share. You will be more confident with your honey beekeeping technique. Good luck to you, thank you for your interest in following the article.

Emilia Chaney
Emilia Chaneyhttps://agrisearch.net
My name is Emilia Chaney. I'm a social girl from Romania with a big smile and 3 passions: Agriculture, Travel and Social Media. I try to make this blog practical, full of great advice and inspiring ideas.

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