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Techniques for raising goats effectively, increasing productivity

Goat farming techniques
grazing goats

Goats are the most popular species raised in Vietnam after chickens and pigs… in order to raise goats with high efficiency and compete in the market, there must be proper goat raising techniques. Here, let’s find out goat farming techniquesfor the best performance!

Goats are quite popular pets in Vietnam

goat farming techniques
Goat

In many rural areas or mountainous areas of our country today, besides raising traditional animals such as buffaloes and cows, many households raise goats for meat and milk. Goats are ruminants, omnivores, eat a lot of grass, leaves and agricultural by-products.

Goats can be raised by many different methods such as: keeping in barns, grazing on hills… Goats give birth more, less sick and produce more meat and milk. Goats are an easy breed to raise, with high profits. Therefore, many farmers have chosen to raise goats as a method of hunger eradication, poverty alleviation, and getting rich.

Although easy to raise, to be effective and productive, in addition to experience, we also need the right measures and techniques to raise goats to face as little risk as possible.

Goat farming techniques

Breeding in goat farming techniques

This is the first and most important technique that everyone needs to know in order to give the direction of livestock production in accordance with economic and environmental conditions.

Requirements when choosing varieties:

  • Request to choose goat breedShould choose a breed with a clear origin, the parents can be traced.
  • Choose animals with standard physical characteristics: hairy ears, normal head, straight limbs, and stable standing.
  • Male goats must meet the following standards: well-proportioned body, well-developed sexual organs.
  • Select meat-oriented female goats must have a rectangular body.
  • The dairy goats must have wide hips, enlarged genitals, and two nipples 4-6cm long.

How to make a goat barn in goat farming techniques

Making a goat barn costs less than making a barn for other cattle, but it still has to ensure the necessary general requirements:

Location: Goat barn to avoid being wet and waterlogged. Keep the cage clean and quiet, remember to be far away from residential areas and water sources, but it must be easy to manage, easy to care for and clean.

Notes in goat farming techniques: The barn should not be built too close to the house nor too far from the house because it will be difficult to take care of and manage the goat herd.

  • Materials for the barn

+ Take advantage of wood, bamboo shoots, bamboo, coconut tree trunks, areca …

+ All kinds of thatched leaves, tiles… used as materials for roofing.

Types of barns in goat farming techniques

Currently in our country there are many different models and sizes of goat stables:

  • Individual cages are also known as single cages.
  • Floor barn with dividers.
  • Floor barn but not divided.
  • The barn is ground floor but not divided.
  • Shared cages in the same area.

In some localities, farmers often build goat stables with the two most common types: Split floor barn and Undivided floor barn.

  • Floor barns with compartments are applicable when raising dairy goats, gilts and baby goats.
  • Floor barns without compartments applied when raising goats for meat

Other requirements

The distance from the farming floor to the ground is from 50 to 80cm in size.

The floor of the goat cage is only open 1 – 1.5cm in size for easy cleaning.

The cage wall must have a minimum size of 1.5 – 1.8cm in height, wooden or bamboo building materials, and 4 spokes spaced from 6 to 10cm apart.

The floor below the floor should have an incline of 2 to 3%, sloping towards the drain.

Care technique

Model of grazing goats

The technique of raising goats for grazing is suitable in a wide open area
Technology of raising goats raising goats grazing

This method is suitable for people in mountainous areas, because to raise grazing goats, we need a spacious and well-ventilated area for goats to move and operate.

Breeding goats in cages

The technique of raising goats is often seen in cages
Techniques for raising goats in cages

Raising goats in the form of cages is widely applied in medium and large-scale livestock farms, raising by specialized farming to bring about the highest economic efficiency.

Breeding goats in cages requires high care techniques, if not applied correctly, the goats will be susceptible to diseases, poor growth, and low productivity.

Goat food

Feed the goats and drink enough water
Provide adequate food for goats

BILLIONForage: grasses such as elephant grass, grass only, branches and leaves, fresh vegetables such as water spinach, sweet potato

Dry forage: green vegetables, grass is dried, the main food is straw.

Vegetables such as cassava, potatoes, carrots, … or even bananas, pears, …

There are also additional mixed feeds: mixed silage (taken corn stalks, sugarcane leaves, etc. incubated for 3 weeks), starchy foods such as crushed rice, rice and some salts and minerals. industrial vitamins.

Meal

Backed goat (kg/head/day) Pregnant female goat (kg/head/day) Male goats (kg/head/day)

Caring for goats for meat (kg/head/day)
the first 3 months Last 2 months
Raw food 2-5 3-5 4-5 4 (grass) 1.5 (protein-rich leaves 4-5
Refined food 0.2-0.2 0.3-0.5 0.4-0.6 0.4 0.4-0.6

Particularly for goats for milk

Feed intake (Kg) by body weight and milk yield
Weight 30kg/1kg milk/day Weight 30kg/2kg milk/day Weight 40kg/1kg milk/day Weight 40kg/2kg milk/day
Green grass 3.0 3.5 3.5 4.0
Jackfruit leaves, acacia bean 1.0 1.5 1.5 2.0
Refined food 0.3-0.4 0.4-0.6 0.4-.6 0.6-0.8

Amount of drinking water for goats:

Goats under 2 months old should provide them with 0.5 liters of clean water/day.

Goats over 2 months old should provide them with 5 liters of clean water/day.

Above is the most comprehensive and detailed goat farming technique. Everyone should apply to achieve the highest efficiency and productivity. Wished everyone success!

Emilia Chaney
Emilia Chaneyhttps://agrisearch.net
My name is Emilia Chaney. I'm a social girl from Romania with a big smile and 3 passions: Agriculture, Travel and Social Media. I try to make this blog practical, full of great advice and inspiring ideas.

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