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Techniques for Raising Ducks for Meat Meets Standards

The breed of meat swan grows and develops quickly, and the feed consumption/kg weight gain is low. The survival rate is high, the coat grows normally. Compared to the economic value with other commercial products, the Ngan is a poultry species that has stable prices for many years without ever falling. In this article, we will guide you to synthesize useful sources of knowledge to apply in Techniques of raising swans for meat.

  1. Prepare farm equipment

Breeding cages and equipment must be clean and empty, 15-20 days before raising. It should be handled according to veterinary hygiene procedures, swept or sprinkled with 40% lime, disinfected with 3% formol for 2-3 times. 1-2 days before going down to the ducklings, spray disinfectant for the last time (close the door glass to spray after 5h to 7h to open).

The bells for raising geese for meat must be handled according to standard hygiene procedures
The bells for raising geese for meat must be handled according to standard hygiene procedures

Use a corrugated iron feeder with a size of 70 cm – 2.5 m, used for 70-100 animals per trough.

At 1-2 weeks of age, use round drinking troughs of 2 liters type.

In the period of 3-12 weeks of age, use a round drinking trough of 5 liters type, used for 20-30 animals, 1 trough to ensure the supply of 0.3-0.5 liters of water per animal per day. swan.

A heater or electric bulb can be used to provide heat for the cubs. Use a 75W electric bulb with 1 crank (60 – 70 swan). In winter, 2 balls and 1 cage, in many places there is no electricity to use coal stoves, rice husk furnaces, etc.. It is necessary to pay close attention to exhaust pipes of rice husk stoves and rice husk furnaces to the outside of the barn. Otherwise, the high toxic gas content affects the health of the swans.

Using cork as crank, height 0.5m; 4.5 long; used for 60-70 birds 1 cage, from the 5th day gradually increase the corral area for the geese to exercise and eat. From the end of the 3rd week, at the beginning of the 4th week, remove the crank so that the swans can exercise and eat comfortably.

Breeding swans needs to be equipped with a corral area to serve as a place for swans to eat, drink and exercise
Breeding swans needs to be equipped with a corral area to serve as a place for swans to eat, drink and exercise

Use tarpaulin, pressed cork to cover around the geese cage to keep heat and avoid drafts.

The litter must be dry, clean, and not moldy. Use shavings, rice husks, if not use chopped hay, etc., spray disinfectant with 2% formol. The litter for the geese should be changed regularly.

There should be a yard, or a garden with a clean ditch for the geese to exercise and bathe from the middle of the 3rd week onwards. Wash and change the ditch twice a day to ensure that the geese are always showered with clean water.

Choose swans to bloom on the right day (from day 34 and 35) to be healthy and agile. Fluffy feathers, bright eyes, compact belly, fat legs, characteristic fluff color of the breed. Should separate male geese, hens raised separately from 1 day old. Goose R31: lemon yellow feathers, with black markings on the tail, geese R51: yellow or straw feathers, pink legs and bill, with or without black spots on the head. Super Heavy: Straw-yellow feathers with or without black spots on head, legs and pink bill.

  1. Density

Depending on the breeding conditions, the season and the climate, the density of the barn is determined. With moderate density, Ngan grows and develops well and limits the spread of diseases. From 0-4 weeks old: 15-20 animals per m2 of floor. From 9-12 weeks old: 5-7 animals per m2 of cage floor plus playground area is equal to 2 times of cage floor area.

  1. Temperature and lighting mode

The swans did not naturally regulate their body temperature in the first 2 weeks of being in the barn. Therefore, it is necessary to ensure the temperature for swans, if the temperature is not appropriate, the survival rate, the ability to grow are affected, and the swans are susceptible to respiratory and digestive diseases.

Because swans cannot regulate their body temperature naturally, geese farmers need to adjust the temperature of their environment
Because swans cannot regulate their body temperature naturally, geese farmers need to adjust the temperature of their environment

When warm enough, the geese are spread evenly in the crankcase, when there is a lack of heat, the swans lie on top of each other close to the heat source. If there is an excess of heat, it will spread out the heat source of thirst. The geese need lighting 24 hours a day, during the day take advantage of natural light to ensure a light intensity of 3W 1 m2 of the barn floor.

  1. Food and feeding methods

Must ensure that the food is always fresh, fragrant, and not moldy. The feed needs to be balanced in nutritional composition to meet the needs of the swan’s growth and development in each stage, using a variety of materials and supplementing animal and vegetable feeds, mineral premixes and supplements. vitamin.

For the purpose of the breeder, the swan grows quickly, so the amount of food is guaranteed to satisfy the needs of the swan. That doesn’t mean that just feed freely at the level that there is always food in the trough, so the food will be rancid and moldy. The decrease in food intake of swans affects growth and even causes diseases to swans. In order for the swans to eat a lot, good feed conversion efficiency should be given as follows: Feed the swans according to the meal plan, then feed the swans after running out of food. The new bran regularly and the aroma of the bran will stimulate the swans to eat more, and at the same time avoid the swans from pecking each other.

The main food of the swan is bran, rice and green vegetables
The main food of the swan is bran, rice and green vegetables

From 5-12 weeks old, swans can eat more green vegetables. To provide a basis for producers to plan the preparation of geese feed. The technique of raising swans is very simple if you pay attention to the problems of care and monitoring of common diseases in swans.

We hope with the information we have shared. For farmers, the technique of raising swans for meat will no longer be a difficult thing. Wish you all success1

Emilia Chaney
Emilia Chaneyhttps://agrisearch.net
My name is Emilia Chaney. I'm a social girl from Romania with a big smile and 3 passions: Agriculture, Travel and Social Media. I try to make this blog practical, full of great advice and inspiring ideas.

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