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Techniques for Raising Beef Fast – High Quality

Beef cattle farming techniques grow fast, for high economic efficiency, outstanding productivity, farmers need not only pay attention to the design of the barn, choose varieties, but most importantly, how to choose and mix food, strictly follow the regulations. determine the prevention and treatment of cow diseases… All the secrets will be revealed in the article below. We invite you to follow.

Cattle barn

The cattle barn must be convenient for the process of management, care, disinfection and sanitation. Choosing the land for the barn must be seamless, not divided, and the slope must not exceed 15%. In the case of land purchase, it is necessary to take into account the long-term husbandry period of 20-40 years, it is possible to expand the scale of grazing lawn, especially when raising dairy cows. It is advisable to build a barn on fertile soil, with a thick layer of cultivation and the ability to hold water.

For a large cattle farm, it is necessary to plan it into zones: building areas for barns, warehouses, offices, houses, and pastures. Divided into several cages, each area from 300 to 500m apart.

Cow sheds need to be carefully calculated to bring the most convenience in the care process
Cow sheds need to be carefully calculated to bring the most convenience in the care process

Before designing a cowshed, people should refer to many models of barns in the vicinity, in farms outside the province to have the knowledge to choose and improve the most suitable for their land fund.

The barn must not be too slippery or sharp to avoid injury to cows. The common way to make a beef barn is to design 2 rows with a corridor in the middle, the bar between the inner barn and the path in the middle should be used parallel bars or 60 degrees angled bar from the ground. The feeding trough is located right outside the corridor, should not be built high for convenience in the process of feeding the cows.

Especially, the technique of raising beef cattle in a fast-growing barn is the most effective, especially when designing the barn, people should make an extra playground in the back, without a roof for the cows.

Choose a breed of cow

In the technique of raising industrial beef cattle, the selection of breeds is very important, it will have to be suitable for climatic conditions, for good productivity and output, and for stable growth.

If raising household scale, people can choose the local golden cow breed. This breed is well-adapted but slow to grow, not suitable for the scale of livestock farming, the carcass rate is only 40-42%.

Currently, there are many breeds of cows raised for meat
Currently, there are many breeds of cows raised for meat

Breeding by semi-intensive method, farmers can choose one of the following varieties:

Sind crossbred cattle: this is a cross between Zebu cows and local yellow cows. They are tall and have good traction. Adult males can reach 400-450kg/head, females 250-300kg/head. The average carcass rate is close to 50%.

Droughtmaster beef: originating from Australia, well adapted to the climate in our country, also known as drought tolerant master. Cows have a tall body, adult males reach 900-1000kg/head, females reach 650-700kg/head. The percentage of carcass is high, accounting for 55%.

Red Sindhi cattle (Sind cows): This breed of cows is quite small in size but has a carcass ratio of 48-50%. Adult males reach 370-450kg/head, adult females reach 300-350kg/head.

Beef Blance Bleu Belge (BBB): This is known as the “meat production machine”. The average adult male can reach over 1 ton, the female about 770kg/head. The percentage of carcass meat is from 65 to 75%.

Veterinary hygiene

Concentrated livestock farms and beef stables in particular need to strictly comply with the veterinary hygiene practices specified in Article 4 of Circular 07/2016/TT-BNNPTNT. Some requirements are:

Perform cleaning, disinfection and sterilization in accordance with regulations, including inside and outside the breeding area.

  • Vaccination against disease

Periodic surveillance is required for certain infectious diseases

In addition, in order to minimize and prevent the spread of pathogens and minimize risks, livestock farms need to strictly follow the principles of veterinary hygiene, towards biosafety livestock.

  • Notes during disinfection

Only use disinfectant after cleaning the surface of the cage

After disinfecting, it must be completely dry to kill the maximum amount of bacteria.

The cage must be cleaned before using disinfectant
The cage must be cleaned before using disinfectant

The steps to clean and disinfect when there are no cows in the barn are carried out as follows:

Step 1: Clean the cow dung, organic matter on the barn and the surrounding area. You can use a broom or a shovel.

Step 2: Use water spray to clean. Some hard-to-clean areas such as corners and crevices should use a high-pressure hose. Leave to soak in water for 1-3 days.

Step 3: Use soap or lime water to wash the cage. Note, lime water must be diluted 30%.

Step 4: Use an antiseptic, the dose of the drug as indicated on the package or specific instructions of the veterinary staff. Note, people need to check the pH of clean water before diluting because hard water will reduce or lose the effect of the drug. When spraying disinfectant, the operator needs to wear protective clothing, unauthorized people are not allowed to approach.

Step 5: Let the barn dry for 1-2 days before putting the cows into the barn to ensure effectiveness, and at the same time avoid exposing the cows to the drug.

Deworming parasites for cows

In an effective way of raising cows, if you want to grow up quickly, people must disinfect the cows before putting them in the barn to avoid incubation of pathogens and disease arising in the process of raising and fattening.

Cow farmers need to periodically deworm their cows
Cow farmers need to periodically deworm their cows

Parasites in cows are divided into 2 types: internal parasites and external parasites.

Usually mites, blood-sucking lice, gulls, etc. They will make the herd of cows debilitated, anemic, and are an intermediary causing a number of diseases such as worms, worms, meningitis, typhus, etc.

You can refer to using drugs Ivermectin, Deltamethrin, Pyrethroid … mixed with water according to the prescribed dose and then sprayed on cows, paying attention to the groin, armpit and bib areas, – these are the locations where the parasites are common. Best.

Commonly found are worms and worms. In which, liver fluke accounts for 13.7 – 50.2%, grass fluke accounts for more than 70%. As a result, the cows suffer from anemia, reduce milk production, reduce growth, and reduce reproductive performance.

To start raising beef cattle effectively, people carry out internal parasite removal by using some drugs such as Bio – Alben, Bioxinil, Bio – Clormectin, Levamisol, Mebendazol … these drugs only use a single dose. and should not be used in pregnant cows. People strictly follow the dosage and usage according to the instructions written on the medicine and the instructions of the veterinarian.

Feed for cows

In the technique of raising fattening cows, people must pay special attention to the ration of feed for cows. Cows can eat a variety of foods, divided into 3 main food groups:

Forage: grasses, hay, cucurbits, tubers…

Refined food: All kinds of bran from cereals, dried oil…

Food supplement: bone meal, oyster meal, fish meal, urea, molasses, probiotics…

Food for beef cattle is divided into 3 main categories
Food for beef cattle is divided into 3 main categories

We are very happy to share with you the technique of raising beef cattle. You can save this information to use in your cow model.

Emilia Chaney
Emilia Chaneyhttps://agrisearch.net
My name is Emilia Chaney. I'm a social girl from Romania with a big smile and 3 passions: Agriculture, Travel and Social Media. I try to make this blog practical, full of great advice and inspiring ideas.

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