16 C
New York
Friday, April 12, 2024

Buy now

spot_img

Techniques for growing red flesh dragon fruit with high yield

Red flesh dragon fruit is a fruit with a high nutritional content that is most suitable for maintaining the shape and beauty of women. In addition, it also has many micronutrients needed by the body to help the body cool off on a hot day. To have a garden of red flesh dragon fruit with many quality fruits, it is necessary to have good planting and care techniques. Agri introduced Technique of growing red flesh dragon fruit many fruits and no pests in the following article.

Red flesh dragon fruit has a high nutritional content that is good for users
Red flesh dragon fruit has a high nutritional content that is good for users

Prepare the pillar:

The pillar is usually chosen with a diameter of over 25 cm, a length of 2.5 – 2.7 m, after being buried, it is still about 2.0 m high. Currently, the trend of farmers is to lower the pillar, that is, after burying the pillar, the average height is from 1.6 m to 1.8 m, and the diameter used is only about 15 cm.

Each pillar has four cuttings
Each pillar has four cuttings

Seed preparation:

Choose cuttings 30-40cm long, choose big, strong, straight branches, no pests and diseases, branch age > 6 months. The bottom of the cuttings (3-5cm long) is cut off the outer flesh, leaving the core, in order to avoid seedling rot, then dipped in a fungicide solution such as Benlate C, concentration of 0.1% for 5 minutes.

Soil preparation:

Soil is prepared 1-2 weeks before planting dragon fruit. Use Benomyl (0.1% concentration) to irrigate the soil before planting to prevent fungal diseases. The soil should be mounded to help with good drainage. Tissue size 10 -15cm high, diameter 60-0.80cm.

The soil used to grow dragon fruit is topsoil mixed with 15-20 kg manure (organic fertilizer: 10-15kg/pillar) + 500g Superphosphate + Basudin (2g/tissue).

Planting season:

Dragon fruit trees can be grown all year round, best planted in spring and autumn.

How to plant:

Put the core on the ground, the flat part of the dragon fruit body hugs the pole and use nylon rope to tie the branches to the pole, each pillar is set 4 hom.

Planting density 1100 posts/ha, planting distance: 3m x 3m

Sprinklers:

Cuttings after placing must be watered regularly 2 times / day (do not water too much will cause root rot), when the tree has grown and developed depending on the weather, water the plant, do not let it dry and do not water. too wet, pay attention to drainage when it rains and floods.

Pruning branches, creating canopy:

Take care of pruning branches to create a canopy for dragon fruit to produce many fruits
Take care of pruning branches to create a canopy for dragon fruit to produce many fruits

From the ground to the top of the pillar, only choose to leave one branch, during this time, it is necessary to pay attention to tie the branch close to the pillar so that the vital roots of the branch cling to the pillar so that the branch does not break when it rains and winds.

At the top of the pole, branches can be pruned to create a rounded canopy and evenly distributed around the pole. New branches on the top of the pillar will be pruned according to the principle: one mother branch, two young branches. Choose strong, healthy branches to leave. Regularly prune off mouse ear branches, diseased branches, branches hidden in the canopy, branches that have given fruit for 2-3 years

Fertilizing:

After planting 2 weeks (for plants with complete roots) can use Urea + DAP or NPK 16-16-8 or 20-20-15 watering, dosage 20-30g/head, 10 days/time

Plants 3-12 months use Urea + DAP or NPK 16-16-8 or 20-20-15 water 30-50g/head, 15 days/time depending on the type of soil and increase with age.

Plants 1-3 years: Can use manure or organic manure 20-50kg/head/year, divided into 2 times of fertilization. The first time is when the tree is about to bloom (February-March-March), the second time is September-October after the fruiting period, the period of new branches, and preparation for rearing in the off-season.

Use fertilizer NPK 20-20-15 or monomer Urea, DAP, KCl. When the tree is flowering and fruiting, it is necessary to pay attention to the high content of phosphorus and potassium, to stimulate new branches to need high nitrogen fertilization.

Fertilize suitable for plants to produce many flowers
Fertilize suitable for plants to produce many flowers

Foliar fertilizer: In order to stimulate the plant to flower quickly, increase the luster of the fruit peel, the hardness of the left ear and the size of the fruit, foliar fertilizers used in the market can be used. Depending on the purpose of use, choose different foliar fertilizer formulas. Stop spraying foliar fertilizer 2 weeks before fruit collection

Pests and diseases:

Ants: Dragon fruit is easily attacked by fire ants and ants, which can be easily prevented with insecticides. Spray (spread) around the base of the tree and right where the ants attack, or as a lure

Fruit fly: Can use bait (SOFRI protein) or fruit bag 7-10 days after pollination.

Branch rot, branch rot: Can be easily prevented with copper-based drugs such as Benlat C, Coc 85, Ridomyl.

Lamentations: Appears on branches and fruits: Prevention and treatment with Ridomyl, Antracol. For flowers 3-5 days after blooming, it is necessary to prune the pistil that has wilted at the top of the fruit, spray and cover the fruit with a non-woven bag.

Spray insecticide to make dragon fruit delicious
Spray insecticide to make dragon fruit delicious

Harvest:

Depending on the market, the fruit can be harvested between 29 and 31 days after the flowers bloom.

Emilia Chaney
Emilia Chaneyhttps://agrisearch.net
My name is Emilia Chaney. I'm a social girl from Romania with a big smile and 3 passions: Agriculture, Travel and Social Media. I try to make this blog practical, full of great advice and inspiring ideas.

Related Articles

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

- Advertisement -spot_img

Latest Articles