15.6 C
New York
Friday, May 17, 2024

Buy now

spot_img

Techniques for growing melons in foam boxes for high yields

Growing melons both produces delicious fruit and has a cool green roof. Recently, grow loofah in foam boxes to make the street garden more cool appear more and more. So, how to grow styrofoam loofah to have a lot of fruit? Together Agri Find out in this article!

1/ Characteristics of melon

The English name is Luffa Gourd. Herbaceous vines. Leaves alternate, heart-shaped, with 5-7 toothed lobes. The flowers are unisexual, the male flowers are concentrated in lobed clusters, while the female flowers are solitary. Fruit about 25-30cm long or more, about 6-8cm wide, oblong cylinder. When old, it is dry and has a lot of tough fibers inside.

2/ Nutrition of melon

According to experts, melon has mucilage, saponin, manganese, xylan, galactan, ligin, fat and protein. In fresh melon, there are many choline phytin, free amino acid radicals such as lysine, arginine, aspartic acid, glycin; threonin, etc. The melon seeds contain a bitter substance called cucurbitacin B, a bitter saponin that crystallizes when hydrolyzed to give aleanolic acid, neutral sapogenin and another saponin.

In addition, melon contains a lot of water, protid, lipid, glucid, cellulose, Ca, P, Fe, beta-carotene, vitamins of group B, C, …

3/ Effect of melon

According to Oriental medicine, melon is sweet, cool and non-toxic. It has the effect of regulating the menstrual cycle, clearing heat, laxative skin, smoothing the meridians, clearing the bowels and blood vessels. Burning the old fruit is used as a medicine to reduce leprosy, sputum, balance blood, detoxify, disinfect and clear milk.

According to research results of modern medicine, the fruits, leaves, and ropes of the melon can cure diseases. Watermelon is considered a “herbal” for women with the effect of whitening skin, reducing wrinkles and losing weight.

4/ Preparation for planting styrofoam

Planting season

Although melon can be grown all year round. But in order for melons to be rich in flavor, rich in nutrients and fruity, they should be planted in the right season. That is from February to June of the solar calendar.

Melons do not like cold air. Therefore, if planting at the end of the year or winter, it should be kept warm.

Planting pots/bins

The melon has strong roots and a wide canopy. Should choose pots/pots with a large size and deep cage so that the roots have space to develop.

At the same time, the pot / container needs to be punched on both sides about 2-3cm from the bottom to drain the water. Do not punch holes in the bottom of the barrel because it will lose water when watering.

Land for planting

It is a plant that prefers loose, aerated, well-drained and moisture-retaining soil. Soil has a pH of about 5.5 to 6.8. You can mix your own soil according to the ratio of 3 soil: 2 coco peat: 2 rice husks: 3 organic fertilizers (vermicompost). Or you can use organic clean soil specialized for growing vegetables at home on the market today.

In particular, SFARM organic clean soil specialized for vegetables and fruits is trusted by many gardeners. Because of a series of advantages, which are:

Convenient blending of organic ingredients

– Full of nutrients from organic humus, vermicompost and chicken manure

– Porous, breathable and moisture-retaining ingredients from coco peat ingredients, hunched rice husks

– Clean pathogens with agricultural lime, neem powder, antagonistic microorganisms and decomposers

– Mixed according to expert standard formula, optimal for fruit and vegetable growth and development.

Land to grow melon

Land to grow melon

Planting location

Melon is a sun-loving plant, so choose a location where the sun shines for about 6-7 hours/day. Ideal planting locations for styrofoam loofah such as terrace garden, balcony or next to the wall…

5/ How to grow loofah

Sowing and sowing seeds

To increase the germination rate of seeds, you should soak and incubate the seeds. Until the seedlings have 2-3 true leaves, they will be planted. With a simple seed incubation, specifically:

Soak the seeds in warm water about 40 degrees Celsius (2 boiling: 3 cold) for about 2-4 hours.

– Then bring the seeds to incubate in a closed towel for about 2-3 days until the fangs crack.

– Mix the seed nursery soil at the ratio of 1 vermicompost: 1 coco peat and sow the incubated seeds.

– Use nursery trays/blisters or eggshells, banana leaves to incubate seeds.

The technique of growing melon in a foam box

After the seedlings have 2-3 true leaves, they are planted in the prepared container. It is necessary to dig holes in the crate with the size of 10cm deep and 5-7cm wide. Finally, place the seedling in the hole and gently install the soil.

In the first 2 days, it is necessary to shade the seedlings from the sun to avoid heat shock. New plants need to be watered 1-2 times a day in the early morning and cool afternoon.

Note:

– Handle gently to avoid breaking the roots of the seedling.

– If mixing soil according to the formula or using SFARM organic clean soil, there is no need to fertilize the plants.

6/ How to take care of melon growing in foam boxes?

Sprinklers

In addition to sun-loving, melon is also a moisture-loving plant. Therefore, it is necessary to water twice a day in the early morning and in the cool afternoon to keep the soil moist enough for the plants. At the same time, always keep the planting soil well-ventilated to avoid the case of root rot that kills the plant.

When the melon begins to produce buds, flowers and results, reduce the number of watering times to 1 time / day. In particular, water in the area around the base of the melon tree.

Scaffold

Melon is a climbing plant, so it is necessary to build a strong, well-ventilated rig so that the tree can have lots of flowers and fruit. After about 1 month of planting, proceed to erect the truss for the tree to grow. The optimal height of the truss is about 1.5-2m.

Truss construction materials can be bamboo, wood, concrete pillars and specialized climbing nets for trees. Common types of truss are A-frame truss and vertical truss. Depending on the topography of the garden, make a suitable truss.

Pollination for melon

After about 2-3 months of planting, the plant begins to bud and flower. At that time, it is necessary to artificially pollinate the melon if there are few bees and butterflies in the garden.

It is advisable to pollinate early in the morning, before 9 am and avoid rainy days. Tear off the male petals, revealing the stamens. Then use the stamens to stir vigorously in the middle of the pistil of the female flower. Actions need to be quick, concise and decisive.

Fertilization

Melon requires a lot of phosphorus and potassium in the process of flower and fruit production. Therefore, it is necessary to choose a fertilizer with a balance of nutrients and minerals. Need to fertilize at the stage before flowering for melon. Should be fertilized with organic fertilizers (vermicompost, rotting manure, …) with healthy and balanced nutrition is the ideal choice for melons.

7/ Breeding melon

Melon is the simplest but best quality plant to propagate. Choose large, pest-free fruits and leave them on the tree until they are old. After the fruit is old, separate the seeds, remove the flat seeds and wash them. Leave in the sun for 2-3 days until the silk seed coat dries. Store seeds in a cool and dry place.

8/ Harvest melon

After 40-45 days of planting, proceed to collect the green melons. Melon has a long harvest time, so after the harvest, it is necessary to add organic fertilizer for the plants. Helps plants have enough nutrients for the next batch of fruit.

If the melon produces small fruit, it may be because the amount of pods reduces the nutrition of the tree. At that time, you should prune the fruit and add more nutrients to the tree.

Emilia Chaney
Emilia Chaneyhttps://agrisearch.net
My name is Emilia Chaney. I'm a social girl from Romania with a big smile and 3 passions: Agriculture, Travel and Social Media. I try to make this blog practical, full of great advice and inspiring ideas.

Related Articles

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

- Advertisement -spot_img

Latest Articles