Mango is a tropical fruit tree, easy to grow, fruit has high nutritional value. In addition, mango is also used as a shade tree, creating a landscape for many garden miniatures, rural landscapes of many garden cafes, etc.Techniques of growing mango trees We will share in this article, please read along.
Mangoes are grown all year round, but preferably at the beginning of the rainy season. However, if planted with a small amount, we can plant in many different seasons, as long as we avoid hot and cold weather and provide enough water to irrigate the plants after planting.
How to grow
Dig a small hole in the middle of the hole, cut out the plastic bag and put the potting in the middle of the hole, fill it with soil to fit the root neck, compact it around. Then plug 2 cross X-poles into the tree and tie the rope to avoid shaking the root and killing the tree. After planting the cabinet around the root with straw, rotten garbage and watering, keep the plants moist for the first month to create the necessary moisture for the roots to develop.
After 1 month of planting, the tree is stable, make a nylon incision in the graft for the tree to grow and develop. When the plant has grown to 3 leaves, it should be pressed to remove the buds. When the plant has a secondary bud, choose 3 strong growth buds located in an equilateral triangle, press the buds as above, until the young shoots of these 3 buds have grown enough 3 more leaves, then press the tops again.
Just press the buds until the 3rd time, then let the plant grow naturally. In the mature tree stage, it is advisable to prune branches that grow inside the canopy, branches that are too close to the ground, diseased branches, ineffective branches and flower stalks, branches of the previous season.
When the tree is young, it is only 1-3 years old when planted. During this period, the tree grows strongly almost all year round to complete the canopy frame. Therefore, it is very necessary to provide enough fertilizer, enough water, and eliminate weeds regularly to create favorable conditions for plants to grow.
During the period when the plants are young, watering can be carried out all year round to provide enough water for the young buds to form and develop. Especially in the first time after planting, watering needs to be maintained every 3-4 days.
Later, the number of watering less and less, but must maintain regular moisture for the area around the root. In order to reduce weeds and prevent water evaporation, we should use rotted straw, dry grass, and store them around the base, cover the canopy with a radius of 0.8-1m, and leave the area empty. 20cm to limit insects, insects nesting, destroying the tree stump.
In the early period, due to the small canopy set, weeds have the conditions to grow and develop. Therefore, weeding needs to be done regularly and is a laborious job.
However, depending on the characteristics of each region, we have different suitable grass treatment methods. If the garden only has broadleaf straight grasses growing, weed control will be much simpler and less laborious.
The simplest way to kill this type of weed is to use a long-handled knife, the tip of the knife is curved like a sickle. When the grass is about 20cm high, use a knife to cut it close to the ground to cut off the grass. The severed stems are collected, dried and then stored around the base of the tree.
Early flowering treatment
It is a job aimed at avoiding the situation when the harvest is in full swing, the price will drop. Of course, gardeners must consider carefully and have sufficient conditions and technical qualifications to be able to perform early flowering.
For old mango trees, it is possible to water when the tree has 1-2 buds, for young trees, water when the tree has 2-3 buds. Water when the plant has just reached the end of about 10cm or leaves silk. It is possible to use some growth inhibitors for irrigation such as Paclobutrazol 10%, dose of 10cc mixed with 5-10 liters of water to irrigate 1m of canopy diameter and water close to the root, then keep moist for 20 days. 2 months later using KNO or Dola 02X.
Every year, each root should be fertilized with 200-400g of NPK 16-16-8 fertilizer and about 200g of urea, this amount of fertilizer is divided into 2 applications at the beginning and the end of the rainy season. About how to fertilize, it can be applied by hole or spread evenly around the root according to the scope of the canopy and 0.3-0.5m from the root. In addition, it is recommended to add 1-3 kg of KOMIX specialized fertilizer for fruit trees to add organic matter to the soil to help mango trees grow stably.
- Mature plant stage
Apply at least 2-5 kg/plant of NPK 16-16-8 and 3-4 kg of KOMIX fertilizer, evenly divided into 2 times at the beginning of the rainy season (when the tree bears fruit) and in September-October (calendar year). before flowering). The amount of fertilizer can be increased after the successful years so that the tree recovers its strength for the next year’s fruit.
The disease causes black rot of flowers, flower drop, and black rot on fruit. Use Benlat C or Score 250 EC to spray from when flowers bloom to 2 months later with 7 days of spraying 1 time, then 1 month after that.
Infesting and damaging leaves, flowers and fruits, especially flowers and inflorescences. Use Rhidomila MZ 72WP, Anvil 5SC, …
Due to the secretion of aphids, use: Bassa 50 EC, Trebon 2.5 EC and can spray copper-based fungicides, etc.
The disease develops during the rainy season, causing damage mainly on leaves. Prevention by cutting off diseased leaves, spraying Rhidomil MZ 72 WP, Kasumin 2L, …
- Stem borer, branch borer
Use light traps to catch adult worms, inject into the hole with strong fumigant or internal steaming drugs such as: Actara 25 WG, Padan 95SP, plug the hole with clay to kill the young worms.
Aphids cause diseases in the hot season, making mangoes underdeveloped. The period of strong damage is from October of the previous year to June of the following year. Use Bassa 50 EC, Trebon 2.5 EC, Supracide 40 EC, Twin Code 24.5 EC, etc.
Flies enter the fruit when the rind is old, lay eggs under the shell, and the young caterpillars eat the fruit, causing rot and fruit loss. Use Sherpa 25 EC, Luc Son 0.26 DD, Padan 95 SP.
Caused by the fungus Dipldia Natalensis damage on branches, leaves and fruits. Young branches appear dark spots spreading gradually to the leaves. The leaves are also turned brown, the leaf cover is rolled up. Pus can be seen on the infected branches. Longitudinal splits of diseased branches may show brown streaks inside due to damaged plastic vessels. The disease thrives when the air humidity is high, spreads quickly in the rainy season. On the left, the rind around the left stem is dark waterlogged, then spreads to a round black area, after 2-3 days can cause fruit rot.
Use Bordo spray periodically when detecting disease. The left side can be dipped in a dilute borax solution at a concentration of 0.06%.
When the fruit is old, the rind is bright, and the ripeness is characteristic of the variety, then harvested. Should be harvested in cool, dry weather. The harvested fruit needs to be sorted. If transporting over long distances, they should be packed in baskets or crates with no more than 5 layers (the crates must be lined with straw or paper between the layers of fruit). After harvesting, clean around the canopy, prune old branches, diseased branches and continue to care.
Above is information related to the technique of growing mango trees we want to share with you for reference. Hopefully with this article, farmers will accumulate more useful experiences for themselves.