According to Oriental medicine, kudzu (Cat root) has a sweet taste, cool properties, is used to treat colds, fevers, headaches, body aches, high fever, dry lips, thirst, constipation, and high fever. blood pressure, headache, diabetes treatment… Many people grow cassava but still have not brought the highest efficiency. Today, let’s learn about cassava cultivation technique Please.
Prepare planting tools and soil
You can make use of cement bags, sacks, pots, trays, Styrofoam containers available at home or vacant land in the garden to grow cassava. Note: The bottom of the tray is perforated for drainage.
If growing cassava in styrofoam containers, buckets or bags, it is necessary to choose the type with a depth of 1m or more.
Land for planting
Cassava can be grown on many different soils. However, the plant will give the highest yield if grown on loamy, porous and nutrient-rich soil.
You can buy ready-made soil or proceed to mix the soil with decaying cow manure, chicken manure, vermicompost, rice husks, coir, peat, organic humus… Should be lined with lime and then dried for 15-20 days before planting to treat pathogens in the soil.
Select varieties and plant cassava
Cassava is usually propagated by cuttings or tubers.
Tapioca Grown by the stem should choose the ropes, the length of the cassava wire to plant from 0.5 – 1m (every 15 – 20cm with a sprout eye is the best). When the wire is finished cutting, take lime I have dipped on both ends to keep the tree fresh for a long time and avoid fungal diseases.
Then, take a knife to cut the branches that grow on the wire without causing the wire to scratch, it will be dehydrated and dry. The seed wire should be rolled into a circle, 20-25cm in diameter.
Growing by cuttings:
Choose a twig branch, cut a segment so that there are 2-3 sprout eyes, put the cuttings into the potting soil after about 1 – 1.5 months, then you can proceed to plant (when planting, check to see if the tree has grown. When the roots are fully developed, they can be planted.)
Planting with bulbs:
After harvesting within 1 week, choose good tubers without pests to plant. Cut the tubers into pieces 5-7cm long and wide, dip the cut into the kitchen ash, let it dry in a dry place, and then plant it straight into the hole or into the pot.
In addition, it is possible to incubate the tubers to germinate for planting by cutting the top half of the tuber, dipping the cut side into kitchen ash to dry the cut. Place tubers on straw, sacks or rice husks in layers, on top of each layer spread kitchen ash mixed with phosphate fertilizer. Top covered with straw, shade and regularly water just enough moisture. After 2-3 weeks, the sprouted tubers can be planted.
After preparing the seeds and planting land, dig a planting hole of 0.8 x 0.8m size, 0.3 – 0.5m deep, 2m away from the hole. Pour the layer of straw humus, decaying leaves to the bottom of the hole. Sprinkle a layer of powdered soil 5-10cm thick on top of the humus layer. Place the seedling and cover the top with humus, straw or decaying leaves (avoid filling the sprouts). Water the plant to keep it moist.
Take care of
When the sprouts grow 10-20cm, make a truss for cassava vines or make use of large wooden trunks for climbing cassava. When the cassava stem is about 1m high, wind it again, then cover it with soil and humus for the purpose of creating a second layer of tubers.
Regularly clean the weeds, cultivate to ensure the soil is always porous.
Phase 1: After planting for about 1 month, dilute urea for additional irrigation at the rate of 2 teaspoons of urea per 8-liter jar.
Phase 2: After planting about 3 months, apply 200g of NPK 16-16-8 and 5-10kg of manure for each root.
Need to plug scrub for vines (plug in the shape of A like how to grow fruit and vegetables). Note: Absolutely do not let the wire touch the ground because the part that touches the ground is likely to grow new roots, affecting the yield and quality of starch in the tubers later. Watering only when the drought is prolonged and in normal weather, there is no need to water.
After planting about 8-9 months, the cassava plant can be harvested. When the leaves on the tree begin to turn yellow and gradually fall (yellow leaf shedding), it can be harvested.
Above is cassava cultivation techniques that we want to share with you. Hope you will apply it to improve productivity.