Vegetables are vegetables that are easy to eat, easy to prepare, and rich in nutrients that are often found in the daily meals of Vietnamese people. However, this vegetable is very simple to care for, fast to harvest with very high yield. Therefore, many housewives, especially city women, choose to grow vegetables in styrofoam boxes on balconies and terraces. To have vegetables to eat all year round and ensure hygiene and safety, let’s put the bag right away vegetable growing techniques in the effective foam box through the following article.
Prepare soil or media and Styrofoam containers for growing vegetables
In fact, it can be said that compared to other vegetables and fruits, vegetables are the easiest to grow, fast to harvest with less effort.
However, although vegetables can live on many types of soil, if you grow them at home, you should still choose loose, fertile and nutrient-rich soil to plant. Since the main purpose is to provide clean and quality vegetables for the family to eat, vegetables grown in good soil will be more effective.
The steps to prepare the soil or growing medium for vegetables are as follows:
- Prepare enough fertile soil for the number of styrofoam boxes that you want to plant along with coir chips or locust shells, rotting manure, the ratio is usually 1:1: 1.
- Mix all ingredients together, incubate for at least 1 week and then dry for a few days to remove pathogens and microbiology pests
- Put the prepared soil mixture into the Styrofoam containers, leaving only about 3-5cm of space above the Styrofoam
- In case you do not have the conditions to make your own soil, only you should go to the addresses that provide ornamental plants or nurseries to buy ready-made land for planting.
Particularly for Styrofoam boxes, it is possible to make use of the most rectangular foam boxes with a depth of at least 20cm to grow vegetables. Note extra holes in the bottom and around the foam box to create ventilation and prevent waterlogging for vegetables.
Choosing varieties, planting vegetables in styrofoam
On the market, there are many varieties of cabbage for housewives to choose to grow in Styrofoam containers at home such as collard greens, collard greens, mustard greens, lettuce, kale, bok choy, etc. , broccoli is still more suitable for growing in styrofoam.
On the other hand, you can also choose varieties according to the eating preferences of the whole family or plant many varieties at the same time if there is a large planting space to change the taste.
Growing vegetables in styrofoam can be grown with both seeds or seedlings, specific process:
Grow vegetables by sowing seeds
- Choose to buy qualified vegetable seeds at a reputable store
- Cut the seed bag, take out the seeds and soak them in warm water at the ratio of 2 boiling: 3 cold at a temperature of 45 – 50 degrees Celsius for 2-4 hours.
- Take out the seeds and put them in a damp towel to incubate at room temperature 25 – 27 degrees Celsius for 10-12 hours
- When you see that the seeds begin to crack, they are planted in the styrofoam containers that have been prepared before
- How to sow seeds into the soil: just press the seeds lightly into the soil to estimate the appropriate distance and density on the surface of the foam box, water lightly and evenly around
- You can use rice straw to cover the top to keep moisture, stimulate seeds to germinate quickly
Grow vegetables by planting seedlings
- Buy seedlings at nurseries or at the market, choose healthy, green growing plants with 2-3 true leaves, no pests
- Dig small holes in the soil in a styrofoam container, place the seedling in the hole, and fill it with just enough compacted soil for the plant to stand
- Water immediately after planting with the right amount
Caring for vegetables in each growth stage
Grown on a balcony or a cool terrace, you should regularly water the vegetables twice a day.
On sunny days, watering should be done in the early morning and evening to reduce evaporation. Each time watering should be watered evenly on the leaf surface to the root, should not water too much can cause waterlogging, root rot.
At the same time, the soil should be loosened at least once a week to create ventilation.
Many women often skip the step of fertilizing vegetables grown in Styrofoam containers at home because they think it’s not really necessary. However, the practice of fertilizing can stimulate plants to faster for harvest, yield and quality.
With vegetables grown in styrofoam containers, they should be fertilized with rotting manure such as chicken manure, cow dung, vermicompost… after planting about 10 days. The next fertilizer application is about 12-15 days after the first time.
Do not forget to clean the weeds in the foam box so that the plants do not lose nutrients.
Vegetables are very easy to grow and develop, with high yields if applied correctly. Usually you only need to take care of about 40-45 days to be harvested.
With very simple techniques, you already have styrofoam boxes of fresh green vegetables that you can’t eat all year round!