Home Agriculture Farming Technical instructions for growing Thanh Ha guava with surprisingly high yield

Technical instructions for growing Thanh Ha guava with surprisingly high yield

Technical instructions for growing Thanh Ha guava with surprisingly high yield
Technique of growing guava Thanh Ha
Get rich from Thanh Ha guava growing technique

Guava Thanh Ha Guava is a famous type of guava with high yielding varieties, standard quality, large, delicious, crunchy fruits and sweet and cool taste, characteristic flavor, fragrant aroma when ripe.

In addition, Thanh Ha guava is also one of the fruits with good health and uses in medicine, Thanh Ha district has become a place to grow guava (economic tree) bringing high profits.

Technique of growing guava Thanh Ha

Choose varieties

Choose a variety of guava Thanh Ha
Selection of guava varieties Thanh Ha

Selection of guava varieties before planting, there are varieties: Bo guava, sage guava, fat guava, peach guava, turmeric guava, glove guava… Recently there are some new seedless varieties such as: Taiwan seedless guava, non-seeded guava. seeds MT1, Phugi guava, Thai guava… People here often choose Thai guava with thick pulp, few seeds. In addition, people should also pay attention to the planting season: in the North, Thanh Ha guava is grown mainly in the spring-summer crop (March – May) and the summer-autumn crop (August – October); in the South planted at the beginning of the rainy season (May-June).

Guava is not difficult to grow, but if you do not master the basic techniques and how to take care of the tree, it is difficult to make the tree grow and produce many fruits, even with flowers and no fruit. Farmers should apply the following planting techniques to increase the quality and yield of fruit to bring about high economic benefits.

In addition to economic efficiency, guava leaves are also used to treat many diseases effectively

Improve the soil and dig planting holes

Digging holes to plant guava Thanh Ha
Digging holes to plant guava Thanh Ha

The soil is barren and infertile, contaminated with alum, if not carefully improved, it is difficult to grow trees. Make sure that the soil type is fertile soil, rich in nutrients for plant growth, make the soil loose, airy, hold water well, the cultivation layer is over 50 cm thick; especially alluvial soil is very good for guava tree to grow for high yield, delicious fruit.

3-4 weeks before planting, growers need to dig holes and fertilize 3-4 weeks before planting; pit size 50 x 50 x 50 cm (length x width x depth); planting density between rows from 2.5-3.0 m; trees from 2.5 to 3.0 trees, equivalent to 1,400 – 1,500,0 trees/ha. Absolutely do not dig a hole too small because the long and wide roots will not have enough space to breathe.

Planting techniques

Technique of growing guava Thanh Ha
Technique of growing guava Thanh Ha

Before planting, you should prune all the wild sprouts at the base (if any) then remove, remove the materials around the pot, place the tree in the middle of the hole, fill the rootstock with soil 5-10 cm; plugging stakes to keep plants from being shaken by the wind, affecting rooting, immediately watering the plants, should not be watered in the evening, should be watered in the early morning.

Thanh Ha guava usually has a wide canopy, low stem and many fruits, so right from the time the tree is young, you should prune the wild sprouts from the rootstock; when the graft is 40-50 cm long, press the top to produce level 2 branches and continue like that for a level 3 tree; Each tree has 8-10 branches spread out evenly on all sides for a beautiful canopy.

In addition, Thanh Ha guava tree needs to always ensure moisture, when it rains heavily, it must remove all the water immediately. The difference of this type of guava is that each inflorescence after fruiting only leaves 1 fruit / bunch.

How to take care of guava tree

Young plants usually grow quickly and grow quickly if they are fertilized and take good care of them periodically as follows

– Fertilizer: Caregivers should fertilize each hole with 5 kg of rotting manure + 1 kg of bio-organic fertilizer HVP 401B + 100g micronutrients HVP Oganic + 0.5-1.0 kg super phosphate + 100g urea nitrogen + 100g of potassium + 0.5 kg of lime, mix well with powdered soil (about 2/3 of the depth of the hole), then put the tree and put the powdered soil on top with a thickness of 10-15 cm.

– Fertilization: After planting Thanh Ha guava a month, growers need to fertilize from 0.1 to 0.2 kg / tree; then every month fertilize from 0.1-0.2 kg/plant. When the guava tree bears fruit, it is necessary to apply NPK (20 – 20 – 15) every month 0.2 – 0.3 kg until the fruit begins to ripen.

Guava care
Taking care of Thanh Ha guava varieties

When farmers have planted about 10 days, fertilisers can use HVP 6-4-4 K-HUMAT to spray and water the roots 2 times each time 7-10 days apart to help the plants recover quickly after planting. Next, growers should spray HVP 1001.S to plant more branches and nourish leaves. About 6-12 months after planting, depending on the variety (when pressing the top to stimulate flowering) farmers should spray HVP 1601 twice each 7-10 days.

During the period of Thanh Ha guava tree bud and about to bloom, it is recommended to use HVP TDT to increase flower density and promote large fruit. In the fruit bearing stage, to limit fruit drop, the tree needs to be used HVP Super Calcium Super Bo and HVP 1001.S we sprayed twice 10 days apart to increase fruit weight. And 20 days before harvesting, growers should spray HVP 1001.S to increase the quality of guava.

How to prevent pests

Guava growers in Thanh Ha are not irrigated with fresh manure, contaminated water to irrigate trees, weak young trees will be very easy to die. When mites, aphids, leafworms, fruit maggots appear, plants should be sprayed with Sherpa 0.2-0.3%, Trebon 0.2% or biological bait traps such as Vizubon, etc. To prevent late blight, fruit spot, people need to spray Ridomil 0.2%, Anvil 0.2% and can prevent disease and make fruit color beautiful by wrapping the fruit with polyethylene bags or other materials.

Hopefully from the experiences shared above, you will be successful with your guava garden. Good luck folks!



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