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Technical instructions for growing chili peppers to meet export standards

Speaking of chili peppers, we immediately think of their pungent flavor and characteristic aroma. This is also one of the chili peppers that meet the requirements of consumers and are quite easy to grow. Chili peppers are not difficult to grow and harvest, but not everyone can do it to bring great profit from growing sky peppers. In today’s post we will share with you techniques for growing chili peppers export standards. If this is also an issue you are interested in, do not hesitate to follow our article.

Choosing varieties and growing season of chili

  • Choose only natural chili varieties

On the market today, there are a number of varieties of chili peppers with characteristic pungent taste, high yield and good resistance to pests and diseases. You can learn about chili varieties at reputable nurseries to own the best quality chili garden.

There are many different varieties of chili peppers today
There are many different varieties of chili peppers today
  • The season to grow chili is only natural

Usually, farmers will choose to grow chili peppers only in 2 main seasons of the year:

Spring crop: Chili seeds will usually be sown in January of the solar calendar and start to be planted at the end of February, so peppers can be harvested or from April to July.

Autumn-winter crop: Chili seeds will be sown in mid-August and planted around mid-September. Thus, peppers will be collected from November to February next year.

How to grow chili from seedlings

  1. Choose land to make a nursery

In order for chili peppers to grow best, the soils should be chosen as loose, humus-rich and well-drained soil. In particular, the soil must be plowed carefully and free from harmful pests.

After selecting the land, the farmer needs to proceed to the beds, the width for each bed is from 80-100cm, the height is the same from 20 to 30cm. Chili growers should use composted manure to fertilize, which can also be replaced with microbial fertilizers.

  1. Soak the seeds of chili peppers

If you want to grow chili peppers, you cannot skip the seed soaking stage. To soak the seeds, first you need to dry the chili seeds in the sun for about 1-2 hours.

Next, you remove suspended seeds, rotten seeds and continue to soak in clean water. In about 8 hours.

Take out the chili seeds, drain the water, then put the seeds in a cloth to incubate until the seeds crack. Then continue to cover the seeds with moist, airy paper until sprouts appear.

  1. The technique of growing chili is only natural

Pepper growers need to treat the surface of the soil to make it porous, then sow the germinated pepper seeds. Note that ant medicine should be sprayed on t and covered with straw to keep the seeds warm. Seedlings are quite weak, so farmers need to pay special attention to using domes to shield trees from environmental influences.

It is necessary to make the surface of the soil porous before planting chili peppers
It is necessary to make the surface of the soil porous before planting chili peppers

Seedling care techniques

Since sowing seeds, growers need to pay special attention to the state of seedlings day by day. When the seedling has enough moisture, begins to sprout, remove the initial layer of straw.

When the seedling has grown from 4-5 leaves, spray with special medicine to treat root rot. Note that at this time the seedlings still need to be covered with plastic wrap.

When the seedling is about 15-20cm old, it is the most favorable time to plant it outside.

By the time the pepper plants flower, the plants need to be kept warm. Especially during the branching period, growers should pay attention to removing the lower branches close to the root to help the tree breathe and avoid pests.

Chili plants are not very resistant to bad weather conditions. Therefore, it is necessary to have stakes to fix the trunk to limit the damage caused by high winds and heavy rain.

Chili only needs to be fixed on the body so that it is not affected by the weather
Chili only needs to be fixed on the body so that it is not affected by the weather

Prevention of some pests and diseases on chili peppers

  1. The only pests of chili peppers

During the growth and development of chili peppers, there will be harmful pests such as: leaf-eating caterpillars, leaf-biting caterpillars, gray caterpillars, red spiders, fruit borers, thrips, soft aphids…

Pepper growers need to use specialized drugs to eliminate pests and help plants grow best.

  1. Diseases that damage plants

Chili plants can also suffer from diseases such as: Bacterial wilt disease, Downy mildew, leaf spot, leaf yellowing, root neck disease, fruit rot, leaf drop, fruit drop… These diseases all have special drugs. With their own treatment, growers can look to agricultural experts to be provided with the most specific drugs that bring high efficiency.

Chili only needs to be removed from pests and diseases to grow best
Peppers only need to be removed from pests and diseases to grow best

Hopefully with the articles that we share, you will understand more about technique Cultivation of chili peppers only brings high yield and good quality. Thank you for your interest in following the article.

Emilia Chaney
Emilia Chaneyhttps://agrisearch.net
My name is Emilia Chaney. I'm a social girl from Romania with a big smile and 3 passions: Agriculture, Travel and Social Media. I try to make this blog practical, full of great advice and inspiring ideas.

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