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Technical Guide to Raising Hedgehogs Properly From Experts

In recent years, porcupine farming has developed in many households, bringing stable economic results. The following article would like to introduce to you hedgehog farming techniques and the experiences of those who have followed the hedgehog farming model for many years with high efficiency.

The area for raising meat porcupines and breeding porcupines

According to general research, each pair of hedgehogs needs an average of about three square meters. The barn was built one meter high and the concrete floor of the barn was slightly tilted. In the process of cleaning, the water gathers in one corner. The barn is drier and the farmer is also less difficult.

The hedgehog cage should be built according to the standard size enough for the hedgehog to grow and develop
The hedgehog cage area needs to be built according to the standard size enough for the hedgehog to grow and develop

If you have raised pigs before, you can also make use of the barn that is still raised. No need to be fussy about the barn. Pay attention to cleaning and disinfecting the old cage when raising hedgehogs.

Hedgehog breeders need to clean the breeding area every day by spraying water to scrub the cage. Do not leave leftovers, porcupine droppings and always keep the breeding area clean.

What do hedgehogs eat?

Preparing food for the hedgehog is also important. You should know what hedgehogs like to eat and prepare edible and easy-to-find hedgehog foods.

This is an omnivore, so their food is very rich, which can include insects, roots, leaves, sprouts, rice, corn, beans, vegetables.

Through the practical experience of the breeding households, the food that porcupine likes the most is pumpkin, tuber, soybean, papaya, sweet potato, potato, peanut, sugar cane, corn kernels, cassava, tree. bananas, bananas, maize, figs, figs, taro, guava, rice bran, elephant grass, morning glory and sweet potato.

Every week, you need to add hard bones for the hedgehog to gnaw to help increase Ca. And also for the hedgehog to sharpen his teeth.

Hedgehogs are omnivores, so in addition to vegetables, they can eat many other foods
Hedgehogs are omnivores, so in addition to vegetables, they can eat many other foods

Usually porcupines eat two pounds of food a day, but when they breed, they need to increase their food. Hedgehogs eat vegetables that already have a large water content, so they drink less water.

However, in the cage, it is necessary to arrange a clean water trough for the hedgehog to replenish when necessary. Add just enough water, not too much, to avoid stagnant water and storage. It is necessary to change fresh clean water every day to limit diseases for hedgehogs. Drinking water can be pumped from wells normally, changed twice a day.

Actively source food for hedgehogs

The cost of feeding birds is only one-quarter, one-fifth compared to raising pigs and chickens. Most of the hedgehog raising households take advantage of the large garden land to grow more food sources. The most commonly grown food is bananas.

Planting about 100 banana trees in the garden will ensure a source of clean fruit. Every week, bananas are cut to ripen naturally for the hedgehog to eat.

Or you can take advantage of vacant land such as upland and hilly land to grow noodles. If your garden is large, grow more vegetables and sweet potatoes.

Standard hedgehog farming techniques

Hedgehogs are mainly active at night. In the morning, porcupines mainly sleep from ten am to three o’clock. Breeders should note that there should be no activities that disrupt the sleep of the hedgehog in the afternoon. Be proactive from the moment you choose the location to make the barn.

Noon is the time when hedgehogs take a nap, so do not touch them at this time
Noon is the time when hedgehogs take a nap, so do not touch them at this time

If cared for properly, the hedgehog will hardly get sick. To prevent diseases for hedgehogs, you need to pay attention to keeping the barn clean. Do not feed porcupines with moldy, rancid food, change the water regularly to prevent disease sources.

Every week you also need to add bitter and acrid food sources such as green guava, carrot, vegetable root, coconut root. This is a rich source of tannin, so it helps to increase the ability to prevent intestinal diseases for hedgehogs such as diarrhea, …

Generally from birth to one year. Hedgehogs grow steadily, each month can gain one kilogram of weight. After this period, growth slows down. Therefore, if raising porcupines to fatten up for meat, they should only be raised within a year.

After a year, the hedgehog’s growth will slow down, reducing the economic viability for farmers.

Note on breeding porcupine breeding techniques

For hedgehogs raised for breeding, you should not raise fattening. Cut down on the amount of food to ensure the hedgehog grows about eight ounces per month is best. Hedgehogs are pregnant for a period of 90-95 days. During this time, you should separate from the male hedgehog so that the pregnant hedgehog develops better and reproduces more easily.

A hedgehog from birth, raised for about three months, will separate, pair for living together. Of course, one male and one female throughout the life cycle. Many porcupine raising households said that each month, if cared for well, the hedgehog will gain one kilogram and a year, the hedgehog will gain about ten kilograms.

And about a year after the separation, the first spawning begins. Hedgehogs usually breed twice a year. Each litter will usually give two children. There are children who give birth to one child, rarely give birth to three children, but most of them give birth to two children.

Hedgehogs after birth about 3 months can be separated
Hedgehogs after birth about 3 months can be separated

In the process of feeding all natural foods, during the breeding period, the amount of fruits and vegetables should be increased slightly compared to the normal diet. Long-time porcupine farmers have learned from the experience of pairing one male with two to three females for more efficiency.

Hopefully, with the experience and techniques of raising porcupines from long-term breeding households shared above. Help you shape a bit more about how to raise hedgehogs. Although the farming technique is not difficult, the feed source can take advantage of many low costs. However, it is also necessary to understand the characteristics of hedgehogs to be flexible in breeding. How to make hedgehogs grow well and healthy. Wish you success with the model of raising porcupines or breeding porcupines.

Emilia Chaney
Emilia Chaneyhttps://agrisearch.net
My name is Emilia Chaney. I'm a social girl from Romania with a big smile and 3 passions: Agriculture, Travel and Social Media. I try to make this blog practical, full of great advice and inspiring ideas.

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