In animal husbandry, in order to achieve success, in addition to the factors of feeding, breeding and disease prevention, we also have to pay attention to the extremely important stage of grasping science and applying science to technology. husbandry arts. For the purpose of disseminating breeding techniques to all poultry farmers in general, especially chicken farmers in particular, we would like to share Poultry farming techniques aims to equip more knowledge to help farmers achieve more success.
Regarding the barn, it is necessary to plan and design in accordance with the conditions of each ecological region, each object and stage of livestock to ensure good growth and reproduction of animals, convenient for management and implementation of solutions. biological safety.
It is necessary to have a waste treatment system, not discharge directly into the environment. With waterfowl that can have stables for industrial farming or barns combined with ponds and lakes, etc., it is necessary to have solutions to manage and control flocks to avoid being infected with diseases from the environment or other livestock, especially diseases. avian flu.
Actively quality seed
Selection of high-yield, high-quality varieties, suitable to the advantages of each region, each locality and the tastes of consumers. Buy seeds at reputable establishments, ensure quality, are licensed for production, have a history of the breed, have been vaccinated according to Veterinary requirements and have been granted a quarantine certificate by the Veterinary Department.
Depending on the purpose of breeding, the economic conditions of the family that choose the right breed. Breeding for reproductive purposes, farmers can choose some chicken breeds such as Isa Brown, Egypt, Hyline Brown, Goldline, etc. TC super egg duck, etc. For commercial farming, choose chicken breeds like Luong Phuong, domestic breeds such as Dong Tao, Ri, a cross between domestic cocks (Cane, Dong Tao, Ri, Choi, ..) with colored hens, ducks like Gourd White, Super Meat, ..
About food and drink
Actively provide quality and nutritious animal feed suitable for each age of poultry; can take advantage of locally available materials in combination with industrial feed to reduce costs. Do not use banned substances to stimulate growth such as clenbuterol, salbutamol, raptopamine,.. antibiotics in the banned list. Use antibiotic treatment according to the 4 right principle (right drug, right dose, right time, right way) to achieve the highest treatment effect. Absolutely follow the time to stop using the drug before slaughtering exactly according to the instructions on the bottle or packaging label.
Provide enough clean drinking water and add vitamins, minerals, digestive enzymes to improve disease prevention for poultry.
Ensure isolation and hygiene measures
If commercial poultry farming
Should apply the method of raising “all in and out”. Bringing poultry into the same breed, the same litter and out in the same batch to have the condition of emptying the cage and isolating and cutting off the source of the disease. The minimum time to leave the barn is 15 days.
For the form of integrated farming
It is advisable to arrange separate breeding areas for each type of poultry, each breed of poultry; Do not keep different ages and types of poultry in one barn and playground in order to reduce cross-contamination between adopted animals.
When importing new breeds, there must be an isolated breeding area to monitor for at least the first 10-15 days, during this time, if the flock is found to be completely healthy, they will enter the common breeding area.
The entrance to the livestock area must have a disinfection pit that is changed regularly every day, vehicles and people entering the livestock area must go through the disinfection pit and spray disinfectant. There must be a separate area to handle sick and dead poultry. The livestock waste treatment area is at the end of the farm and has the lowest location.
Daily cleaning of feeding troughs, drinking troughs, livestock tools, cages, changing wet litter. Periodically disinfect the breeding area with lime powder or antiseptics such as Iotdine 10%, Virkon, Bencocid, .. (1 time/week for areas without epidemics, 1-2 days/time for areas that are not affected by the epidemic). translated).
After each culture, litter is collected and put into the compost pit with powdered lime, cleared the drains, cleaned the floor of the cage, feeder, drinker, livestock tools, whitewashed walls, floor of the barn, sprinkled with powdered lime (40). kg/1000 m2) around the barn, the sewer system, the grazing garden and spraying disinfectant for the entire cage, livestock tools, litter, and grazing garden before raising new ones.
About disease management
Fully vaccinate poultry flocks according to the schedule of veterinary authorities. With chickens, it is necessary to fully prevent a number of diseases such as Avian Influenza, Newcastle, Gumboro, Marek, Pox, Pasteurellosis. With ducks, it is necessary to fully prevent some diseases such as: Cholera; Hepatitis swan, duck, ..
There are technical measures to treat the breeding environment such as biological padding; using probiotics, probiotics mixed into the feed or sprayed directly on the floor of the barn.
Daily monitoring of poultry health, early detection of livestock with abnormal symptoms for isolation and treatment. When there are pets that are sick, die in mass, difficult to control, it is necessary to immediately notify the local veterinarian for instructions on timely handling.
On the other hand, in order to raise poultry effectively and sustainably, in addition to the good implementation of biosafety methods, farmers need to closely monitor and capture market information. Forming linkages to organize production and consumption of products, establish livestock groups, livestock cooperative groups, commodity cooperatives, etc. Convenient for technical exchange, purchase and sale of materials inputs, consumption of outputs.
Above is information related to poultry farming techniques that we want to share with you. Hopefully with the content of this article, you will have more experience to take good care of your poultry.