The squash plant has a rather special name, the same family as the common squash and the same technique of growing squash as the Gourd family. People can grow this plant on their own in a small area.
How to grow zucchini at home is very simple
Zucchini (also known as zucchini, zucchini) is a squash variety that contains many vitamins and trace minerals that are good for health. In addition, it also has the effect of supporting digestion, lowering cholesterol, fighting cancer, losing weight…
Zucchini is often valued as a summer plant, because it grows strongly and produces the most fruit at this time. Light-loving plants, can not live in cold soil environment. Therefore, you should plant when the outdoor temperature reaches at least 23 degrees Celsius.
Techniques for growing zucchini
In terms of planting techniques, there are two most popular methods of growing squash: growing by seed and growing by seedling. If you choose to grow by seeds, people will have to sow seeds 4-6 weeks before planting. Growing seedlings in pots or gardens is always easier and less time consuming than planting seeds.
Zucchini is often valued as a summer plant, because it grows strongly and produces the most fruit at this time. Light-loving plants, can not live in cold soil environment. Therefore, people should plant trees when the outdoor temperature reaches at least 23 degrees Celsius.
Zucchini will thrive in areas that receive a lot of sunlight, with ample space to allow roots and branches to spread freely. Growers should choose a location in the garden/indoor that receives at least 6 – 10 hours of light per day, not covered by too much shade. Make sure the pot has drainage holes, squash likes moist soil, but if the soil is soggy, the plants will not grow.
In case the soil does not have good drainage, growers can overcome it by relocating or using organic soil. Avoid planting trees in the north because this direction is not very bright.
First, people should start by mixing mulch (eg straw, rice straw…) with organic fertilizer to provide necessary nutrients to the soil. Test the pH of the soil and amend if necessary. Zucchini prefers soil with a pH between 6 and 7.5.
In addition, people can officially sow seeds indoors 4-6 weeks before transplanting them outside. The next step is to prepare a seed tray (preferably a tray with divided cells), people pour soil into each plot, sow seeds, cover with a thin layer of soil and water. The final step is to place the tray in an area that receives an abundant light source, the lowest light temperature is 26 degrees Celsius. When the first pair of leaves emerges, the young plant is ready to be planted in a new pot or directly planted. outside the garden.
If growing from seed, the seed should be at least 1-1.5 cm deep in the soil. The holes need to be larger in size than the seedling. Growers should maintain a distance between plants of 75-100 cm. After that, people should sprinkle a layer of soil 0.5 – 1 cm thick to cover the seeds. This layer of soil should not be too thick for the plant to absorb light and water.
How to take care
People should pull out weeds as soon as they appear and can spread a layer of mulch (such as straw, straw, etc.) on the surface of the soil to prevent this. Adding liquid fertilizer every 3-4 weeks will help stimulate growth. At the same time, growers need to cut off diseased leaves or fruits to avoid spreading to other parts of the tree.
In order for the tree to produce more fruit, people can use a manual method to pluck a male flower (usually with a long, thin stem) and rub it against the female pistil (usually with a short stem). Farmers can do this on several flowers depending on how long you have and how much growth you want.
The benefits of zucchini
This plant is said to be a “factory” to synthesize vitamin C, vitamin A, trace mineral elements such as magnesium, manganese, potassium (potassium), copper, fiber, many B vitamins (B1, B2, B3, etc.) B6). In addition, squash also has more protein, zinc, calcium, iron, tryptophan, vitamin K, folate …
Squash is used in meals for asthma patients because it contains a lot of vitamin C. Eating squash regularly will lower homocysteine levels and support the structure of capillaries. Zucchini is said to be the most ideal food to prevent hemolytic disease, bruising caused by vitamin C deficiency.
Squash also has the ability to prevent multiple sclerosis, colon cancer. The nutritional components in zucchini are also “cumulative” to prevent atherosclerosis and lower blood pressure. They also work to prevent cholesterol oxidation.