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Technical Guide to Growing Siamese Coconuts Brings High Yield

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Technical Guide to Growing Siamese Coconuts Brings High Yield

In order to help the dwarf Siamese coconut tree grow well and achieve a stable and high yield every year, coconut farmers need to apply correctly. Technique of planting Siamese coconut trees Follow the detailed instructions in the article below to be able to achieve high efficiency. Farmers do not rush to ignore the content of the article below.

Choose a seedling

People should choose healthy seedlings, bright green leaves, large neck circumference, trees without deformities or pests, disease, many leaves and premature death. Seedlings reaching a minimum height of 20 cm and accompanied by a quality control card of the nursery unit. People should go to research institutes, growers or reputable seedling agents to find the most secure seedlings. People should plant and take care of Siamese coconut in the population of dwarf Siamese coconut, not planted with other coconut varieties to ensure the purebred quality of the fruit of the future.

Time and density to plant trees

If your coconut growing area has an abundant and active water source, it can be planted all year round. As for many farmers and gardeners, they often plant coconuts at the beginning of the rainy season, from May to July, because this time will be favorable for the seedlings to quickly take root, grow and develop.

Based on the design of the farming area, the planting density of Siamese coconut will be distributed. The most suitable distance for intensive planting is 6m x 6m, while extensive planting is 7m x 7m. When people want to plant other types of trees, they should make this distance less than 1m, and at least 2m from the coconut tree.

Create land to plant trees

In soils with loose soil, high nutrient content of easily digestible substances, coconut trees can grow well. Siamese coconut trees can well tolerate drought, waterlogging, salinity and stormy weather, but with a soil moisture of about 75%, it is best for the tree. If growing on infertile soil, it is necessary to provide the plant with more organic fertilizer so that the plant can achieve high yield and quality.

Before planting seedlings 15-20 days, people need to dig a planting hole with a size of 0.6m x 0.6m x 0.6m and then mix the dug soil with 20-30 kg of organic fertilizer, 100g of superphosphate, 200g potash into the hole, then backfill the hole into a mound about 10-20cm high above the ground.

Prepare the soil carefully to create the most favorable conditions for the plant to grow
Prepare the soil carefully to create the most favorable conditions for the plant to grow

Planting and care techniques

  1. Prepare the planting hole

For coconuts, it is not necessary to cover the tissue but plant it low, so it is necessary to prepare a planting hole with a size of 0.6 m x 0.6 m x 0.4 m, the purpose is to save water for the plants to absorb. Each planting hole uses 10-20 kg of composted organic fertilizer, 0.5kg of phosphate fertilizer mixed with the topsoil, then filled and planted. In the lowlands, it is necessary to cover the tissue to avoid local stagnation of water for the plant. Tissue size from 60-80cm, height from 20-30cm

  1. Planting distance

Planting distance depends on the fertility of the soil. Fertile soil, abundant rain, no adverse environmental factors should grow sparser than infertile soil and arid climate. Recommended distance 7x7m.

  1. How to plant seedlings

Dig a hole about the size of a coconut in the tissue or in the hole, priming with 50 g of DAP fertilizer for fast rooting, then put the coconut tree down and cover about 2/3 of the fruit. The dry land (or planting in the dry season) should be filled with soil level with the seedlings.

  1. Take care of seedlings

Watering: Seedlings need water after planting, if this stage lacks water for many days, the plant will die. Therefore, in order to keep enough moisture for plants, we should use straw, straw, hay in the dry season and water once every 2-3 days depending on the moisture of the soil.

Depending on the soil moisture, the number of watering times for Siamese coconut trees may be different
Depending on the soil moisture, the number of watering times for Siamese coconut trees may be different

– Planting miles: After 15 days, you must check and plant miles if there are dead trees.

– Weeding: Clearing weeds around tissues or holes to prevent weeds from competing for nutrients, water and light with coconut trees will make coconut trees grow slowly.

– Intercropping: During the period when coconut trees are not yet bearing fruit, they should intercrop other crops to increase income such as legumes, oranges, lemons, bananas,….

  1. Fertilization

Fertilizing the coconut tree at the basic construction stage has an important meaning in the development of the tree, helping the tree grow quickly, shortening the time for fruit. Fertilizer formula at this stage according to the ratio of N:K is 3:1:1; 100g/plant/time and 2 months of fertilizer/time. However, it is possible to increase the amount of fertilizer and the number of applications for poor soils. For example, fertilize once a month about 80g/plant.

Pests and Pests Management

  • Coconut beetle (Brontispa longissima)

+ Identification: Young leaves are burned when they have not yet opened. They hide in the middle of the leaf crevices, if you cut out the young coconut leaves, you will see both the larvae and the larvae of the Coconut beetle, both of which are harmful.

+ Damage: Leaves lose chlorophyll, burn young shoots and cause plant death at any stage, the worst is the small tree stage.

+ Management

Coconut beetles are very difficult to kill with chemical drugs because the drug will not penetrate deeply or come into contact with Coconut beetles. Medicines only have preventive effects for the purpose of repelling such as Mineral Oil SK Spray 99, Thiamethoxam (Actara), SecSaigon, Dragon, …

Use a small fishing net to set traps on the top of Coconut

Using biological methods is the most successful and effective, in nature there can be the following types of hosts: Pinworms, parasitic wasps, Green fungus, …

  • Coconut weevils (Rhynchophorus ferrugineus)

+ Identification:

Coconut has dried buds, the leaves are easily broken on the sheaths of broken leaves with cuts or punctures. Adult weevils are dark brown with hard wings, chewing mouth with proboscis, not harmful, but only lay eggs in the chisel of Ant King or Rat or on young leaves of the tree, the eggs hatch into larvae, the larvae penetrate the young tops. of trees (Coconut tofu) to cause harm.

+ Harm: The tree is slow to grow, if it is severely damaged, the coconut tree will die.

+ Management: Like beetles, weevils are very difficult to destroy, can be applied by many of the following measures

Set up a net (fishing net) to catch worms and ant kings

Preventive spraying for the purpose of repelling such as Mineral Oil SK Spray 99, Thiamethoxam (Actara), SecSaigon, Dragon, etc.

Coconut trees are very susceptible to attack by weevils, so farmers need to pay attention to checking the garden regularly to have a timely solution.
Coconut trees are very susceptible to attack by weevils, so farmers need to pay attention to checking the garden regularly to have a timely solution.

With the content of this article, we hope that you will better understand the technique of growing coconut trees. Do not forget to follow our article to update more interesting information about farming.

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