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Technical guide to growing dragon fruit for the highest yield

Dragon fruit is one of the popular fruits in our country, sold a lot in the market. More importantly, this fruit also contributes significantly to Vietnam’s fresh fruit export turnover. Dragon fruit is grown most in the provinces of Binh Thuan, Long An, Tien Giang, many western provinces for very high yield and quality. Therefore, the following article let’s pocket it dragon fruit growing technique of people in these regions.

Technical guide to growing dragon fruit for high yield and quality
Technical guide to growing dragon fruit for high yield and quality
  1. Land preparation, choose the time to plant dragon fruit

You may not know, the lands in the provinces such as Binh Thuan, Vung Tau, Long An, etc. are mostly high land. Not only that, the soil here is also gray soil, sandy soil or sloping soil that is easy to erode. Therefore, cultivating the soil is an indispensable step to create a nutrient-rich environment for plants to grow.

The steps to prepare the soil are as follows:

  • Clean weeds, plow thoroughly, sprinkle lime to treat pathogens in the soil
  • Prepare stakes to dig holes, plug into the ground
  • Dig around the plugged pillars, 10 – 20cm deep, 1.2 – 1.5m in diameter, lined with rotting manure and then covered with a layer of soil.
  • In lowland areas, it is necessary to actively raise the mulch (tissue) before sowing, the bed should be about 40cm from the field to avoid waterlogging in the rainy season.

The most suitable time to plant dragon fruit in the year is around October to November of the solar calendar. If the area has a long dry season and lacks water, it should be planted at the end of the dry season, at the beginning of the rainy season around May – June of the solar calendar.

Cultivation of pepper soil creates the best growing environment for plants
Cultivation of pepper soil creates the best growing environment for plants
  1. Design dragon fruit planting pillars, choose cuttings

Design of dragon fruit planting poles

In the past, very popular dragon fruit planting poles could be made of wood, brick or reinforced cement. However, in recent years, reinforced cement dragon fruit poles are being encouraged to use more.

The standard dimensions of the pillars and the design can be referred to as follows:

  • Square side from 12-15cm
  • The height of each pillar is from 1.6 – 2m
  • Bury the pillar about 40-50cm deep into the ground depending on the characteristics of the soil
  • The height from the ground to the top of the pillar is from 1.2 to 1.5m, just within the reach of the grower
  • The top of the pillar is designed with 2 – 4 iron bars brought out 20 – 25cm, bent in 4 directions to make a support for the dragon fruit tree when it is mature.

Choose cuttings

Select dragon fruit branches as cuttings that meet the following criteria:

  • Average age is 1-2 years or more
  • The best length is about 50 – 70cm
  • The cuttings are stout, healthy, dark green, the thorn-bearing eyes must be well developed, thin, increase the rate of new shoots.
  • Seedlings must be free from defects and pests
  • Put the cuttings in a cool place on the ground, wait about 10-15 days for the cuttings to start taking root before planting

Density and distance of cuttings

  • Density of dragon fruit planting: 900 – 1100 pillars per hectare
  • Distance: trees from 3 to 3.5m from trees, rows from rows 3 to 3.5m
The design of dragon fruit planting poles meets the standards of distance and density
The design of dragon fruit planting poles meets the standards of distance and density
  1. How to grow

After having quality cuttings, the gardener will proceed to the cuttings according to the following steps:

  • Place 4 cuttings around 4 directions of the square pillar, pay attention to place about 0.5cm higher than the ground to avoid root rot
  • Press the plane of the cutting to the plane of the pillar, use a nylon rope or a cloth string to tie the cutting lightly to the post to fix the cutting.
  • Lightly water immediately after fixing the cuttings, use straw or dry grass to cover around to keep moisture
  1. Techniques for taking care of dragon fruit trees according to each stage of development

Sprinklers

Dragon fruit has good drought tolerance but lack of water also leads to a decrease in yield. Therefore, keep in mind some signs of water shortage of plants to provide timely water:

  • New branches are few and slow to grow
  • Branches shrivel, turn yellow
  • The first flower has a high flower drop rate of up to 80%.
  • Small fruit

Maintain the level of watering every 3-7 days to keep the plants moist for the best growth.

Fertilization

In addition to fertilizing before cutting seeds, gardeners should proceed to fertilize dragon fruit in batches:

  • Apply urea in a soluble form, spray on branches to promote rapid growth in the first year
  • In the following years, just dissolve the urea and lightly water around the base

You can also refer to how to fertilize a business dragon fruit garden or use lights. Do not forget to actively monitor and control plant pests and diseases so as not to affect productivity and quality in the future.

Proper care of dragon fruit helps to improve yield and quality
Proper care of dragon fruit helps to improve yield and quality

Harvest

After the first year of planting, if well cared for, dragon fruit will begin to yield fortune-telling. In the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th years, trees will give high and stable yields. Farmers should harvest after seeing the fruit turn from green to red about 3 days, use sickle or knife to cut.

The fruit turns from green to red after about 3 days, then harvest
The fruit turns from green to red after about 3 days, then harvest

With the practical experience of people in areas specializing in dragon fruit cultivation, hopefully dragon fruit growers will learn and achieve a bountiful harvest.

Emilia Chaney
Emilia Chaneyhttps://agrisearch.net
My name is Emilia Chaney. I'm a social girl from Romania with a big smile and 3 passions: Agriculture, Travel and Social Media. I try to make this blog practical, full of great advice and inspiring ideas.

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