Beekeeping according to traditional techniques is an extremely simple method of raising bees, by using tree hollows, rock holes, tree trunks to make honeybee nests, or rearing in crates or crates with beams. In your opinion, what is the point to pay attention in? domestic honey beekeeping techniques? We invite you to follow the article to get more information on this topic.
Use tree hollows, rock holes to make beehives
This method appeared in some localities such as Tuyen Quang, Lao Cai, Quang Nam, etc.
A few months before the bee season (October – December), people go to the forest to choose natural tree hollows with a height of 1-2m where bees have nested or have not yet, and repair the mouth and inside the tree cavity. keep clean and dry. The mouth of the nest is covered with stone or wood, leaving only 1-2 small holes. In addition, people also use axes and hammers to chisel artificial holes in large softwood trees for bees to make nests. The part of the hive door is carefully opened to make it easier to get the cakes out and sealed so that the next season the bees return to the nest.
If kept in a rock hole, when the bee season is about to come, people come to choose some niches with a moderate volume of 15-30 liters, arrange stones at the entrance of the niche and leave 1-2 holes in and out. In the blooming season, bees will return to nest in the prepared honeycombs.
After the bees come back to nest in 2, 3 months, they will come to collect honey by opening the mouth of the hive, smoking and then cutting all the honeycomb cakes, after taking the honey, the bees will leave.
Beekeeping in a square, round container with a fixed nest cake
The hive nests in these types of boxes are characterized by the cake being fixed to the lid or the top wall of the barrel, which cannot be removed for inspection. When taking honey, the cake must be removed.
In our country, the types of crates with fixed nest cakes are as follows:
+ Beehives in wall niches: in some northern mountainous areas due to the cold winter, many ethnic minorities build thick (unburnt clay bricks) to build walls… when they build walls, they leave 1. – 2 tablets as air vents. Some people use 2 boards to cover the 2 ends of this hole (in the middle of the outer plank there is a hole in the nest door) bees will come and nest in the wall cavity shaped like a square box, but the wall is made of earth. October – November in the cold forest bees will fly back to nest in these hollows. When there is honey, open the back cover to cut the cake to get honey.
+ Lying round: 25 – 30 cm in diameter and 60 – 80 cm in length.
Placed on 2 forks or hung on the wall of the house, the 2 ends are covered with wood or straw.
The openings are sealed with buffalo manure or mud with a small opening for bees to come in and out. Bees can build the hive vertically or horizontally relative to the hive lid. This is a very common type of wood.
+ Vertical circle: Similar to the size, but placed vertically. The lower end is sealed, the top lid can be opened, the bees build a nest on the top cover. When taking honey, lift all the cakes out.
+ Square and rectangular crates: Square boxes have the dimensions: 50-60 cm long, 25-30cm high. Two wooden plugs with small holes for bees to come in and out on the front or side
Breeding bees in cages, crates with beams
Barrel with beams is the most advanced form of traditional beekeeping. This is an intermediate form between traditional farming and modern farming, suitable for fixed beekeeping and people with little investment.
If the beam is made of the right size and set at the right distance, the honeycomb cakes are built by the bees into the beams, so it is easy to lift each cake to check or harvest honey.
Regarding the structure of the barrel, there is a bar: the length of the bar depends on the size of the barrel, but the length is different, but the width of the bar must be from 25 to 28mm, from the center of the bar to the center of the box. the side beam is 32mm same as the natural honeycomb cake gap. If the beam is too big, bees will build according to the cat’s tongue in the middle, if the beam is too small, the bees will stick the floors together.
For round beams, the beams have different lengths, the position of the beams must be fixed.
As for the square or rectangular boxes, the beams of equal length can be easily repositioned.
There are crates with low ledges to keep the bar low, so there is space on the bar for bees to store honey.
Modern beekeeping requires the design of a beekeeping enclosure.
The beekeeping crate is the most important tool, the home of the bees, protecting the bees from rain, sun and predators.
– Request a beekeeping crate
+ Containers must be sealed to prevent pests from entering.
+ The beekeeping crate must be convenient for the management and care of the bees: easy to open and close the box to check, it should be of the same size, shared for many boxes, convenient for bees to eat, drink water, clean, collect bile.
+ Take advantage of locally available materials such as: hollow logs, crate boards, palm trunks, coconut leaves
+ Choose wood to make crates, dry, odorless, light, durable, not warped, cracked such as: star, pine, jackfruit, rice, oval, fig, fat, …
– Standard internal bee box
+ Beekeeping crates made of other materials: coconut leaves, coconut trunks, reinforcement, cement, etc., in order to take advantage of materials in places where wood is scarce or too expensive.
+ Paint the barrel to make it beautiful and durable. Usually painted blue, white, yellow, should not paint red, pink, black.
+ The base of the barrel: if the rearing is fixed with three or four-legged stands or built with cement pillars, there is a trough containing water to prevent ants. If farming moves, usually use iron feet, stakes driven into the ground or attached to three pre-packed belts at the bottom of the barrel.
Choose a place to place bees in your garden
– Place the bee colony near the honey source tree (300 – 700m) not more than 1200m away.
– Convenient for traffic, away from other bee farms over 3km.
– The place to place the bee crate needs to be flat. Near a clean water source so bees can get water.
– Summer is shaded, winter is not blown by cold wind.
– Not flooded in the rainy season. There is no fire hazard in the dry season.
– Place far away from pesticide storage, sugar cooking, confectionery processing.
– Not near smoke stoves, brick ovens or places where lime is often limed.
– Avoid where trains, buffaloes, cows, cars travel.
– Safe, not stolen
Looking forward to the information that we share. You will know more information about domestic honey beekeeping techniques. Wish you success with this breeding model.