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Some points when raising goats, farmers need to pay attention

Goat farming techniques

Currently, goat farming is being actively promoted by localities to develop in the long run and become one of the hottest breeding models for economic development, contributing to alleviating farmers’ fears of deprivation. people. However, in order to raise goats effectively, farmers should pay attention to some points after raising goats.

goat farming
goat behavior

Goats are ruminants, so they have the ability to use forage and high fiber. With a clean nature when food is dirty, muddy, or spilled, goats often leave it uneaten.

Goats are animals that love to run and jump and are active, often living in groups; When grazing they prefer to rest on mounds or on tall flat rocks. Understanding these basic inherent behaviors of goats will help farmers have reasonable solutions on the most appropriate and favorable methods and techniques for raising and caring for goat herd development. .

In any profession, experience is essential before starting to work, raising goats as well as other animals for sustainable and long-term development must first choose a standard goat breed.

Should choose goats with high legs, compact belly so that they can easily climb and feed themselves. Male goats usually have to have a completely large and even discharge, not prolapsed and not swollen.

– Breed of female goat:

goat farming
male goat appearance selected for breeding

Female goats must have 2 large, soft and long breasts to produce more milk, large and wide buttocks for easy childbirth, especially should choose female goats from 6 to 10 months old, should not choose over 2 years old.

– Breed of female goat:

Female goats must have 2 large, soft and long breasts to produce more milk, large and wide buttocks for easy childbirth, especially should choose female goats from 6 to 10 months old, should not choose over 2 years old.

goat farming
The appearance is chosen as the breed of the female goat

There are many breeds of goats, breeders depend on investment conditions, methods, farming techniques and consumption markets to select breeds to suit the actual situation. In addition to the grass goat breed, the Bach Thao goat is a fairly common breed in farmers, there are also goat breeds imported from other countries such as: (Beetal goat, Saanen goat, Alpine goat, Boer goat) to cross with Bach Thao female goats or background (Bach Thao x Grass) both give good production results.

goat farming
model goat barn

Goats are animals that like cleanliness, do not like high humidity, in normal conditions when resting goats often find a high place to lie down. Therefore, when building a goat farm, people need to ensure that it is clean, well-ventilated, and avoid hot and humid weather. Goat pens must be protected from rain, drafts, and harsh sunlight shining directly on goats.

– Encourage people to build goat stables in a high place, easy to drain and preferably in a shaded place. Materials for making cages can be made of wood, steel or make use of bamboo. The floor of the barn is the main daily activity of the goat, so people need to use durable hard materials such as wood and make the floor about 40-60cm above the ground.

The barn liner bars must be smooth and straight, with a gap of only about 1.2 – 1.5cm wide to ensure that goat manure and wastewater can enter. Baffles are made for the purpose of fixing the position of the goat, the material for the partition is the same as the flooring material such as wood, bamboo…

The size between the slats is 8 – 15cm apart, with a height from the floor to 1.2 – 1.5m. Preventing male goats needs to be more secure than female goats. The floor barn with the door compartment does not need to be made too wide, but just enough to let the goats out and enter easily with a distance of 35-40cm, about 1m in height, the barn door should be firm and easy to manipulate.

People can make a roof for the barn based on the terrain conditions or the size of the goat herd, the barn can have 1 or 2 roofs, short or long roofs depending on the size of the barn but must ensure good protection. for goats.

The ground floor below the barn floor should be about 0.3m higher than the natural surface, the ground should be compacted or if there are economic conditions, people can make the foundation with cement or tile. If you eat raw, you should hang it outside the partition with a medium height for each type of goat about 35 – 50cm and there is enough room for the goat to put its head out easily.

The size of the bottom trough is about 20-30cm, the outer wall is about 30-40cm, the inner wall is about 20-30cm and the length depends on the type of cage that people build. For the feed trough, people should use wooden planks or buckets, but make sure that the goats do not destroy them.

People can use buckets and pots attached to the barn wall to provide drinking water for goats or people can store water in a large jar outside the playground for goats to drink while exercising.

In order for the goat herd to grow and develop well, the breeder needs to have appropriate care and nurturing techniques for each stage.

-Raising baby goats after giving birth

-For baby goats after giving birth, they need to be dried, cut the umbilical cord, disinfect the umbilical cord and put it in a haystack to dry and warm next to the mother. After giving birth for 20 to 30 minutes, give the baby goats colostrum right away, because the most nutritious part of the colostrum is the antibodies that help the baby goats grow up quickly and prevent diseases.

Practice feeding goats with grass, young leaves at 2 weeks of age and concentrates at 4 weeks of age. In the first 2 months, it is advisable to keep them in cages and supplement with refined food from 30-35 grams/head/day (goats from 28-45 days); 50-100g/head/day (goats 46-90 days).

Regularly clean the barn to ensure that the barn is always clean, if the weather is too cold to warm the baby goats. From the 3rd month onwards, the baby goats can eat a lot of grass and leaves. On warm sunny days, they can graze in herds in the nearby pasture.

-Raising gilts

-For gilts, it is necessary to select female goats that grow well, have good appearance after weaning, and switch to raising according to the prescribed rations so that the goats can grow and develop reasonably, and feed them with enough forage. (2 – 5 kg/head/day); concentrate feed (0.1 – 0.5 kg/head/day). Provide enough clean water for goats, create conditions for goats to have room to exercise for 3-4 hours/day.

– Raising female goats

-For gill goats, don’t graze too far from the barn and chase goats; feeding enough rations including forage forage by 12-13%; refined feed 1 – 1.2%; 1% fruit and vegetable food (calculated by body weight).

Goats about to give birth should be kept separately in a barn that has been cleaned and disinfected, ensuring that the barn is dry, clean and quiet; need to monitor to recognize signs of calving and do a good job of midwifery for goats.

Usually, each litter of goats gives birth to 1-3 children, after giving birth, give the mother goats warm water mixed with 0.5% salt, daily feed the mother goats with raw food, young greens and good quality concentrate. Note that the mother goat should not eat too much refined food and vegetables to avoid bloating.

This is a very important job in the process of raising goats, goat farmers need to implement good veterinary hygiene measures to prevent diseases for goats to minimize risks caused by diseases. The barn must always be cleaned and sanitized once a month, using lime powder, disinfectants and disinfectants.

Periodic deworming for goats every 7 – 9 months, vaccination for some common infectious diseases such as septicemia, necrotizing enterocolitis, goat pox, foot-and-mouth disease.

In addition, goats also have the ability to tolerate and detect disease well, so farmers need to observe and closely monitor the activities of their goats every day, to promptly detect those with poor health and disease. disease to have a reasonable care and treatment regimen to minimize the risks caused by the disease.

Goat rearing is an option that has the potential to help farmers improve their income, and at the same time, it is difficult to raise goats effectively. Therefore, besides the practical experience in production, goat farmers also need to apply technical processes sequentially and pay attention to some details in the breeding process to develop a sustainable and successful goat herd. high productivity and economic efficiency.

Emilia Chaney
Emilia Chaneyhttps://agrisearch.net
My name is Emilia Chaney. I'm a social girl from Romania with a big smile and 3 passions: Agriculture, Travel and Social Media. I try to make this blog practical, full of great advice and inspiring ideas.

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