Strawberries are a popular fruit. With the current demand for clean products, how to grow strawberries at home is very necessary for each person. Here, let’s find out with AgriSearch.net Strawberry growing techniques Please!
Best time to start growing strawberries?
What is the best month to plant strawberries? The answer is that you can start planting at any time of the year. But the most suitable time is around April and May every year. At this time, the weather starts to stop cold, turning to summer. There is plenty of sunshine and warmth, good conditions for strawberries to grow.
After planting, about 2 months later, you can harvest ripe strawberries.
Choose Strawberry Varieties
With strawberries, you can choose to grow from seeds or grow from seedlings. However, growing with seeds requires more time and care. If you are planting for the first time, it is better to choose to buy seedlings. It will reduce the effort of care and ensure the tree can grow healthy.
Note if you choose seedlings, you should choose trees about 10-15cm tall. Choose healthy, pest-free plants that grow evenly.
There are many varieties of strawberries in the world, but the three below are said to be common. You can choose according to your purpose.
- June-bearing: This variety produces fruit mainly in June. However, it requires large land for root development. So this type is not suitable for growing at home.
- Everbearing: this type yields fruit almost all year round. Even during the growing period, the tree still produces fruit. Harvest time is from spring, and from late summer to autumn.
- Day Neutral: This type is a hybrid from the Everbearing type. If Everbearing type only has 2 harvest seasons, Day Neutral will harvest continuously from summer to the end of autumn.
Choose a planting location
Strawberry plants are characterized by moisture-loving, and very poor drought tolerance. The best temperature for plant growth is from 7 to 30 degrees Celsius.
You should choose the location of the pot in a well-ventilated, well-lit place. If the plant is placed in a place without light, the leaves will turn yellow and not produce fruit. Should choose a place with a lot of light, but the lighting time should not exceed 12 hours/day. Note that the tree should not be placed in a place where there is light at night, because that way the tree will grow green, but it will not give or be very slow to bear fruit.
The best place to plant is on a covered terrace, or at your windows or balcony. A place where the sun shines during the day, but it’s quiet at night – no light. If you plant it outdoors, you can place it under a large tree to limit sunlight during the day. Avoid exposure to direct sunlight, which leads to drought and lack of water.
If your family has a lot of space, you can choose traditional potted plants, or put them in styrofoam pots. And if your family has limited space, or takes advantage of planting at the window or a partner, you can choose hanging pots. Should choose hanging pots with many small holes.
Strawberry pots are similar to stone lotus pots, all of which must be paid attention to in terms of drainage. It is mandatory to have drainage holes at the bottom, or around. If you choose pots that are too small, you will need to water them more often.
Light colored pots should be selected. Because it will keep the plant cooler than a dark pot (dark material will absorb heat more strongly than light material).
Land for planting
The most suitable strawberry soil must ensure factors such as organic soil, or it can be light, nutrient-rich, clean and moisture-retaining soil as well as good drainage.
Strawberry growing techniques
If you grow by sowing seeds, before planting strawberries, you need to incubate the seeds. First of all, put the soil in the pot, beat it to make it porous, then germinate the seeds. Cover the pot with some straw or dry plants.
After you have fully prepared the vegetable pots, planting soil and seeds, you will proceed to sow the seeds. Sow seeds in pots, the distance between the seeds is even, can divide the beds so that the plants can grow better. Place the pot in a cool, dry place with enough sunlight to avoid direct sunlight. Water regularly in the morning and evening, just enough moisture for the plants.
In order for strawberry plants to grow strongly and stably in the early stages, the first inflorescence should be cut off to enhance growth and inhibit the next flowering plant for higher efficiency. Strawberry pots should be placed in a location with a temperature of 7 – 30 degrees. You should also choose a cool, sunny location for the plant to grow. However, it should be noted, the lighting time for strawberries is not more than 12 hours/day, in the evening, plants should not be placed near the light, which will cause the tree to grow quickly but not bear fruit.
In the early morning or late afternoon, you water to keep the soil moist and help the plants grow well. For seeds you can water the rice very well. For growing strawberries with seedlings, you can also water the rice until the plants take root (about a week).
How to split branches to plant new pots
In the process of growing, strawberries not only flower and fruit, it also branches when the plant has enough nutrients. In particular, when the branch grows well and grows long, it will root itself and create a new tree. In this case you need to separate the way to create a new pot.
Note, you need to wait for the branch to grow for about a week, the roots are deep, can be independent, do not need nutrition from the mother plant to start splitting the branch into a new pot. Or, if the strawberry pot is wide, you can still let the baby branch grow with the mother plant. When the seedlings flower, the fruit you take care of is like the mother tree. Absolutely do not hit the tree at this time because it can cause the tree to have one fruit.
To limit the situation of plants being pest and easy to monitor, it is necessary to prune leaves when the tree grows thick leaves or separate young plants into new pots. When the tree is flowering and fruiting, you need to pay attention to destroy ants and insects because they attack and eat flowers and fruits very quickly. Ideally, you should direct the fruit to the outside of the pot, the fruit has grown evenly, you have just watched the insects eat the fruit. You can also protect the plants by covering them with trellis to keep out birds, or dogs or cats.
Use fertilizers available at agricultural supply stores.
– Use composted chicken manure mixed with soil in a moderate amount, do not over-fertilize because it will cause heat and plant death.
– Do not apply fertilizer that has not been composted because there are many bacteria, which can easily cause the plant to sting and be damaged.
We have just shared with you the technique of growing strawberries. I hope you have success applying these techniques. Thank you for your interest in following the article.