Zucchini, also known as green squash, is a climbing plant that belongs to the Gourd family. Zucchini is used in many dishes, cooking tea for cooling, detox tea for weight loss, etc. The demand for using zucchini in families is quite popular. Many farmers choose zucchini as a short-term intensive crop with high economic value. If you have more questions about zucchini planting techniques. Do not rush through the information below.
Conditions for zucchini to grow best
Zucchini is a plant that likes a moist environment, is poorly waterlogged, and grows well if there is a short day light and strong intensity. The most suitable soil for growing zucchini is slightly heavy soil or alluvial soil. The best time to plant zucchini is in early September.
Pumpkin seed soaking technique
Pumpkin seeds need to be soaked in clean water for 4-6 hours. After that, the farmer needs to incubate the zucchini seeds in a damp cloth and keep it in a closed place, out of direct sunlight. It is necessary to spray water on the fabric twice a day to ensure that the moisture remains for the seeds to germinate. About 3 days you will see the seeds begin to sprout, can be sown directly into the ground or sown in styrofoam containers, plastic trays, elected.
Soil making techniques
Farmers should pay attention to choose sandy soil with light flesh to create the most favorable conditions for plant growth. The land where pumpkin is grown does not contain industrial waste, domestic waste or residues of many toxic chemicals. The beds for growing squash should have a width of 1.8m – 2m, the furrows are about 20cm wide.
Amount of fertilizer used for zucchini
To limit the situation of soil bottles, farmers can prioritize the use of bio-organic fertilizers or processed micro-organisms.
For priming, farmers need to conduct 2-3 days before sowing. Fertilizers mixed into the soil are usually ingredients such as phosphate, lime, and organic fertilizers.
Fertilizing zucchini takes place in 3 phases:
- Phase 1: After the planting period of 10-12 days, note that it should be combined with the first phase of cultivation.
- Phase 2: After the date of sowing from 20 to 30 days and with the second phase of cultivation.
- Phase 3: When the zucchini plant begins to flower and bloom.
Techniques for taking care of zucchini
Immediately after planting, farmers need to make sure to provide the plants with enough water to keep the soil moist and help the roots of the plants grow and thrive.
Until the tree begins to flower and set fruit, switch to permeable watering mode so that the plant can be supplied with enough water and grow normally.
After heavy rain, it is imperative that zucchini growers remove rainwater remaining in the trench to avoid waterlogging and root rot. After being planted, zucchini plants can be branched for about 20 days.
Techniques for providing nutrients to plants
When the zucchini plants appear from 2 to 3 true leaves, they need to be combined with top dressing, at this time the amount of nutrients will focus on feeding the roots and creating strong resistance for the plant.
The farmer continues to fertilize the tree a second time when starting to climb the trellis or tilt the top to crawl to the ground.
The next time to apply fertilizer takes place when the tree begins to bear fruit, the amount of fertilizer at this time to provide nutrients to help the tree grow fruit.
Pest control techniques for zucchini
Zucchini is a plant that is susceptible to pests and diseases, from flowering to fruiting. Therefore, to ensure the yield and quality of zucchini, farmers need to grasp the basic principles of pest control such as:
- Focus on detecting and preventing pests and diseases during the seedling period to limit the spread.
- Strictly follow 4 principles of pesticide use such as: Right time, right drug, right dose and right way.
Pest control techniques:
- Leaf borer: This type of worm often appears in the period when the tree begins to flower and bear fruit.
- The caterpillar eats melon leaves: The time when the plant grows from 20 to 30 days is also the time when this type of worm develops the most.
- Bed bugs: When the weather turns to dry, drought, this type of aphids will appear.
- Thrips: This type of beetle usually appears around March or September of the calendar.
- Bacterial wilt: They can cause damage at all times, but are most common during flowering.
- Late blight: The disease will appear in zucchini when the air humidity is too high.
- Powdery mildew: The source of this disease is the residue left in the seed and in the wind.
Here are our shares about technique grow simple zucchini for outstanding yield that we want to send to you. Hopefully these will be useful things to help you be more favorable in growing zucchini.