With the price of commercial mallards ranging from 140 to 160 thousand VND/kg when sold. Combined with short rearing time, simple care, is a species with few diseases, easy to raise. At the same time, the market demand is very high, traders often come to the farm to buy, so duck breeding is a safe choice for farmers who are intending to choose livestock for economic development. Join us to find out duck farming techniques effectively, earn great profits through the article below!
How to choose a mallard duck
The stage of selection of mallards determines up to 30% of the efficiency of raising this type of poultry. You should pay attention to choosing breeders with the following qualities for your ducks:
- Breeding ducks must choose those with large parents, high weight gain ability, and good quality so that the ducklings will inherit good genetic characteristics.
- Do not select commercial mallards for breeding.
- Choose to buy ducklings at reputable breeding facilities, ensuring the supply of disease-free breeds with clear origin.
- Select newly hatched ducks with the following characteristics: smooth feathers, dry navel, even bill legs, balanced body, agility and weight from 45g or more for commercial breeding.
- Eliminate those with deformities, unbalanced legs, greasy hair, drooping or sluggishness.
How to make a barn to raise ducks
Depending on the specific conditions to make a duck farm accordingly. The floor can be covered with cement or the ground can be lined with mulch such as rice husk, rice straw. Ducks of different ages should be kept in separate cells for convenient care and management of the flock. Newly hatched ducklings should be brooded in separate cells with a density of 150 -200 birds/cell or kept in a heated cage to keep heat. After the duck is stronger, it can be grazed according to the current farming method.
Breeding mallard ducks needs to ensure that the barn has a playground. Arrange feeders and drinkers fully and keep the troughs dry and clean, avoiding the generation of pathogens. Place the feeder in the cage in a separate corner to ensure that the duck is not wet. It is necessary to clean livestock cages daily, disinfect periodically to limit the spread and arising of diseases.
What do ducks eat?
3.1 Types of food for mallards
In the way of raising mallards in particular and other poultry in general, people need to ensure a balance of essential nutrients in the feed. The source of food for mallards is quite diverse, which can be obtained from nature, agricultural by-products, synthetic feed… and divided into 4 main groups as follows:
– Energy group: provides the main source of energy for ducks to operate and develop, including grains and starches such as rice, corn, bran, broken rice, potatoes, cassava…
– Protein group: people can supplement plant protein for mallard ducks with agricultural products such as: soybeans, sesame, peanuts, dry oil… or animal protein such as shrimp, fish, earthworms, crabs , snails,…
Minerals group: using minerals found in nature mainly from crustacean shells such as crabs, mussels, snails, mussels, shrimp, eggs, etc. enhance absorption and avoid choking if the duck is young, promote bone and muscle development, for better meat quality.
Group of vitamins: help strengthen the immune system and promote metabolism in the body. People add: green vegetables, grass, leaves, fruits… If natural supplies are scarce, people can add industrial vitamins to their food such as: oremix vitamins, B-complex…
3.2 Food for mallards by stage
– Ducks from 1-3 days old: this newborn stage ducks are still quite small, do not have a high need to eat, people should only practice feeding ducks some easily absorbed foods such as starch: rice flour, corn flour . On the 2nd and 3rd day, ducks can eat more bran pellets in small form and add electrolytes, B complex and vitamin C to drinking water. If your farm has a large mallard breeding scale, you should use a feed pellet mill to support shaping pellets of different sizes, suitable for each age of mallard, while saving money. feed costs, while ensuring the best absorption of ducks. Add about 21g of food/head/day.
Ducks from 4 to 10 days old: in addition to energy-rich food, people can add protein-rich foods such as snails, minced worms and mix with rice, then slowly replace them with food. eat separately. At this stage, ducks can swim into the water for 5-10 minutes/day and gradually increase until the 10th day, they can let the ducklings swim freely. Add about 56g of food/infant/day.
Ducks from 11 -20 days old: in addition to foods rich in starch and protein, people need to add minerals to support the development of muscles and bones better with crustaceans such as shrimp and crabs. , fish and mixed with other foods. On the 20th, mallards can learn to eat rice. From the 15th day onwards, people can combine natural grazing so that mallards can promote their wild behavior and feed themselves. Add about 100g of food/animal/day.
– Ducks from 20-80 days old: from the 30th day onwards, people can feed mallards with a full range of food groups such as adult ducks combined with natural grazing. Add about 140g of food/animal/day.
– After 70 days, it is necessary to classify ducks and select those with good quality to breed or lay eggs. The rest wait for 80 days to be able to sell mallards for meat.
We have just learned together how to raise mallards most effectively. Regardless of which farming model you choose, you need to keep the barn clean and vaccinate periodically to prevent some avian flu, intestinal diseases, pasteurellosis, etc., which may occur and affect livestock production. Wish you have a flock of mallards that grow fast, healthy, and make big profits.