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Sharing techniques for growing durian for high yield and quality every year

You may not know, durian is a plant that likes hot climates and high humidity, so it is very suitable for growth and development in our country. This variety is currently being grown a lot in the Central Highlands and Southern provinces. Properly planted and cared for, each durian tree can give very high yields, good quality and great profits. That’s why you should not ignore the useful article below, let’s find out in detail Durian cultivation techniques This is highly effective.

Sharing techniques for growing durian for high yield and quality every year
Sharing techniques for growing durian for high yield and quality every year
  1. How to make soil and dig holes to plant durian

Private caterpillars are plants industry have good vitality, not too picky about soil, even slightly alkaline soil can still be grown. The most ideal soil pH for growing durian is between 5.5 and 6.5.

However, this plant still grows and develops best when planted in gray or red basalt soils. Therefore, in our country the Central Highlands, South Central, and Southeast are all grown durians with high yields.

After choosing a suitable place to grow durian, people will dig holes to plant seedlings in 2 ways:

  • The traditional way: dig a hole about 20cm deep, 80cm wide, dry the soil, then fertilize with treated organic fertilizer to make the tissue 15 – 20cm high, then plant seedlings in the middle of the newly made tissue.
  • The modern way: dig a hole 60cm deep, 80cm wide, treat the soil with quicklime, then fertilize the soil with treated organic fertilizers and phosphate fertilizers, plant seedlings and backfill the soil, compact it. Water immediately after planting

Currently, people have planted durian according to modern new techniques to support tree growth and have a much longer lifespan.

The density and spacing of durian planting are as follows:

  • Intercropping: each hole is 10m apart, each row is 10-12m apart, the number is about 70-100 plants per hectare.
  • Pure durian cultivation: each hole is 8m apart, rows are 8-10m apart, the number is about 125-150 trees per hectare.
The technique of digging a separate planting hole is the foundation for the good growth and development of plants
The technique of digging a separate planting hole is the foundation for the good growth and development of plants
  1. Select durian varieties for high yield and quality and proceed to planting

Some durian varieties with high yield, quality and high price on the market today are: Thai durian, Ri durian with 6 flat seeds, Malaysian durian, Monthong durian, etc.

Planting seedlings

  • Choose to buy seedlings from reputable and quality nurseries to ensure the right variety
  • Choose healthy seedlings, green leaves, height about

Seed incubation, grafting

  • Choose to nurse common durian seeds, also known as durian seeds, to reduce the cost of buying initial seedlings
  • When the original tree is about 6-8 weeks old, if it grows healthy, you can conduct a quality durian eye transplant
Durian can be grown with seedlings purchased at reputable nurseries
Durian can be grown with seedlings purchased at reputable nurseries
  1. Taking care of durian trees in each growing period

Water efficiently with an automatic, economical irrigation system Rivulis

Durian is a drought-tolerant plant, high water demand, prolonged drought if the seedlings are not supplied with enough water, it can lead to death and withering. Mature plants if lack of water can lead to reduced yield, delayed flowering, fruit set. Therefore, people should invest in installing an economical automatic irrigation system to make irrigation more efficient. Normally, the investment cost of an irrigation system of about 1ha using S2000 sprinklers usually ranges from 12 to 18 million. The actual difference and cost also depends on the area, plant spacing, row spacing and taking advantage of available materials to save costs. You can refer to the cost of installing a sprinkler irrigation system for a 1-hectare durian project.

Annual weeding should be periodically around the durian root to ensure that nutrients for the plant are not wasted on weeds.

Fertilization

In each growing period, durian needs to be fertilized with different amounts and types of fertilizers to ensure yield and quality, and ensure profits:

  • Seedling stage: It is recommended to divide and fertilize several times a year with a special amount of organic fertilizer microbially composted cow dung for each tree is 5 – 10kg/year combined with inorganic fertilizer containing high protein content, gradually increasing the amount of fertilizer when the tree begins to bear fortune-telling fruit.
  • During the annual fruiting period, fertilize at least 3 times per year: 1 month to 40 days before flowering NPK fertilizer with high phosphorus content, when the durian fruit is small, apply NPK fertilizer with high potassium content. and after harvest, pruning branches fertilize with organic and inorganic fertilizers to regain strength

Pest control

Soybean is a plant that often has a lot of problems with pests and diseases. Therefore, caregivers need to regularly monitor to intervene in time to prevent the tree from dying or reducing fruit quality when harvested. Some of the most common diseases that growers often encounter in durian are:

  • Powdery mildew
  • Mealybugs
  • Red spider
  • Pink mushroom
  • Spotted seaweed
  • Plastic root rot
  • Burn the dead leaves

Each different type of pest requires appropriate treatment, often gardeners need to use chemical drugs and pesticides to treat durian diseases.

Harvest

If in the past, gardeners growing durian seeds needed to wait for the ripe fruit to fall off, but now grafted durians only need to cut old fruits and sell them in batches in large quantities. This is a new step that brings great profits to gardeners, and saves time and effort in harvesting.

Durian will start giving fortune after 3 years
Durian will start giving fortune after 3 years

From professional knowledge and practical experience, it is hoped that gardeners will apply the right planting techniques to bring the highest economic efficiency.

Emilia Chaney
Emilia Chaneyhttps://agrisearch.net
My name is Emilia Chaney. I'm a social girl from Romania with a big smile and 3 passions: Agriculture, Travel and Social Media. I try to make this blog practical, full of great advice and inspiring ideas.

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