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Sharing Melon Cultivation Techniques For Outstanding Yield

Planting melons

Cantaloupe is a fruit that brings a lot of health benefits, so they are grown by many families at home. Cantaloupe is quite easy to grow and is suitable for areas with dry and warm climates. You will easily get more delicious melons if you plant them in the dry season (in our country usually from February to September). In addition, for high productivity, you should refer to melon growing techniques that AgriSearch.net instructs below!

  1. Preparing seeds for planting cantaloupe

Must choose good seeds, suitable for each region.

Note:

– If it is an F1 seed, the seed will be standard and have a high germination rate.

– If the seed is domestic and does not have a brand name, the seed has poor resistance and germination. Particularly likely to affect fruit yield.

  1. Nurturing seedlings to grow melons

Prepare

– Seeds (for F1 seeds do not need to be soaked but can be planted directly)

– Gourd nursery

– Seed nursery soil: mix in a ratio of 7 soil: 3 vermicompost to have enough nutrients for seeds to germinate.

– Warm water according to the ratio of 2 boiling: 3 cold

– Fabric (with good moisture retention).

Cantaloupe seeds nursed according to the correct technique are able to germinate
Cantaloupe seeds nursed according to the correct technique are able to germinate

Carrying out seed incubation

Soak the seeds in warm water (2 boiling: 3 cold) for 4-6 hours. Then, use a cloth with good moisture retention to incubate the seeds.

– Seeds begin to crack, then proceed to the nursery.

Then, cover with a thin layer of prepared soil, keep it in a shady place and water to keep it moist.

After 2 days, the seeds begin to germinate.

– After 8-10 days, the plant begins to give 2 true leaves, then plant.

Note: From the time the seeds germinate, just water with just enough water for the plant to grow. Too much watering will prevent the seeds from germinating.

  1. Preparing the growing medium for melons

The growing medium has many types, but the most suitable for growing cantaloupe is rice husk ash, coir and vermicompost.

The medium is mixed in the following proportions:

60 – 65% coir

5 – 10% ash from rice husks

30% vermicompost SFARM Pb01

Mix the ingredients of the medium well, then cover the glass with a film and moisten water 1 week before planting.

Note: coir needs to be washed before planting.

  1. Sowing seedlings to grow melons

After the plant develops from 2-3 true leaves, proceed to planting in the previously prepared soil. Because cantaloupe produces large fruit, if you plant it in a styrofoam or bucket, you must choose a pot with a depth and width.

Cantaloupe plants with 2-3 true leaves can be sown in the soil outside
Cantaloupe plants with 2-3 true leaves can be sown in the soil outside

Create a deep hole, gently lift the baby melon plant, cut the nylon bag, then put the pot in the pre-punched hole, bury the pot under the ground and compact the root. Always keep the plant moist at first.

Note:

– Plant trees should be planted in the cool afternoon when the sun has turned off.

– When planting seedlings, it is necessary to water twice a day and cover to create shade in the first week for the seedlings to recover.

  1. Caring for melon plants

Sprinklers

After planting seedlings, it is necessary to water regularly to keep the soil moist.

– When the weather is too hot, it is necessary to increase the amount of watering and water less on cool and humid days.

– For growing cantaloupe in styrofoam containers, it is necessary to ensure good drainage to avoid waterlogging, root rot and plant death.

– Before harvesting 8-10 days, it is necessary to cut down on watering to increase the sweetness and crispiness of the fruit.

Fertilizer: The first stage needs a lot of nitrogen, the fruiting stage needs a lot of phosphorus and is about to be harvested need a lot of potassium. Specifically

– Apply more NPK fertilizer to help the plant to flower and set fruit easily. Ideally, choose organic fertilizers such as vermicompost, rotting manure, .. to supplement nutrients for plants and increase the natural sweetness of fruit. In particular, organic fertilizer is your perfect choice with safe products for health.

About 1 month before harvest, NPK fertilizer should be applied weekly for best fruit development.

– 15 days before harvest, apply more fertilizer containing potassium and nitrogen in the ingredients to help increase the natural sweetness of the fruit.

Fertilizer and watering for cantaloupe plants depend on each stage
Fertilizer and watering for cantaloupe plants depend on each stage

Pruning and pollination

– When the tree has 5-6 true leaves, it is necessary to prune all the odd branches, only keeping the odd branch when the tree grows to the 8th leaf.

– Within 3-5 days after flowering, it is necessary to conduct pollination to achieve the highest quality. If the number is small, it can be manually pollinated, if it is too much, it should be pollinated by bees.

– When the tree grows to 22-25 leaves, proceed to cut off the tops so that the tree can focus on growing fruit.

Scaffold

– When the plant has 5-6 true leaves, proceed to make a trellis for melons.

– Can be piled or lightly tied with nylon ropes to the trellis.

– Cantaloupe has large, heavy fruits, so pay attention to hanging the fruit and avoid letting the fruit break the body.

Note: If there are too many fruits and vegetables, you should cut them off, leaving only about 2-3 fruits/tree for the tree to focus on fruiting. Avoid too much fruit rearing that reduces yield as well as fruit quality.

  1. Harvest

Cantaloupe is harvested in a period of 75-80 days. When ripe, melons are usually ivory white or yellow, fragrant, and mesh veins appear clearly. The roll of the cantaloupe cracked around.

Cantaloupe needs to stop watering 7 days before harvest
Cantaloupe needs to stop watering 7 days before harvest

Before harvesting, you should stop watering for 7 days so that the melons can be drained and crispy.

We hope with the information that we share. Farmers will have more experience and techniques to grow healthy melons and bring high yields.

Emilia Chaney
Emilia Chaneyhttps://agrisearch.net
My name is Emilia Chaney. I'm a social girl from Romania with a big smile and 3 passions: Agriculture, Travel and Social Media. I try to make this blog practical, full of great advice and inspiring ideas.

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