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Rice cultivation technique helps the crop to be bountiful

Rice is the main food crop that plays a very important role in ensuring the food security of many countries in the world in general, and Vietnam in particular. In our country, rice is the food crop with the largest cultivated area. However, changes in climate, environment, weather… have made pests more and more difficult to prevent and reduce rice yield. This article will help people understand the farming process of rice, thereby increasing the yield, quality and value of rice.

Overview of rice plants

Rice is a very familiar and popular crop in our country, rice is grown all over the country. Especially, the climate and soil conditions of our country are very favorable for the development of rice.

Rice is a staple crop, widely grown in most provinces and cities of our country
Rice is a staple crop, widely grown in most provinces and cities of our country

Rice can be grown on many different types of soil: alluvial soil, alkaline soil, etc. However, the most important factor is to ensure enough water for plants.

The rice plant consists of four main parts: root, stem, flower, and seed. Rice belongs to the form of cluster roots, the roots develop in each period of the rice plant. The roots of rice plants can go deep into the ground, but on the field, rice roots usually only grow about 20cm, if they grow too deep, the roots are easily blocked, causing slow growth. In order to create favorable conditions for rice roots to develop well, people need to make the soil carefully, with enough humus, and enough water.

The rice stem includes the eyes and internodes. Height plays an important role in the resistance to falling of rice varieties. Rice can tiller when it has 4-6 true leaves. In the transplanted rice field, the rice plant gives birth when it takes root. At the time of rice field tilling, the tillering process ends.

Rice leaves include: leaf sheath, leaf blade, spoon leaf and leaf ear. From the leaf buds on the stem will develop into rice leaves, rice leaves develop depending on the external conditions as well as the growth stage of the plant. Leaves have a very important function in each stage of development, determining the growth and yield of the plant.

Rice breeding methods

  • The time to propagate rice depends on the season, weather, climate and soil in each locality.
  • Soil for propagation is high fertility, well-treated, flat terrain with active water source and weed-free.
  • There are two main methods for rice propagation: seedling; direct sowing.

As for the seedling method (another name for rice seedlings), you can sow the seeds, after being soaked and incubated, they will be sown on the previously prepared seedbeds. When the seedling develops 4-7 leaves, the farmers bring the seedling to the field to transplant the seedling.

Some experiences to effectively increase rice yield

Rice yield is determined by four factors: number of heads of rice per unit area; number of seeds per head of rice; percentage of firm seeds; weight of rice grain. In order to achieve high rice yield, farmers need to apply comprehensive and synchronous measures from tillage, seed selection to harvesting.

The sowing time is on schedule so that the flowering and ripening stage is at a time when the weather is favorable for the rice to bloom, the weather is beautiful, there is little rain. Favorable for rice growth and disadvantageous to pests and weeds. Extend the distance between the two crops so that it is appropriate, have time to till the soil, let the straw and weeds decompose completely, avoid organic poisoning that damages the young rice stage, affecting the rice yield later This.

Organic fertilizers, especially OBI Sea Bees 3 organic fertilizer, help to increase rice crop productivity

Fertilizer should use organic fertilizers to help improve the soil, improve soil fertility, create conditions for rice to grow well at the initial stage, increase resistance to pests and diseases, adverse weather conditions.

Early tillage and clearing of residues after each harvest, can kill the pupae and nymphs of rice straw borers, cut off food sources and hiding places for some pests such as brown planthoppers, etc. make the field flat and convenient for irrigation.

Planting with appropriate density, planting density depends on many factors such as soil, sowing season, rice variety, age of seedling, etc. If the density is too thick, the rice is susceptible to pests and diseases such as brown planthopper, …., rice grows poorly; sparse sowing affects rice yield later and weeds are easy to grow. With a moderate density, it creates good conditions for rice plants to grow, limiting rice falling and pests.

Rice is grown by seedling method
Rice is grown by seedling method

For the method of direct sowing, people after handling, soaking and incubation, they sow the seeds directly into the field. This method is simple and easy to implement, but the success rate is not as high as that of the transplanting method. Seeds sown directly are at risk of waterlogging, death of sprouts, making the success rate low.

Emilia Chaney
Emilia Chaneyhttps://agrisearch.net
My name is Emilia Chaney. I'm a social girl from Romania with a big smile and 3 passions: Agriculture, Travel and Social Media. I try to make this blog practical, full of great advice and inspiring ideas.

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