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Revealing the secret of how to grow high-yield vegetables

grow clean vegetables
grow clean vegetables

Vegetables are an indispensable food in Vietnamese meals. The demand for growing vegetables at home is increasing. But how to harvest high yield, quality vegetables must be planted with the right technique. Today, Agri will help you better understand how to grow vegetables, please refer to the article below.

How to grow vegetables with high yield

1. Choose the land to grow vegetables

Each type of vegetable will be suitable for different soil types and different mixing media. Therefore, when planting, it is necessary to learn this to avoid crop failure and plants not achieving the expected yield and quality.

For the most part, vegetables will be suitable for soil types such as: sandy soil, clay soil, loam soil, alluvial soil, riverside.

When choosing land for growing vegetables, it is necessary to choose a soil with a high amount of humus and a pH of 5.5 – 7. Besides, the land must have a favorable location, be proactive in water sources for cultivation and transportation.

2. Plow, harrow, dry the soil

Plow and dry the soil about 20 days before planting to prevent pathogens in the soil.

This is a very important step that needs to be carried out carefully, because it will determine the yield of the crop and the health of the plant.

At the same time, this stage will help the soil to be loose, aerated, and maintain respiration for plant roots and microorganisms living in the soil. It is recommended to use composted manure while plowing and harrowing to mix the manure evenly into the soil.

3. Level up

When planting in the garden or the field, it is necessary to cover the field for vegetables. Litters need to be raised to avoid flooding in the rainy season or the annual flood season. In flooded areas, they must be raised to a high height to avoid waterlogging, causing root rot, leading to tree death.

After plowing, weeding, it is necessary to proceed to the floor to create conditions for good root development, the soil is drained and the care is easy. In order for vegetables to receive enough light, it is necessary to pay attention to the direction of the row. East-West direction gives the plant the most light.

4. Creating mulch agricultural mulch

When creating a vegetable mulch, it will have many uses such as: limiting harmful insects, limiting diseases, preventing weeds, regulating humidity, keeping the ground structure, keeping fertilizers, avoiding erosion , increase soil temperature, limit alum and salinity regimes.

First, go up to the floor about 20-40 cm high. The height will depend on each season and geographical conditions of each region, note that the surface must be flat.

Wet the planting surface while covering the mulch. You can combine it with a drip irrigation system to reduce watering. Then use a can of beef with a diameter of 10 cm, or you can buy a pre-perforated film at a fixed distance.

5. Seed treatment

Seeds greatly affect the yield and quality of vegetables later. Depending on the type of vegetable, you will have different treatment methods. However, most of the time, you just need to sow directly without any processing.

6. How to sow seeds

You can proceed to sow seeds in two ways:

Direct sowing/straight sowing:

This way of sowing will help the roots grow deep, the plant will grow very strong without losing strength. However, it is difficult to care for, when facing unfavorable conditions (heavy rain, wind like, ..) the tree is damaged a lot.

Sow in pots:

Sowing in pots, vegetables grow evenly, with little loss of seedlings. less affected by natural conditions. However, it takes time to make pots, the roots are not developed deeply.

How to take care of vegetables

Vegetables need a lot of moisture and water, so it is necessary to provide enough water and moisture for vegetables. With a smart sprinkler irrigation system for vegetables, the vegetable garden will be fully supplied with water without much effort.

Regularly cultivate the soil, cover the feet so that the tree is sturdy, not affected by rain and wind.

In addition, regularly check and weeds to avoid competition for nutrients with crops, causing yield loss. The state of weeds will be minimized when using agricultural mulch, while saving on labor, medicine and fertilizer costs.

how to grow vegetables

1. Watering

Using conventional watering methods will waste labor and water. Therefore, you should use drip irrigation, rain spray. This way will save you significant labor costs, watering will also be more efficient.

2. Fertilization

Vegetables are a short-term leafy plant, so a lot of nutrients are needed for vegetables to form leaves.

Before planting, it is necessary to fertilize with organic fertilizers (cow manure, vermicompost, goat manure, …) to provide nutrients for plants, to avoid soil degradation due to exhausted exploitation. Fertilize by spreading manure and plowing the soil to bury manure before planting. Or fertilize the trench in one or both sides of the tree.

When growing at home on the terrace balcony, in addition to the above fertilizers, it is also possible to make use of leftovers, vegetable peels, coffee grounds, etc. to compost ingredients or make banana juice for vegetable gardens.

Harvest vegetables in the garden

When growing vegetables for business, production needs to be put in a cold room, or a cold storage box to keep vegetables fresh longer. Pay special attention to avoid harvesting vegetables after watering, which can cause waterlogging and damage to vegetables.

Thus, how to grow vegetables is not too complicated. Hopefully, the above sharing will help you master the techniques of growing vegetables and reap high yields.

Emilia Chaney
Emilia Chaney
My name is Emilia Chaney. I'm a social girl from Romania with a big smile and 3 passions: Agriculture, Travel and Social Media. I try to make this blog practical, full of great advice and inspiring ideas.

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