Breeding sows Nowadays, it is one of the most popular livestock industries. Not only because of the small amount of capital, but the profit is also very high. However, besides that, the effort that people have to spend to take care of their pigs is not small. Therefore, today Agri brings this article with the hope that people will have more knowledge to nurture and care for their pigs in the most effective way.
1. Caring for pigs during pregnancy
Sows are sows from 6 to 8 months of age, reaching a weight of about 80-110 kg, depending on different care conditions. However, for the best results, the sow should only be mated when the sow is over 6 months old and weighs at least 90kg.
When the sow is breeding, the sow stands still for the tadpole to cover (the ears stand up) or the relatives put their hands on the sow’s butt and the same phenomenon occurs. Mating should be done twice (double mating), 12-24 hours apart.
The sow is pregnant from about 110 to 117 days. The last month of pregnancy is the fastest growing period of pregnancy. During pregnancy, sows need to be provided with adequate nutrients to store the body and at the same time to nourish the fetus.
Dietary nutrition in late pregnancy should have at least 5-7% fiber. This amount of fiber is intended to help prevent constipation in pigs.
At the same time, the diet also needs to provide adequate vitamins and minerals. If there is a lack of minerals, piglets will grow slowly, sows are prone to paralysis after birth. Adequate and balanced sow feed rations will prolong the reproductive life.
If kept in a shared cage, they must be transferred to the farrowing pen before the 110th day of pregnancy.
2. Taking care of sows during farrowing
– 5-7 days before the delivery of farrowing sows, the farrowing crate must be cleaned and disinfected carefully.
– Wash the belly and udder with warm water before bringing the sow into the farrowing pen.
During the pre-calving period, sows should be fed the same diet as during pregnancy. However, foods rich in fiber should be given.
– When you see milk in the udder, it means that the sow will give birth within 24 hours. Caring for sows during farrowing helps to reduce piglet mortality during and after farrowing. Laying time can last from 30 minutes to 5 hours. On average, each pig is born 15 minutes apart, but in some cases it lasts up to several hours.
– In case the sow shows signs of not being able to give birth, if there is no help, people can support it by hand. People should wear long gloves lubricated with vegetable oil, or Vaseline mixed with antibiotics. Sows must be injected with antibiotics immediately after handling.
– After giving birth, people inject antibiotics through muscles, and at the same time inject antibiotics into the vagina for pigs.
Piglets should be fed colostrum (milk containing antibodies) immediately after birth. Sows are only able to produce colostrum 24 to 36 hours after birth. Piglets are also only capable of direct absorption of antibodies through small intestinal epithelial cells from the first hour after birth to 18-24 hours later. Newly born piglets are suckled immediately, which stimulates the pig to push to farrow faster, with less placenta left.
Hopefully, through this article, people can confidently take care of their pigs to bring high productivity.
See more: Mastering the technique of raising sows to raise animals without loss