Are you concerned about infectious diseases in dogs to prevent? Does your dog have unusual health symptoms? Worried your dog may have Parvovirus? Agri will answer you about this common disease in dogs!
Parvovirus (Parvo) disease is an acute infectious disease caused by the Canine Parvovirus (CPV). Parvovirus Very common, rapidly spreading, and highly fatal in puppies less than one year old. In particular, dogs that have not been vaccinated against the disease have a weak immune system. Besides, adult dogs can still get this disease. Early intervention is still treatable. Without treatment, over 80% of dogs die from the disease Parvovirus.
How Parvovirus is transmitted?
You should know, the disease is only caused in dogs and cannot be transmitted to humans or other animals.
The disease is transmitted directly from dogs to each other. Through feces containing viruses spread in the environment. Even vehicles such as tires and shoes are contaminated with infected dog feces. Or human hand contact from a sick dog to a healthy dog can also spread the disease. That’s why many dogs can become infected even if they don’t leave the house.
Features of Parvovirus disease
This virus has special power. Viruses are highly infectious and rapidly divide cells within host cells. This virus is not enclosed in a layer of fat like many other viruses, so they have a special ability to withstand many harsh environments. This virus is stable in many environments and is resistant to a wide pH range and high temperatures. Dogs over 6 months of age usually have a natural resistance to Parvovirus. Many of these animals showed only transient diarrhea. Dogs 1-2 years old may have mild and unnoticeable illness.
Types and symptoms of Parvovirus disease
Symptoms usually appear within 3-10 days of infection. Dogs show: fatigue, anorexia, vomiting, fever and other symptoms of each disease.
Most dogs are largely affected by the disease between the ages of 6-20 weeks of age. The mortality rate is high and with proper treatment, the survival rate is also quite high. The disease is often accompanied by severe diarrhea. That causes dehydration, electrolytes, blood, and secondary infections in dogs. Therefore, dogs show signs of lethargy, rapid weight loss, pain, shock due to blood loss… Dogs usually will not die from the virus, but often die from a secondary infection.
How to prevent Parvovirus?
1. The prevention of disease by not being exposed to pathogens is often not very effective. Therefore, most Veterinarians recommend that dogs be vaccinated against diseases early.
2. Young dogs under 4 months of age who are not immune to Parvo should not be exposed to other dogs. Avoid “middlemen” that can transmit disease: the environment, equipment, dog transport, or other dog owners.
3. Care, nutrition, and science to increase the dog’s disease resistance. Deworming for young dogs from one month old.
4. The owner must at least 1 month after a dog dies due to illness before bringing another dog to raise. Dead dogs suspected of being infected must be buried deep between two layers of lime powder or burned and destroyed. Do not float in rivers, streams, trash cans or public places.
5. It is necessary to regularly clean and disinfect the environment, cages, care tools and means of transporting dogs.
6. Hygiene and disease prevention: kill ticks, fleas, regularly bathe the dog. Disinfect barns and animal shelters.
7. Isolate healthy dogs from sick dogs, do not let healthy dogs come into contact with the feces of sick dogs.
If there is anything abnormal about your dog’s health, please contact Agri Veterinary Hospital for timely examination and treatment!