With a large body, a running bird and a speed of 65km/h. Ostrich farming is practiced all over the world, this running bird farming model is also very developed in our country because of its stable economic efficiency. The following is farming techniques as well as taking care of ostriches to help farmers avoid loss, healthy ostriches and good prices.
Effective ostrich breeding techniques
Standards for making cages in breeding techniques Ostrich
The cage is designed in a cool location, with good drainage, warm in winter and cool in summer, and away from residential areas, urban areas, noisy places with lots of dust. The cages must be designed including: cages and playgrounds. The playground is 50m long for the ostriches to operate freely. If breeding ostriches, additional nests must be arranged.
Mats and litter in ostrich farming techniques
In the first 1 to 2 weeks the floor is lined with soft carpet so that the ostriches can walk freely. From the third week onwards, use rice husks and shavings to line the foundation. If the background is hard, the ostrich will lose because of bone and joint diseases
Temperature and humidity in ostrich farming techniques
These are important and decisive factors in ostrich rearing techniques, especially for young ostriches, because at this time the chicks have not yet perfected their heat-regulating organs, so they must keep warm during brooding and ensure Maintain the temperature between 32 – 33 degrees Celsius.
Techniques for brooding ostriches in the first 3 months
Ostrich density: From birth to 1 month old, 20-25 cubs/broodstock with an area of 8-12 square meters.
In the first 2 days when moving the chicks to the nursery, keep the light 24/24 for the ostrich because light is very important for the newly hatched chicks. Then gradually reduce from 18 to 16 hours.
If the weather outside is good and the sunlight is reasonable, let the ostrich go to the playground to exercise and sunbathe when it is 20 days old. The time to drop gradually increases and the area of the nodules expands day by day.
2 days old ostriches usually only sleep under the heater, on the 3rd day onwards, they start pecking food. Food must be kept at hand or they will eat whatever it picks up which is harmful to their digestive system. It is recommended to add a bit of chicken brooding medicine to increase the resistance of ostriches because ostriches belong to the bird class, which can get diseases like poultry.
When transporting young ostriches from the incubation room to the nursery room, they should add glucose to them. Adding calcium helps to develop bones and limit bone-related diseases.
Ostriches do not have oil glands to lubricate the feathers, so the feathers get wet easily, leading to colds when it rains, so pay attention to bring the ostrich in when it rains.
Feed in effective ostrich farming techniques
In the first months, it is possible to use poultry bran pellets to help ostriches eat without spillage and add green vegetables such as lettuce, water spinach. Feed in ostrich breeding techniques must ensure that the new feed is not rancid.
When we are older than about 3 months, we can give ready-made food such as corn, rice, bran, fish meal, soybean… And add green grass. The first days should give the ostrich to drink warm water. To easily process and mix feed, farmers need to prepare equipment such as lawn mowers, pellet presses, multi-function choppers, etc.
To prepare food for ostriches. From 1 to 30 days old, we feed 6 times / day. And gradually reduce until 31-60 days old only 4 times / day and 61-90 days old only eat 2 to 3 times.
The feeding trough uses plastic pots, non-sharp rubber to avoid injury to the ostrich. Drinking troughs can use plastic pots, wide aluminum pots for easy drinking. The two troughs are placed far apart for the ostriches to move easily.
summary ostrich farming techniques
Ostriches can contract diseases in chickens and ducks, so it is necessary to regularly check and clean the cages, monitor the disease, and when the disease is detected, it must be treated and isolated urgently. When ostriches die, they must be handled cleanly to avoid spreading pathogens to healthy ones. The above is a comprehensive ostrich breeding technique, ostrich breeding technique is not difficult but also not easy, just follow the method to achieve effective, stable output.
See also: peacock farming