In recent years, the ostrich farming model in Vietnam is being implemented and initially brought economic benefits to many households and farm owners. However, to scale up, reduce the early stage loss rate and give the highest yield. You need to know ostrich farming techniques from the stages of breeding, making stables, animal feed to disease prevention.
Choose ostrich breed
Current Struthio camelus ostrich varieties:
- North African ostrich: is the tallest ostrich, the top of the head is hairless, with a ring of white collar feathers on ⅔ of the neck from the top down. Males have pure white wing and breast feathers. Females have dark brown body plumage.
- The Somali Ostrich is a polymorphic breed that also has no feathers on the top of the head, but the white ring below the neck is wider. On the neck, the hairless ones will be gray, the tail feathers will be white. Males have black fur, females are lighter gray. Particularly in the Somali ostrich, the female has a larger body than the male.
- East African Ostriches (Masai ostriches): live in eastern Kenya. On the top of the head there are animals that are hairless, but there are also children that have full hair. White ring at the narrow neck.
- South African ostriches: live mainly in Zimbabwe – botswana to cape. The top of the head is hairy, the neck is gray, in the breeding season it will turn red, there is no white ring on the neck like other breeds.
How to choose commercial ostrich breed:
- Choose ostriches to hatch on the right day (hatched day 42 – 44)
- Choose a healthy, agile, deformed child with a compact belly and bright eyes
- Breeds with body weight from 0.8 – 1kg/head
- To reduce loss, farmers can buy seeds from 3 months old or more, the survival rate is over 90%.
The location of the ostrich cage
The barn is in a quiet place with little noise. Should choose an area that is easy to drain, without many hills and without trees surrounding it.
The location of the barn must be close to the power and water supply, easy to care for and manage.
The suitable direction of the barn is the Southeast direction to be able to receive sunlight in the morning, and at the same time to help keep the barn airy and dry.
Fence surrounding the location of the barn
The surrounding fence needs to be 150cm or more high for 0-12 month old ostriches. Over 12 months old must be from 165cm – 170cm. Fence right:
- Easy to see through
- Sure, there’s good resistance when the ostrich touches it.
- Has good elasticity to avoid injury.
- No sharp objects
- Do not obstruct or entangle the ostrich’s legs.
Fence type 5 galvanized steel wire (non 3.1mm): Close the column firmly, the distance between the columns is 5m, in the middle of the 2 columns there will be at least a vertical bar. Galvanized steel wire will wrap around each pile. The bottom steel wire will be 25-30cm above the ground.
According to the experience of raising ostriches of many households, young children from birth to the first 3 months have a very high mortality rate, even more than half. Therefore, similar to other poultry, from newborn to 3 months old ostrich, people need to conduct brooding cages to keep warm, avoid the bad effects of weather and the outside environment, reduce loss rate.
The ostrich cage is divided into two parts: the barn and the playground. In particular, the cage needs to ensure ventilation, the playground needs to be over 50m long for them to be able to walk comfortably.
Ostrich meat cage
After 3 months of brooding, farmers switched to commercial farming. The cage needs to be designed large, with a playground size of 5 x (60 – 120)m used to raise 12-15 animals. The roof of the barn is made of corrugated iron, 3m high above the ground.
Ostriches often live mainly outside the playground, so the barn needs to be simple, using rudimentary materials such as cow sheds in the countryside. The area of the barn does not need to be enlarged, on average 3-4m2/head. In addition, the playground should arrange a shack from 3-5m2 to place a feeder.
Breeding stage ostrich cage
In the breeding stage, the cage has a roof with the size of 3 x 5m, inside the thick sand bed is poured.
The outside playground is 8m wide, 80-100m long, without obstacles.
The bell box can be paired with 1 drum: 2 roofs or 2 drums: 5 roofs.
Mats and litter
In the nursery, it is necessary to make a soft rubber mat, plastic with holes, a heating pad or thick, sturdy straw to keep the belly of the baby ostrich warm for the first 1-2 weeks.
From 3 weeks old onwards, people can use rice husks, sawdust, shavings… to fill the cages. However, small ostriches can eat sawdust, so consider only using sawdust when they are aware (about 4 weeks old onwards).
Arrange full feed troughs for the flock. Feeders are usually made of plastic or rubber without sharp edges.
To raise meat ostriches, it is necessary to build a wooden trough with the size of 0.3 x 0.25 x 1m, fixed at a height of 0.7 – 0.8m, with a feeding density of 4-5 birds/trough. Drinking troughs can be used with large sized crockery or pots.
Raising ostriches needs to meet enough nutritional needs to maintain life, help animals develop balanced and comprehensive. The nutritional needs of ostriches include: water, protein, lipids, minerals, vitamins, fiber, and gravel.
What do ostriches eat? Ostriches are omnivores with a rich food source including:
Vegetables such as lettuce, cabbage, water spinach, leaves, grass like cattle, legumes, cereal grains (legumes, oats, sorghum, rice, corn kernels) …), sand and gravel
Earthworms, crickets, bird eggs, fish meal, meat meal, bone meal, oyster powder…
By-products from processing facilities such as oil cakes, coconut oil, waste from slaughterhouses
Supplements are vitamins, mineral premixes, probiotics, etc. Supplements are very necessary for captive ostriches to help them grow healthy, avoid stunting, weakness, stop eating, walking. footless…
Prevention on ostrich
Need to take preventive measures for ostriches
Ostriches can be infected with some diseases such as in chickens and ducks, in addition, ostrich farming is still quite new, so the technology of disease prevention still exists many limitations. Therefore, people need to be proactive in preventing the disease.
Regularly monitor and observe the external manifestations, eating, walking, waste, eyes, color and shine of the coat.
Clean and disinfect the barn around the barn.
Food sources need to be fresh, not contaminated, and not contain harmful preservatives.
If ostriches are sick, they will show a number of symptoms:
- Slow, sad appearance, head and neck drooping
- Anorexia, skipping meals
- Walking sluggishly, tired, lethargic, wobbly, unsteady gait.
- Standing unbalanced, bones and neck misaligned.
- Split the herd.
- Breathing is not normal
- The abdomen is small, the back has a pointed tip.
- Hard, pale, mucus-colored stools, urine discoloration.
Above is the entire technique of raising ostrich. Hopefully the knowledge that we provide will help you develop and raise the best efficiency. Wish you success with the ostrich breeding model!